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Case Name Gary W. v. Louisiana ID-LA-0003
Docket / Court 74 CV 2412 ( E.D. La. )
State/Territory Louisiana
Case Type(s) Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Special Collection Court-ordered receiverships
Case Summary
On September 3, 1974, a lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana alleging that agencies within the Louisiana Health and Human Resources Administration violated the constitutional and statutory rights of mentally retarded and emotionally disturbed ... read more >
On September 3, 1974, a lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana alleging that agencies within the Louisiana Health and Human Resources Administration violated the constitutional and statutory rights of mentally retarded and emotionally disturbed children by placing them in various Texas institutions where they were subjected to poor living conditions and the denial of adequate treatment. The plaintiffs were represented by private attorneys. The docket indicates that an attorney from the Children's' Defense Fund was also involved in the litigation at some point.

On July 26, 1976, following a trial, the district court (Judge Alvin B. Rubin) concluded that the children's rights had been violated and ordered that the violations be remedied on a child-specific basis. Gary W. v. Louisiana, 437 F.Supp. 1209 (E.D. La. 1976). In this Principle Order, Judge Rubin found that the children who were placed in Texas were not given the same treatment as those in Louisiana facilities and were denied privileges such as visits with family. The state was not required to return the children to Louisiana immediately; rather, it was required to assure proper treatment in Texas until new facilities in Louisiana could be constructed.

Judge Rubin ordered the Secretary for the Louisiana Department of Health and Human Resources to pay attorneys' fees. Gary W. v. Louisiana, 441 F.Supp. 1121 (E.D. La. 1977). Defendants appealed claiming that the state constitution prohibited the payment of attorneys' fees from Department funds. The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (Judge Irving Loeb Goldberg) affirmed. Gary W. v. Louisiana, 622 F.2d 804 (5th Cir. 1980).

After the case was assigned to Judge Robert Frederick Collins, the district court assigned a special master. The Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit affirmed that decision. Gary W. v. State of Louisiana, 601 F.2d 240 (5th Cir. 1979). The docket indicates that Dr. Brenda Lyles served as Special Master. In the following years, various class members were dismissed as they were placed in the least restrictive settings. All plaintiffs had been placed in residential settings by 1989.

In a 1993 opinion, the district court (Judge A.J. McNamara) granted the defendants' motion for relief from judgment. Gary W. v. Louisiana, 1993 WL 17686 (E.D. La. Jan. 19, 1993). Judge McNamara held that previous micromanagement over the treatment of the class members had resulted in them receiving treatment far greater than that available to non-class members. In addition, all of the class-members were no longer minor children. The court determined that the Principle Order had been satisfied and there was no justification for continuing the litigation. On January 12, 1994, the court entered a judgment for the Plaintiffs in the amount of $180,400 for attorneys' fees and costs.

We have no further information on this matter.

