University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name U.S. v. District of Columbia NH-DC-0001
Docket / Court 95-0948 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Nursing Home Conditions
Case Summary
On August 19, 1991, the United States Department of Justice [DOJ] issued its findings letter to the mayor of Washington, DC providing details of its investigation of the Village Nursing Home (DC Village) conducted pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). DC Village ... read more >
On August 19, 1991, the United States Department of Justice [DOJ] issued its findings letter to the mayor of Washington, DC providing details of its investigation of the Village Nursing Home (DC Village) conducted pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA). DC Village was licensed as a long-term-care nursing home for geriatric patients but overflow from other institutions was causing additional residents to be placed in the facility. These residents included adults with mental retardation and severe physical disabilities along with mentally ill children and adults. The investigation determined that DC Village was not providing proper care to its mentally ill and mentally retarded residents. The conditions that caused constitutional violations included failure to provide adequate training to staff, inadequate psychiatric care, insufficient staff, and inadequate record keeping. The DOJ suggested remedial measures to bring the institution into compliance with constitutional standards.

The DOJ conducted follow-up investigations in 1992 and 1994 and found that the conditions had not improved. Additional problems at the facility included inadequate medical care resulting in the death of many residents. In a letter dated October 11, 1994, the DOJ suggested additional remedial measures to cure the constitutional violations.

On May 19, 1995, the United States filed a lawsuit against the District of Columbia in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. The complaint alleged violations of the Constitution, the Americans with Disabilities Act, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and Titles XIX and XVIII of the Social Security Act. The District of Columbia Long-Term Care Ombudsman intervened in the action. The United States and the Ombudsman moved for preliminary injunction. On July 5, 1995 a hearing was held regarding the preliminary injunction and the parties entered into a stipulated order. The District of Columbia agreed to implement a number of remedies, including changing specific medical practices related to the treatment of ulcers and incontinence. It agreed to provide adequate nursing staff, remedy shortages in food and other supplies, to place patients with mental retardation into community-based or residential programs, and to pay vendors providing services to the facility. Court monitor Harriet Fields provided reports regarding the District's compliance.

In August of 1995, the District decided to close the facility and failed to provide a plan for the transfer of residents to other facilities. It failed to follow the terms of the previous stipulation and began transferring patients without supervision by the court. On December 20, 1995, the district court (Judge Thomas F. Hogan) granted the United States' motion for contempt due to the District's non-compliance with the stipulated order. On February 23, 1996, Judge Hogan ordered the suspension of the outplacement of DC Village's residents until it complied with previous court orders by creating a transition team to ensure that placement decisions were made on an individualized basis.

The Court Monitor's reports indicated that the District was also not compliant in paying its vendors and Judge Hogan entered several orders regarding this issue.

A letter from the Court Monitor on June 28, 1996 noted that all patients at DC Village had been outplaced but that the District was refusing to provide payment to the Georgetown University Child Development Center (GUCDC) for the services it provided in the outplacement process. On July 15, 1996, Judge Hogan ordered the District to pay GUCDC. Judge Hogan denied a motion to dismiss the monitor in order to evaluate the former resident's placements and determine whether they were appropriate.

The Court Monitor provided a final report on January 21, 1997, which included testimonials of former residents and indicated that they were in appropriate placements. Judge Hogan entered an Order on May 12, 1997, closing the case and ordering the District to pay $100 to each former resident and $50,000 to the Ombudsman.

