University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Evans v. Washington ID-DC-0001
Docket / Court 1:76-cv-00293-ESH-JMF ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Intellectual Disability (Facility)
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Case Summary
On February 23, 1976, six residents of Forest Haven, an institution operated by the District of Columbia for developmentally disabled persons, filed this lawsuit against the District's mayor and its Department of Human Resources. The lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the ... read more >
On February 23, 1976, six residents of Forest Haven, an institution operated by the District of Columbia for developmentally disabled persons, filed this lawsuit against the District's mayor and its Department of Human Resources. The lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia under the First, Fourth, Fifth, and Eighth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution; the Developmentally Disabled Assistance and Bill of Rights Act (42 U.S.C. § 6001 et seq.); and 32 D.C. Code § 601 et seq. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought declaratory, injunctive, and equitable relief on behalf of past and present residents of Forest Haven who would benefit from individual treatment and educational programs appropriate to their needs. Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged that Forest Haven had not provided a level of habilitation consistent with the Constitution by failing to supply a setting that was the least restrictive of the residents' personal liberty.

Shortly after the filing of the complaint, the United States was granted its motion to intervene as plaintiffs. Evans v. Washington, 459 F. Supp. 483 (D.D.C. 1978). Also, on June 3, 1976, the court (Judge John H. Pratt) granted the plaintiffs' motion for class certification. Evans v. Williams, 139 F. Supp. 2d 79, 84 (D.D.C. 2001).

On June 14, 1978, the court granted the plaintiffs' motion for partial summary judgment. Evans v. Washington, 459 F. Supp. 483, 484 (D.D.C. 1978). The court held that the District had violated the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment, which provided the plaintiff class with a constitutional right to habilitative care and treatment. Id. It then entered a decree governing virtually every aspect of the District's operation of Forest Haven. Id.; see also In re U.S., 925 F.2d 490, 1991 WL 17225, *1 (D.C. Cir. 1991). At its core, the decree required the deinstitutionalization of the residents and their placement in "community living arrangement[s] . . . together with such community-based day programs and services as are necessary to provide the resident[s] with minimally adequate habilitation." Evans v. Washington, 459 F. Supp. 483, 487 (D.D.C. 1978). In other words, for all intents and purposes, the judgment called for the closing of Forest Haven. Id.; see also Evans v. Williams, 206 F.3d 1292, 1293 (D.C. Cir. 2000). The judgment also required that the defendants, inter alia, draft an individualized habilitation plan for each resident as well as create and maintain procedures to monitor the defendant's compliance with the injunction. Evans v. Washington, 459 F. Supp. 483, 484, 486 (D. D.C., 1978). In 1981 and 1983, the district court entered additional consent orders reaffirming its 1978 order and further mandating the placement of all Forest Haven residents in community living arrangements by the end of fiscal year 1988. In re United States, 925 F.2d 490, 1991 WL 17225, *1 (D.C. Cir. 1991).

The Forest Haven facility was permanently closed in the late 1980s, but the case has remained open and continually active, as disputes regarding the execution of the consent orders and the alleged ongoing failure of the District of Columbia to provide adequate care in an integrated, least restrictive setting. On October 11, 1996, the Court appointed a Special Master, Margaret G. Farrell, to monitor and report on the District's compliance and to make recommendations to the court.

On March 14, 1999, The Washington Post ran an article characterizing the District's efforts to provide safe community-integrated group homes in a least-restrictive setting as having "fail[ed] completely." The article describes one of the group homes into which Forest Haven residents had been transferred as "roach-dappled," with broken furniture and doors hanging off their hinges, and where at least one resident known to be a sexual predator was roomed next door to one of his victims. (Washington Post, March 14, 1999).

On January 30, 2001, Clarence J. Sundram was appointed co-Special Master.

On March 30, 2001, the court (Judge Stanley S. Harris), pursuant to the recommendation of the Special Master in her "2001 Plan for Complainance and Conclusion of Evans v. Williams," entered a fourth consent order, in which the defendants agreed to create a nonprofit agency to, inter alia, provide independent monitoring of the services available to individuals with mental retardation and developmental disabilities. The defendants agreed to fund this agency by paying $31.5 million over eleven years, and again made extensive commitments to improve its practices and the services and living conditions available to mentally disabled citizens of the District of Columbia. Evans v. Williams, 139 F.Supp.2d 79, 83 (D. D.C. 2001).

