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Case Name Nichols v. Hopper PC-AL-0002
Docket / Court CV-86-V-461-N ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Attorney Organization Southern Center for Human Rights
Case Summary
In 1986, inmates at the Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women in Wetumpka, Alabama, filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Alabama Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. The plaintiffs, represented by the Southern Center for Human Rights in ... read more >
In 1986, inmates at the Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women in Wetumpka, Alabama, filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Alabama Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. The plaintiffs, represented by the Southern Center for Human Rights in Atlanta, alleged that the conditions of their confinement violated their rights under the constitution. On October 5, 1987, the parties entered into a comprehensive settlement by consent decree.

On July 2, 1997, the Alabama Department of Corrections asked the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama (Judge Robert Varner) to terminate the consent decree pursuant to the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 18 U.S.C. §3626(b)(2). The court granted the motion and terminated the consent decree. The plaintiffs appealed.

On April 23, 1999, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (Judge Stanley Birch) affirmed the district court's decision. Nichols v. Hopper, 173 F.3d 820 (11th Cir. 1999). We have no further information on the proceedings in this case.

Kristen Sagar - 06/19/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
General
Totality of conditions
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Alabama Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description Inmates at the Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women in Wetumpka, Alabama complaining of the prison's conditions
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Southern Center for Human Rights
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1987 - 1997
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Case Listing PC-AL-0023 : U.S. v. Alabama (M.D. Ala.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Opinion 04/23/1999 (173 F.3d 820)
PC-AL-0002-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Birch, Stanley F. Jr. (Eleventh Circuit)
PC-AL-0002-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Huffman, Katharine Aiken (Georgia)
PC-AL-0002-0001
Johnson, Christopher M. (Georgia)
PC-AL-0002-0001
Toone, Robert E. Jr. (Georgia)
PC-AL-0002-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Culverhouse, Renee D. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0002-0001
Leonard, Ellen Ruth (Alabama)
PC-AL-0002-0001
Other Lawyers Herwig, Barbara L. (District of Columbia)
PC-AL-0002-0001
Lobell, Anne M. (District of Columbia)
PC-AL-0002-0001

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