Angela Heverling - 05/21/2007


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Record-keeping
Restraints : physical
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental health care, general
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Social Security (Title XX), 42 U.S.C. § 1397 et seq.
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) D.C. Village Nursing Home
District of Columbia
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1995 - 1997
Case Closing Year 1997
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
95-948 (D.D.C.) 05/23/1997
NH-DC-0001-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of D.C. Village Nursing Home, District of Columbia 08/19/1991
NH-DC-0001-0001 PDF | Detail
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of D.C. Village Nursing Home, District of Columbia 10/11/1994
NH-DC-0001-0002 PDF | Detail
Complaint 05/08/1995
NH-DC-0001-0003 PDF | Detail
Memorandum in Support of the United States' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction to Enjoin Dangerous and Life-Threatening Practices and to Ensure Basic Care, Services and Treatment 05/19/1995
NH-DC-0001-0007 PDF | Detail
Declarations of Parties 06/15/1995
NH-DC-0001-0009 PDF | Detail
United States' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction to Enjoin Dangerous and Life-Threatening Practices and to Ensure Basic Care, Services and Treatment 06/19/1995
NH-DC-0001-0004 PDF | Detail
Stipulated Order to Remedy the United States' and the Ombudsman's Motions for a Preliminary Injunction 07/06/1995 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0005 PDF | Detail
Re: Stipulated Order enter on July 6, 1995 08/06/1995
NH-DC-0001-0012 PDF | Detail
Preliminary Status Report 09/04/1995
NH-DC-0001-0013 PDF | Detail
Re: Civ. No. 95-948 TFH, D.C. Village Nursing Home 09/21/1995
NH-DC-0001-0014 PDF | Detail
First Status Report of the Court Monitor 10/16/1995
NH-DC-0001-0015 PDF | Detail
Order Modifying Stipulated Order of July 6, 1995 11/07/1995 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0006 PDF | Detail
Second Status Report of the Court Monitor 11/30/1995
NH-DC-0001-0016 PDF | Detail
Re: November 7, Order Modifying Stipulated Order of July 6, 1995 12/10/1995
NH-DC-0001-0017 PDF | Detail
Order 12/22/1995 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0008 PDF | Detail
Order 12/22/1995 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0010 PDF | Detail
January Status Report 01/17/1996
NH-DC-0001-0018 PDF | Detail
Appendices to the January Status Report 01/17/1996
NH-DC-0001-0019 PDF | Detail
Re: U.S. v. District of Columbia 02/01/1996
NH-DC-0001-0020 PDF | Detail
Re: D.C. Village 02/01/1996
NH-DC-0001-0021 PDF | Detail
Order 02/23/1996 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0022 PDF | Detail
Re: U.S. v. District of Columbia 04/03/1996
NH-DC-0001-0023 PDF | Detail
Order 04/17/1996 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0024 PDF | Detail
Monitor Update on Outplacement of DCV Residents to New Homes 04/25/1996
NH-DC-0001-0025 PDF | Detail
Order 04/26/1996 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0011 PDF | Detail
Monitor Update on Outplacement of DCV Residents to New Homes 05/09/1996
NH-DC-0001-0026 PDF | Detail
Order 05/09/1996 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0027 PDF | Detail
Monitor Update on Outplacement of DCV Residents to New Homes 05/22/1996
NH-DC-0001-0028 PDF | Detail
Re: Off-site Day Programs Recommended for Residents with Mental Retardation 06/06/1996
NH-DC-0001-0029 PDF | Detail
Monitor Update on Outplacement of DCV Residents to New Homes 06/16/1996
NH-DC-0001-0030 PDF | Detail
Re: U.S. v. District of Columbia 06/28/1996
NH-DC-0001-0031 PDF | Detail
Order 07/15/1996 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0032 PDF | Detail
Re: U.S. v. District of Columbia 08/11/1996
NH-DC-0001-0033 PDF | Detail
Order 08/22/1996 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0034 PDF | Detail
Order 08/22/1996 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0035 PDF | Detail
Final Report 01/21/1997
NH-DC-0001-0036 PDF | Detail
Consent Order 02/21/1997 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0037 PDF | Detail
Order 05/14/1997 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0038 PDF | Detail
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 05/14/1997 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0039 PDF | Detail
Order 05/23/1997 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0040 PDF | Detail
Order 05/23/1997 (D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0041 PDF | Detail
Judges Hogan, Thomas Francis (FISC, D.D.C.)
NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0006 | NH-DC-0001-0008 | NH-DC-0001-0010 | NH-DC-0001-0011 | NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0013 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0022 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-0032 | NH-DC-0001-0033 | NH-DC-0001-0034 | NH-DC-0001-0035 | NH-DC-0001-0036 | NH-DC-0001-0037 | NH-DC-0001-0038 | NH-DC-0001-0039 | NH-DC-0001-0040 | NH-DC-0001-0041 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Monitors/Masters Fields, Harriet A. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0013 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0021 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030
Plaintiff's Lawyers Deutsch, David (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0003 | NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0007 | NH-DC-0001-0008 | NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0021 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Dunne, John R. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0001
Farano, Richard J. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0006 | NH-DC-0001-0007 | NH-DC-0001-0008 | NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0021 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-0037 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Frohboese, Robinsue (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0007
Holder, Eric H. Jr. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0003 | NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0007
Isaacson, William A. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-0037 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0002 | NH-DC-0001-0003 | NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0007
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0003 | NH-DC-0001-0004 | NH-DC-0001-0007
Reno, Janet (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0003
Schiller, Jonathan D. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0027
Scholer, Kaye (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030
Schuster, Michael Robert (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Bolden, Melvin W. Jr. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0008
Earle, William J. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-9000
Mann, Barbara J. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0012 | NH-DC-0001-0014 | NH-DC-0001-0015 | NH-DC-0001-0016 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-0024 | NH-DC-0001-0025 | NH-DC-0001-0026 | NH-DC-0001-0027 | NH-DC-0001-0028 | NH-DC-0001-0029 | NH-DC-0001-0030 | NH-DC-0001-0031 | NH-DC-0001-0037 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Pinkston, Garland Jr. (District of Columbia)
NH-DC-0001-0005 | NH-DC-0001-0017 | NH-DC-0001-0018 | NH-DC-0001-0019 | NH-DC-0001-0020 | NH-DC-0001-0023 | NH-DC-0001-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -