University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name U.S. v. Tennessee ID-TN-0004
Docket / Court 3:96-cv-01056 ( M.D. Tenn. )
State/Territory Tennessee
Case Type(s) Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Case Summary
In 1994, the United States Department of Justice investigated conditions at Clover Bottom Developmental Center in Nashville, Greene Valley Developmental Center in Greeneville, and Nat T. Winston Developmental Center in Bolivar, Tennessee. The investigation also included the Harold Jordon ... read more >
In 1994, the United States Department of Justice investigated conditions at Clover Bottom Developmental Center in Nashville, Greene Valley Developmental Center in Greeneville, and Nat T. Winston Developmental Center in Bolivar, Tennessee. The investigation also included the Harold Jordon Habilitation Center, a program at Clover Bottom. The investigation revealed numerous violations of the constitutional and statutory rights of the developmentally delayed residents of the facilities. The Department of Justice suspected that the abuse of residents by staff at Clover Bottom constituted criminal behavior.

On October 21, 1996, the United States Filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee against the State of Tennessee on behalf of individuals residing at the three facilities. The complaint alleged numerous violations of the constitution, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and Tennessee state law. These included failure to provide education and adequate medical care, abusive treatment, and insufficient staffing.

The lawsuit followed a similar private lawsuit filed against the state, People First of Tennessee v. Clover Bottom Developmental Center, Civ. No. 96-cv-01056 (M.D.Tenn.) ("People First case") (ID-TN-0002)

On December 2, 1996, the district court (Judge Robert L. Echnols) granted a motion to consolidate the People First case with the United States case.

People First, the United States, and the State of Tennessee entered into a settlement agreement that was approved by Judge Echols in November of 1996. According to the settlement, the state agreed to a number of changes, including the following:

• Create person-centered evaluation of citizens in need of services

• Develop community programs and resources

• Increase staffing and staff training

• Improve living conditions in the centers

• Provide education for school-age residents



The PACER Docket indicates that litigation continued until 2004 but provides little information about further proceedings.

Angela Heverling - 04/08/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Disability
Least restrictive environment
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Education
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Neglect by staff
Restraints : physical
Sanitation / living conditions
Sexual abuse by residents/inmates
Special education
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental Disability
Developmental disability without intellectual disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Clover Bottom Developmental Center
Greene Valley Developmental Center
Nat T. Winston Developmental Center
State of Tennessee
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1996 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing ID-TN-0002 : People First of Tenn. v. Clover Bottom Devel. Center (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0001 : People First of Tenn. v. Arlington Developmental Center (W.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0003 : U.S. v. Tennessee (W.D. Tenn.)
Docket(s)
96-1056 (M.D. Tenn.) 01/06/2011
ID-TN-0004-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Notice Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Clover Bottom Developmental Center, Nashville; the Greene Valley Developmental Center, Greeneville; and the Nat T. Winston Devel., Ctr., Bolivar, Tennessee 06/22/1994
ID-TN-0004-0001 PDF | Detail
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Greene Valley Developmental Center, Greeneville, Tennessee 01/10/1995
ID-TN-0004-0002 PDF | Detail
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Clover Bottom Developmental Center, Nashville, Tennessee 03/10/1995
ID-TN-0004-0003 PDF | Detail
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Nat T. Winston Developmental Center, Bolivar, Tennessee 05/12/1995
ID-TN-0004-0004 PDF | Detail
Memorandum re: ""Placement of Undercover Employee at the Clover Bottom Developmental Center, a Facility for Developmentally Disabled, in Nashville, Tennessee"". 06/13/1995
ID-TN-0004-0005 PDF | Detail
Findings Letter re: Harold Jordan Habilitation Center (Jordan Center) a program of Clover Bottom Developmental Center 03/01/1996
ID-TN-0004-0007 PDF | Detail
Complaint 10/21/1996
ID-TN-0004-0008 PDF | Detail
Settlement Agreement Between People First, the United States, and the State of Tennessee 11/12/1996
ID-TN-0004-0010 PDF | Detail
Order granting Motion to Consolidate 12/02/1996 (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0004-0009 PDF | Detail
Opinion 08/08/2001 (260 F.3d 587)
ID-TN-0004-0011 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 10/01/2001 (2001 U.S.App.LEXIS 29309)
ID-TN-0004-0012 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Judges Batchelder, Alice Moore (Sixth Circuit, N.D. Ohio)
ID-TN-0004-0011 | ID-TN-0004-0012
Echols, Robert L. (M.D. Tenn.)
ID-TN-0004-0009 | ID-TN-0004-0010 | ID-TN-0004-9000
Feikens, John (E.D. Mich.)
ID-TN-0004-0011 | ID-TN-0004-0012
Nelson, David Aldrich (Sixth Circuit)
ID-TN-0004-0011 | ID-TN-0004-0012
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bell, Aileen M. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Bowman, Robert C. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0008 | ID-TN-0004-0010 | ID-TN-0004-9000
Derryberry, Jack W. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0004-0010 | ID-TN-0004-0011
Donehey, Darcey Kathleen (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Edwards, Lisa Wilson (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0011
Frohboese, Robinsue (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0008 | ID-TN-0004-0010 | ID-TN-0004-9000
Geissler, R. Jonas (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Goggin, Wendy Hildreth (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Gran, Judith A. (Pennsylvania)
ID-TN-0004-0011
Gross, Mark L. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0011
Jackson, Shelley (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Jones, Michelle A. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0001 | ID-TN-0004-0002 | ID-TN-0004-0003 | ID-TN-0004-0004 | ID-TN-0004-0007 | ID-TN-0004-0008 | ID-TN-0004-0010 | ID-TN-0004-9000
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0005
Picciotti-Bayer, Andrea (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Porter, Nicole (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Reno, Janet (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0008
Roberts, Richard W. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0005
Rocah, David R. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0008 | ID-TN-0004-9000
Russell, Kevin K. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-0011
Schneider, Todd J. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Scott, Janine (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Trepel, Samantha Kay (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Watson, Robert C. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0004-0010 | ID-TN-0004-9000
Weinstein, Laurie J. (District of Columbia)
ID-TN-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Barrick, William M. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0004-0011
Dycus, Dianne Stanley (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0004-0010 | ID-TN-0004-0011
Hubbard, William B. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0004-0011
Maloy, Kathleen A. (Tennessee)
ID-TN-0004-0010
Other Lawyers None on record

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