University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name E.B. v. Young JI-VT-0001
Docket / Court 11-85 WNM ( State Court )
State/Territory Vermont
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Case Summary
Sometime before April 1985, juveniles confined in the Juvenile Detention Unit filed a class action lawsuit in the Washington County Superior Court, State of Vermont, against the director of the Juvenile Detention Unit and the Commissioner of Social and Rehabilitative Services. The class consisted ... read more >
Sometime before April 1985, juveniles confined in the Juvenile Detention Unit filed a class action lawsuit in the Washington County Superior Court, State of Vermont, against the director of the Juvenile Detention Unit and the Commissioner of Social and Rehabilitative Services. The class consisted of all juveniles in the custody of the state that were or would be confined in the Juvenile Detention Unit. The plaintiffs sought injunctive relief. Juveniles in Vermont were being placed in the Juvenile Detention Unit without any court proceedings to determine the appropriateness of the confinement.

On April 19, 1985, the Washington County Superior Court entered a Stipulation Of Facts, to which the parties had agreed. The Stipulation Of Facts included profiles of the named plaintiffs, a description of the policies and conditions at the Juvenile Detention Unit, and a description of the administrative procedures for placing a juvenile at the Juvenile Detention Unit.

On May 3, 1985, the Washington County Superior Court (Judge Alan W. Cheever) granted the plaintiffs a permanent injunction. The defendants were permanently enjoined from confining juveniles at the Juvenile Detention Unit without a court order or procedural safeguards. The court found that minimum due process safeguards were necessary, because confinement in the Juvenile Detention Unit deprived the juveniles of liberty. The defendants' practice and policy of confining juveniles without judicial review violated the due process guarantee of the Fourteenth Amendment, the Vermont State Constitution, and the Vermont Juvenile Law, 33 V.S.A. § 657.

The only documents we have regarding this case are the Stipulation of Facts and the court order.

Kaitlin Corkran - 05/24/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Classification / placement
Over/Unlawful Detention
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) Vermont Social and Rehabilitative Services
Plaintiff Description All juveniles in the custody of the State of Vermont who were or would be confined in the Juvenile Detention Unit.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1985 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Stipulation of Facts 04/19/1985
JI-VT-0001-0001 PDF | Detail
Order 05/09/1985
JI-VT-0001-0002 PDF | Detail
Correspondence 05/15/1991
JI-VT-0001-0003 PDF | Detail
Judges Cheever, Alan W. (State Trial Court)
JI-VT-0001-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Schatz, Kenneth A. (Vermont)
JI-VT-0001-0001
Sheil, Robert (Vermont)
JI-VT-0001-0003
Defendant's Lawyers Duane, Michael O. (Vermont)
JI-VT-0001-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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