On March 30, 2007, the Court found that there had been "systemic, continuous, and serious noncompliance with many of the Court's Orders," and held the District of Columbia to be in noncompliance. Evans v. Fenty, 480, F.Supp.2d 280, 325 (D.D.C.2007). The court again had the Special Master produce a report, 2009 Special Masters' Report, in which the Special Master also found the District in non-compliance, and recommended the appointment of an "Independent Compliance Administrator," who would bring the District into compliance.

On April 7, 2010, the Court Issued an Memorandum Opinion, detailing extensively the prior history of the litigation and the various consent orders up until that point, and denying a motion by the District of Columbia to have the existing consent orders vacated and to have the case closed. Evans v. Fenty, 701 F.Supp.2d 126 (D.D.C. 2010). This was appealed, and the appeal was dismissed. 2010 WL 3447241 (D.C. Cir. 2010).

On June 1, 2010, the Court adopted the 2009 Special Masters' Report's findings of fact and conclusions of law Evans v. Fenty, 714 F.Supp.2d 116 (D.D.C 2010). As a result of this decision, the Court approved on August 10, 2010, the Special Master's "2010 Revision to the 2001 Plan for Compliance and Conclusion of Evans v. Fenty."

On October 26, 2012, the court issued an order approving and adopting the Special Master's conclusion that the District of Columbia had achieved compliance in several areas, including the safe guarding of class member's person possessions, and some aspects of staff training. Evans v. Gray, 2012 WL 5305790, (D.D.C. 2012).

From 2013-2015, the court approved in full the reports and recommendations of the Special Master regarding various aspects of the consent decrees. These areas included protection from harm, vocational, residential, and day programs, as well as many other areas. See the documents for this case for a complete list.

On March 31, 2015, the court (Judge Ellen Segal Huvelle) approved and adopted in part the Special Master's report and recommendation regarding individualized habilitation plans. The court held that: 1) altering the 90% threshold for “high” compliance was unwarranted; 2) the defendants had complied with the occupational therapy services component of outcome criterion focused on implementation; but 3) the defendants failed to demonstrate compliance with the medical services component of outcome criterion focused on implementation; and 4) the defendants failed to demonstrate compliance with the criteria requiring assessment of residents' needs for services and mandating provision of certain adaptive equipment. 87 F. Supp. 3d 1 (D.D.C. 2015)

After more than thirty-five years after the initial consent order was entered, the District of Columbia appears still to be non-compliant with many other requirements of the multiple consent orders it agreed to. As of April 8, 2016, implementation is ongoing.

Note: Among the several awards of attorneys' fees and costs to the Plaintiffs was a consent order and judgment, filed on May 16, 2011, wherein the court approved an award of $4,000,000, covering fees and costs from April 1, 2006, to June 30, 2010. Because of the age of the case and because the court docket is incomplete, the Clearinghouse has not attempted to calculate the total amount of attorneys' fees awarded.

Jordan Rossen - 07/01/2011
Alex Colbert-Taylor - 06/17/2013
Jessica Kincaid - 04/08/2016


