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Case Name Homeward Bound v. Hissom Memorial Center MR-OK-0002
Docket / Court 85-C-437 ( N.D. Okla. )
State/Territory Oklahoma
Case Type(s) Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Case Summary
On May 2, 1985, Homeward Bound, Inc. filed a class-action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma against the Hissom Memorial Center and various state agencies. The lawsuit was brought on behalf of 600 retarded individuals, most of whom were children, who ... read more >
On May 2, 1985, Homeward Bound, Inc. filed a class-action lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma against the Hissom Memorial Center and various state agencies. The lawsuit was brought on behalf of 600 retarded individuals, most of whom were children, who were incarcerated in Hissom Memorial in Sand Springs, Oklahoma. Homeward Bound was represented by private attorneys and attorneys from the Public Interest Law Center of Philadelphia and the University of Oklahoma School of Law. The complaint alleged that that the plaintiffs were subject to abuse, neglect, injury, and unnecessary physical and chemical restraints and were denied adequate medical care, clothing, food, and habilitation services. It alleged violations of the Rehabilitation Act, the Social Security Act, the Education of Handicapped Children Act, Due Process, Equal Protection, and the constitutional rights of expression, association, privacy, and family integrity. The complaint alleged that the residents would be better served in community-based placements.

On July 24, 1987, after consultation with experts, the District Court (Judge James Ellison) entered Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law and a Court Plan and Order of Deinstitutionalization. Homeward Bound, Inc. v. Hissom Memorial Center, Inc., 1987 WL 27104 (N.D. Okla.). The order gave defendants four years to move plaintiffs to community-based alternative placements and provided guidelines for accomplishing that goal.

Litigation continued regarding attorneys’ fees and costs. After being awarded attorneys’ fees, the plaintiffs requested an enhancement and the district court denied that request. On May 8, 1992, the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (Judge Bobby Ray Baldock) affirmed. Homeward Bound, Inc. v. Hissom Memorial Center, Inc., 963 F.2d 1352 (10th Cir. 1992).

In 1989, the parties entered into a Consent Decree which was approved by the court. The Decree outlined a procedure for moving plaintiffs into the community and would terminate upon substantial compliance. The PACER docket does not provide any information about proceedings between 1987 and 1998. Progress reports were provided to the court. On February 1, 2005, Judge Ellison entered an Amended Permanent Injunction, terminating the case and finding that the Consent Decree imposed a permanent obligation on the defendants to provide individual community services and support to the plaintiffs. On January 24, 2007, the parties entered into a Final Stipulation closing the case and resolving issues of attorneys’ fees. A Second Amended Permanent Injunction dated February 6, 2007 and signed by Judge Terence Kern ordered defendants to continue utilizing community based treatment under the previous orders and to seek waivers for those mentally retarded individuals who required institutional-based treatment.

The PACER docket indicates that on February 6, 2007, the case was reassigned to Judge Gregory K. Frizzell. At the time of the writing of this summary, there has been no further activity.