Angela Heverling - 05/07/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Receivership
Disability
Least restrictive environment
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Classification / placement
Parents (visitation, involvement)
Wait lists
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Type of Facility
Non-government for profit
Causes of Action Title XIX of the Social Security (Medicaid) Act, 42 U.S.C §1396
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) Day Developmental Training
Louisiana Health and Human Resources Administration
Plaintiff Description All mentally retarded, emotionally disturbed, and other children from Louisiana who have been placed in Texas institutions either by direct action of the State of Louisiana or with financial support from the state.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1976 - 1993
Case Closing Year 1994
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Problems in Implementing a Court Order Mandating Deinstitutionalization and a Right to Treatment
By: William E. Ritterberg
Citation: 1 Prison L. Monitor 259 (1979)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
74-CV-2412 (E.D. La.) 07/01/1992
ID-LA-0003-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
74-CV-2412 (E.D. La.) 01/12/1994
ID-LA-0003-9001 PDF | Detail
General Documents
Reported Opinion 07/26/1976 (437 F.Supp. 1209) (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0005 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 02/03/1977 (429 F.Supp. 711) (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0006 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 10/31/1977 (441 F.Supp. 1121) (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0007 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 08/24/1979 (601 F.2d 240)
ID-LA-0003-0009 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 07/31/1980 (622 F.2d 804)
ID-LA-0003-0008 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order 06/10/1987 (1987 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 4862) (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0014 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Appellate Opinion 12/21/1988 (861 F.2d 1366)
ID-LA-0003-0010 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law 02/20/1990 (1990 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 1746) (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0015 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Order for Supplemental Relief 02/20/1990 (1990 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 1728) (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0016 PDF | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Minute Entry 04/01/1991 (1991 WL 49674 / 1991 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 4201) (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0012 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion 02/06/1992 (954 F.2d 722)
ID-LA-0003-0013 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order and Reasons 01/19/1993 (1993 WL 17686 / 1993 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 656) (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0011 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Defendants' Motion for Award of Attorneys' Fees 01/11/1994
ID-LA-0003-0004 PDF | Detail
Judgment 01/12/1994 (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0003 PDF | Detail
Judges Collins, Robert Frederick (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0012 | ID-LA-0003-0014 | ID-LA-0003-0015 | ID-LA-0003-0016
Goldberg, Irving Loeb (Fifth Circuit)
ID-LA-0003-0008
Hill, James Clinkscales (Fifth Circuit, N.D. Ga., Eleventh Circuit)
ID-LA-0003-0009
King, Carolyn Dineen (Fifth Circuit)
ID-LA-0003-0010
McNamara, A. J. (E.D. La.)
ID-LA-0003-0003 | ID-LA-0003-0004 | ID-LA-0003-0011 | ID-LA-0003-9000 | ID-LA-0003-9001
Politz, Henry Anthony (Fifth Circuit)
ID-LA-0003-0010
Rubin, Alvin Benjamin (E.D. La., Fifth Circuit)
ID-LA-0003-0005 | ID-LA-0003-0006 | ID-LA-0003-0007
Smith, Jerry Edwin (Fifth Circuit)
ID-LA-0003-0010
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Attwood, Cynthia L. (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0009
Berzon, Stephen P. (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0005 | ID-LA-0003-0007
Berzon, Stephen P. (California)
ID-LA-0003-0008
Daniel, Susan G. (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Days, Drew S. III (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0009
Edelman, Marian Wright (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0008 | ID-LA-0003-0009
Holm, Geneviene (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Kellogg, R. James (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-9001 | ID-LA-0003-9001
Mayer, Steven L. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0003
Rittenberg, William E. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005 | ID-LA-0003-0006 | ID-LA-0003-0007 | ID-LA-0003-0008 | ID-LA-0003-0009 | ID-LA-0003-9001
Sheran, Thomas R. (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Silver, Jessica Dunsay (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0009
Smith, O. Whitman (Vermont)
ID-LA-0003-9001
Thrasher, Louis M. (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Utter, David J. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-9001
Wilks, Dale C. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0006
Yohalem, Daniel (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-0005 | ID-LA-0003-0007 | ID-LA-0003-0008 | ID-LA-0003-0009
Defendant's Lawyers Blackmon, Carmack M. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0007 | ID-LA-0003-0008 | ID-LA-0003-0009
Castille, Charles F. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-9001
Darnell, Chester E. (Texas)
ID-LA-0003-0005
DeHay, J. Carlisle Jr. (Texas)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Dore, James P. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Funderburk, Robert Jr. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Gilmore, Jerry C. (Texas)
ID-LA-0003-0006 | ID-LA-0003-9001
Gooch, Joel E. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0010 | ID-LA-0003-9001
Grodner, R. Marshall (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-9001
Gurley, Ronald K. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Halligan, Thomas S. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0008 | ID-LA-0003-0009
Jackson, Randall C. (Texas)
ID-LA-0003-0006
Jones, Louis M. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005 | ID-LA-0003-0006 | ID-LA-0003-0008
Kendall, Clarence F. II (Texas)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Long, Shelby K. (Texas)
ID-LA-0003-0006
O'Conner, Marjorie G. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0010 | ID-LA-0003-9001
Rienstra, John (Texas)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Screen, James P. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Thornton, James J. Jr. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005 | ID-LA-0003-0006 | ID-LA-0003-9001
Torry, Gerard N. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-9001
Walker, Harper (Texas)
ID-LA-0003-0006
Wegmann, Cynthia Anne (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Weigel, John J. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0006 | ID-LA-0003-9001
West, Dan E (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-9001
Wogan, John D. (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-0005
Other Lawyers Barrick, Andrew J. (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-9001
Ebbs, Nancy (District of Columbia)
ID-LA-0003-9001
Gallinghouse, S. Mark (Louisiana)
ID-LA-0003-9001

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