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals and Timekeeping
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Provide antidiscrimination training
Reasonable Accommodation
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Defendant-type
Hospital/Health Department
Disability
Integrated setting
Least restrictive environment
Mental impairment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Bathing and hygiene
Classification / placement
Conditions of confinement
Confinement/isolation
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Education
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Incident/accident reporting & investigations
Individualized planning
Loss or damage to property
Parents (visitation, involvement)
Reasonable Accommodations
Reasonable Modifications
Reassessment and care planning
Recreation / Exercise
Restraints : chemical
Restraints : physical
Sanitation / living conditions
School/University Facilities
School/University policies
Sexual abuse by residents/inmates
Special education
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Sterilization/sexual rights
Unconstitutional conditions of confinement
Visiting
Medical/Mental Health
Dental care
Medical care, general
Medication, administration of
Mental health care, general
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 15001 et seq.
State law
Defendant(s) District of Columbia
Plaintiff Description All residents of Forest Haven who were institutionalized based upon mental retardation and who could benefit from individual treatment and educational programs appropriate to their needs
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1976 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Case Studies From Institution To Inclusion: For D.C. residents with developmental disabilities, it’s been a decades-long fight to be treated like everyone else.
Written: Mar. 15, 2016
By: Martin Austermuhle (WAMU 88.5 News)
Citation: WAMU (March 15, 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:76-cv-00293-ESH-JMF (U.S. Court of Appeals) 05/11/2000
ID-DC-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
Westlaw
1:76-cv-00293-ESH-JMF (U.S. Court of Appeals) 08/27/2010
ID-DC-0001-9002.pdf | Detail
Westlaw
76-0293 (D.D.C.) 04/07/2016
ID-DC-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Exhibit 2001 Plan for Compliance and Conclusion
ID-DC-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Complaint 02/23/1976
ID-DC-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Judgment and Order 06/14/1978 (459 F.Supp. 483) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Order (Denying Plaintiffs' Petition for Immediate Enforcement of Permanent Injunction) 11/28/1990 (1990 WL 201488) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0025.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order (Denying Petitioner's Writ of Mandamus) 02/11/1991 (925 F.2d 490)
ID-DC-0001-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order (Affirming the Judgment of the District Court) 11/16/1992 (979 F.2d 248)
ID-DC-0001-0027.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order Adopting Proposed Findings of Fact of Special Master 08/02/1996 (1996 WL 451054 / 2006 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 61329) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order (Granting Plaintiffs’ Motion for Sanctions, Denying Defendants’ Motion for Modification of the 1983 Consent Order, etc.) 02/10/1999 (35 F.Supp.2d 88) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0023.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Writ in the Nature of Mandamus (Ordering the Family Division of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia to provide plaintiffs' counsel with access to the files maintained in the Family Division regarding the Evans class members) 08/20/1999 (1999 WL 1212884 / 1999 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 19106) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion (Reversing order of the district court and remanding case for further proceedings consistent with the opinion) 03/31/2000 (206 F.3d 1292)
ID-DC-0001-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion and Order (Approving the parties’ consent order and accompanying settlement agreement) 03/30/2001 (139 F.Supp.2d 79) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Consent Order (Regarding Plaintiff's Petition for Attorney's Fee and Defendant's Opposition) 06/06/2001 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Regarding Plaintiff's Petition for Attorney Fee's) 09/24/2001 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Judgment (Regarding Plaintiff's Claims for Attorney's Fees) 07/18/2002 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement 08/19/2002
ID-DC-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Amending Court's Order ) 09/29/2002 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Judgment (Regarding Plaintiff's Claims for Reasonable Attorney's Fees and Costs for Legal Work) 03/27/2003 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0013.pdf | Detail
Consent Judgment regarding Plaintiffs' Claims for Reasonable Attorney Fees 03/30/2006 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Denying Defendants’ Evidentiary Objections to Plaintiffs’ and Plaintiff Intervenor’s Exhibits in Support of their respective Proposed Findings of Fact) 08/30/2006 (238 F.R.D. 1) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0024.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion and Order (Granting Plaintiffs' Motion to Find the Defendants in Noncompliance and to Appoint a Receiver) 03/30/2007 (480 F.Supp.2d 280) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Declaration of Laura L. Nuss 10/07/2009
ID-DC-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order (Denying Defendants' Motion for Vacatur and Dismissal) 04/07/2010 (701 F.Supp.2d 126) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0022.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion (Rejecting Defendants' Objections to 2009 Special Masters' Report and Entitling Plaintiffs to Remedial Relief) 06/01/2010 (714 F.Supp.2d 116) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Order (Dismissing Clerk Note) 08/27/2010 (2010 WL 3447241)
ID-DC-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Order and Judgment (Granting Plaintiffs' Claims for Attorneys' Fees) 05/16/2011 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Approving and Adopting the Special Master's Reports and Recommendations) 10/26/2012 (2012 WL 5305790) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Order 05/01/2013 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 06/10/2013 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0031.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 06/10/2013 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0032.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/16/2013 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 11/27/2013 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/08/2014 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0035.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/10/2014 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0036.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 10/20/2014 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0037.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 11/25/2014 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 03/10/2015 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 03/31/2015 (87 F.Supp.3d 1) (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0040.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Bloomberg Law