Angela Heverling - 05/23/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Neglect by staff
Restraints : chemical
Restraints : physical
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Title XIX of the Social Security (Medicaid) Act, 42 U.S.C §1396
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Indv. w/ Disab. Educ. Act (IDEA), Educ. of All Handcpd. Children Act , 20 U.S.C. § 1400
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Oklahama Health Care Authority and Department of Human Services
Plaintiff Description 600 Mentally Retarded Individuals at Hissom Memorial Center
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Private Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1987 - 2007
Case Closing Year 2007
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
85-C-437 (N.D. Okla.) 02/07/2007
MR-OK-0002-9000 PDF | Detail
General Documents
Class Action Complaint 05/02/1985
MR-OK-0002-0001 PDF | Detail
Court Plan and Order of Deinstitutionalization 07/24/1987 (N.D. Okla.)
MR-OK-0002-0003 PDF | Detail
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 07/24/1987 (1987 WL 27104 / 1987 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 16866) (N.D. Okla.)
MR-OK-0002-0010 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Consent Decree 01/01/1989 (N.D. Okla.)
MR-OK-0002-0004 PDF | Detail
Opinion 05/08/1992 (963 F.2d 1352)
MR-OK-0002-0009 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Amended Permanent Injunction 02/01/2005 (N.D. Okla.)
MR-OK-0002-0005 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order and Judgment 06/05/2006 (N.D. Okla.)
MR-OK-0002-0007 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Stipulation 01/24/2007
MR-OK-0002-0008 PDF | Detail
Second Amended Permanent Injunction 02/06/2007 (N.D. Okla.)
MR-OK-0002-0006 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Baldock, Bobby Ray (D.N.M., Tenth Circuit)
MR-OK-0002-0009
Ellison, James O. (N.D. Okla.)
MR-OK-0002-0003 | MR-OK-0002-0005 | MR-OK-0002-0010
Joyner, Sam A. (W.D. Okla.) [Magistrate]
MR-OK-0002-9000
Kern, Terence C. (N.D. Okla.)
MR-OK-0002-0006 | MR-OK-0002-0007 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Blakemore, Robert Murray (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0007 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Bullock, Louis Werner (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0001 | MR-OK-0002-0007 | MR-OK-0002-0008 | MR-OK-0002-0009 | MR-OK-0002-0010 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Bullock, Patricia Whittaker (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0007 | MR-OK-0002-0008 | MR-OK-0002-0009 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Cook, Timothy M. (Pennsylvania)
MR-OK-0002-0001 | MR-OK-0002-0010
Gilhool, Thomas K. (Pennsylvania)
MR-OK-0002-0001 | MR-OK-0002-0007 | MR-OK-0002-0010
Gran, Judith A. (Pennsylvania)
MR-OK-0002-0001 | MR-OK-0002-0007 | MR-OK-0002-0010
Laski, Frank J. (Pennsylvania)
MR-OK-0002-0001 | MR-OK-0002-0010 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Lissau, Michael Joseph (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-9000
Mitchell, Allen (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0001 | MR-OK-0002-0010
Yasser, Raymond (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0001 | MR-OK-0002-0010
Defendant's Lawyers Andrew, Stephen Lawrence (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Casus, Mary Ann (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-9000
Cotter, David A. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Curnutte, Mark W. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Freeman, Richard (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Hardwick, Pamela Thedford (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-9000
Harness, Gordon (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Holland, Robert John (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-9000
Holmes, Richard K. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Hurst, Guy Lee (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0007 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Ikenberry, Kevin (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Jones, Kindanne C. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0008
Jones, Mark Lawton (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-9000
Langley, A. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Lowry, Dick (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
McCormick, Joseph Arthur (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Miller, Charles A. (District of Columbia)
MR-OK-0002-0009
Moak, Grant E. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-9000
Nance, Robert A. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Pallotta, Howard J. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-9000
Rambo-Jones, Lynn Susan (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0007 | MR-OK-0002-0008 | MR-OK-0002-9000
Russo, Carol J. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Sagona, William ()
MR-OK-0002-9000
Sidak, J. Gregory (District of Columbia)
MR-OK-0002-0009
Snider, Jerry (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Stuart, Roger (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0009 | MR-OK-0002-0010
Tucker, Thomas H. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Turpen, Michael C. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Waters, Charles Lee (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0009 | MR-OK-0002-0010
Watson, Chuck (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Wear, Pat (Kentucky)
MR-OK-0002-9000
Other Lawyers Atencio, Delores S. (Colorado)
MR-OK-0002-0009
Barringer, Marilyn D. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0009
Bradshaw, Scott W. (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0010
Coyle, John W. III (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0009
Feiger, Lynn D. (Colorado)
MR-OK-0002-0009
Roman, Gilbert M. (Colorado)
MR-OK-0002-0009
Salem, Micheal (Oklahoma)
MR-OK-0002-0009

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