Settlement Agreement and Consent Order 06/30/2015 (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0041.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Buckley, James Lane (D.C. Circuit)
ID-DC-0001-0029
Facciola, John M. Court not on record
ID-DC-0001-0024
Ginsburg, Douglas Howard (D.C. Circuit)
ID-DC-0001-0019
Harris, Stanley S. (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0020 | ID-DC-0001-0023 | ID-DC-0001-0026 | ID-DC-0001-0028
Huvelle, Ellen Segal (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0004 | ID-DC-0001-0006 | ID-DC-0001-0007 | ID-DC-0001-0008 | ID-DC-0001-0009 | ID-DC-0001-0010 | ID-DC-0001-0012 | ID-DC-0001-0013 | ID-DC-0001-0017 | ID-DC-0001-0021 | ID-DC-0001-0022 | ID-DC-0001-0030 | ID-DC-0001-0031 | ID-DC-0001-0032 | ID-DC-0001-0033 | ID-DC-0001-0034 | ID-DC-0001-0035 | ID-DC-0001-0036 | ID-DC-0001-0037 | ID-DC-0001-0038 | ID-DC-0001-0039 | ID-DC-0001-0040 | ID-DC-0001-0041 | ID-DC-0001-9000
Pratt, John Helm (D.D.C.)
ID-DC-0001-0018 | ID-DC-0001-0025
Randolph, Arthur Raymond (D.C. Circuit)
ID-DC-0001-0027
Sentelle, David Bryan (W.D.N.C., D.C. Circuit)
ID-DC-0001-0027 | ID-DC-0001-0029
Silberman, Laurence Hirsch (D.C. Circuit, FISCR)
ID-DC-0001-0019
Wald, Patricia McGowan (D.C. Circuit)
ID-DC-0001-0029
Williams, Karen J. (Fourth Circuit)
ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-0027
Monitors/Masters Farrell, Margaret G. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Sawyer, Kathy (Alabama)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Sundram, Clarence J. (New York)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Andalman, Elliottt Denbo (Maryland)
ID-DC-0001-0008 | ID-DC-0001-9000
Bagby, Kelly R. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0011 | ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-9000 | ID-DC-0001-9001
Bagenstos, Samuel R. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Bailey, Regan Monica (Maryland)
ID-DC-0001-0011 | ID-DC-0001-9000
Bernstein, Sandra J (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Catz, Robert S. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0003 | ID-DC-0001-0018
Costanzo, Cathy E. (Massachusetts)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Daniel, Susan G. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0018
Eubanks, Sharon Y (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Farano, Richard J. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Fernandez, Laura A. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Gross, Mark L. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9002
Hanlon, Stephen F (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Henderson, John A. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Jacobus, John L (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-9001
Katz, Daniel Adlai (Maryland)
ID-DC-0001-0008 | ID-DC-0001-9000
Kiernan, Paul J (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000 | ID-DC-0001-9002
Lawrence, R. Craig (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9002
Maddox, William G. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
McMillin, Richard S. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0003
Samberg-Champion, Sasha M. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9002
Scher, Howard S. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0003
Trainor, Cathleen (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Tulman, Joseph B. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0011 | ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-9000 | ID-DC-0001-9001
Wein, Gerald J. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0003
Weinstein, Laurie J. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Amato, Maria-Claudia T. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0008 | ID-DC-0001-0011 | ID-DC-0001-9000
Blecher, Matthew Robert (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Bolden, Melvin W. Jr. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-9000 | ID-DC-0001-9001
Dodge, John D (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Dorsch, Nancy R. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0018
Efros, Ellen A. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Gere, Elizabeth Sarah (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0041
Graham, Grace (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Infelise, Jeffery Thomas (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Lee, Bill Lann (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-9001
Love, Richard Stuart (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9002
Mann, Barbara J. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Masson, George T. Jr. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0018
Miller, Barbara A. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Mullen, Martha J. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Murasky, Donna M. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9002
Naso, Chad Alan (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Nickles, Peter J. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Prager, Lutz Alexander (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-9001
Racine, Karl A. (Maryland)
ID-DC-0001-0041
Reischel, Charles L. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-9001
Rigsby, Robert (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0019 | ID-DC-0001-9001
Schifferle, Carl James (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9002
Sulkowski, Sarah Ann (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Thorne, Linda F (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0019
Utiger, Robert C. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0008 | ID-DC-0001-9000
Other Lawyers Davis, Leslie Ann (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-0041 | ID-DC-0001-9000
Karambelas, Nicholas George (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Klise, Joseph Michael (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000 | ID-DC-0001-9002
Oberbroeckling, Laura Jean (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Ralston, David T. Jr. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000
Weiner, Robert N. (District of Columbia)
ID-DC-0001-9000

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -