University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Inmates of Boys' Training School v. Lindgren JI-RI-0001
Docket / Court 1:71-cv-04529-L-LDA ( D.R.I. )
State/Territory Rhode Island
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Attorney Organization ACLU National Prison Project
Case Summary
In 1971, a group of juvenile inmates filed suit in the United States District Court, in the District of Rhode Island pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 to challenge conditions of their confinement at the Rhode Island's Boys' Training School. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief, as ... read more >
In 1971, a group of juvenile inmates filed suit in the United States District Court, in the District of Rhode Island pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 to challenge conditions of their confinement at the Rhode Island's Boys' Training School. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as class certification.

In 1972, a temporary restraining order was entered by Judge Raymond Pettine and the matter was certified as a class action. On July 28, 1972, Judge Pettine issued an order finding that various practices at the institution violated the juveniles' due process rights. The court ordered reforms in the following areas: solitary confinement, minimal conditions of confinement, rehabilitative treatment, vocational training, psychiatric counseling and drug rehabilitation. 346 F.Supp. 1354 (D.R.I. 1972).

In 1973, the parties entered into a consent decree to resolve the disputed issues of overcrowding, a deteriorated and inadequate physical plant, insufficient staffing, and inadequate academic, vocational and physical education programs. The plaintiffs were identified as the prevailing party and attorneys' fees were awarded pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1988. A Special Master was appointed by Judge Pettine to oversee compliance with the consent decree.

A modification order was entered on August 9, 1977 after the defendants failed to comply with the decree provisions. 76 F.R.D. 115 (D.R.I. 1977).

We do not have information on case proceedings for the period of 1978 to 1997.

In 2000, attorneys for the ACLU and its National Prison Project entered the case on behalf of the plaintiffs.

On June 22, 2000, the district court (Senior Judge Ronald R. Lagueux) issued an Order (by consent of the parties) that modified and superseded all Consent Orders and modifications that had been previously entered by the court. The order specified continued reforms in the areas of mail, basic entitlements, religious observance, prison transfers, disciplinary procedures, classification, education and exercise. The order also identified four specific requirements to be achieved by the defendants for full compliance: (1) completion of the construction of a new juvenile facility; (2) full accreditation of the Rhode Island Training School for Youth by the American Correctional Association; (3) development and full implementation of a revised Policy and Procedures Manual; and (4) full continuous implementation of the administrative grievance procedure. The court also ordered Michael Keating, Jr. to continue in his appointment as Special Master.

Monitoring continued. The defendants refused to pay the ACLU's request for attorneys' fees and the ALCU filed a motion to intervene and a moved for payment of its attorneys' fees. On December 6, 2006, Senior Judge Ronald R. Lagueux granted the ACLU plaintiffs' motion to intervene, as well as the motion for approval of the payment and disbursement of attorneys' fees and costs. On July 11, 2007, Judge Lagueux ordered the defendants to pay $34,582.50 to the ACLU in legal fees as a result of the ACLU's work to secure the previously unpaid legal fees, rather than advocacy on behalf of the plaintiffs.

In 2014, the parties jointly moved to modify the existing consent decree in this case. On June 18, 2014, Judge Lagueux held that the parties had met the legal standard for the modification of the consent decree. The parties sought to modify the provision of the decree that stated that the Training School would secure full accreditation by the American Correctional Association. The parties claim that in the years since the provision was enacted the best practices in juvenile justice have changed dramatically, and they proposed to adopt another set of standards based on the Annie E. Casey Foundation's Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI) standards, which represented current best practices. The actual standards the parties proposed to adopt were referred to as "JDAI+ standards" because of additions and modifications to the original JDAI standards that were made to incorporate requirements of the consent decree.

Judge Lagueux also held that the parties' experts from the Center for Children's Law and Policy (CCLP) would determine whether or not the Training School was in substantial compliance with the JDAI+ standards. To do so CCLP would receive access to records from the Rhode Island Training School and the Rhode Island Department of Children, Youth and Families and be able to interview staff and youth at the facility.

On April 14, 2014, the Special Master had reported to the Court that three of the four elements of the consent decree had been substantially complied with. These elements were completion of construction of a new facility, development and full implementation of a revised Policy and Procedures Manual, and full continuous implementation of the administrative grievance procedure. The remaining element is the provision that had been modified under the June 18, 2014 order. The court held that once the defendants have reached substantial compliance with this new provision of the consent decree the mastership will be terminated and at that point the parties will jointly move to dismiss the case.

Dan Dalton - 02/24/2007
Anna Jones - 04/03/2016


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Affected Gender
Male
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
General
Classification / placement
Confinement/isolation
Disciplinary procedures
Education
Library (non-law) access
Recreation / Exercise
Religious programs / policies
Totality of conditions
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Boys' Training School for Youth
Plaintiff Description All inmates detained at the Rhode Island's Boys' Training School.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU National Prison Project
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1972 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
71-4529 (D.R.I.) 02/20/2007
JI-RI-0001-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion 07/28/1972 (346 F.Supp. 1354) (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0005 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 08/09/1977 (76 F.R.D. 115) (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0006 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Federal Court Order Concerning Terms and Conditions of Confinement for the Inmates of the RI Training School for Youth 01/15/1979 (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0001 PDF | Detail
Order 06/22/2000 (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0002 PDF | Detail
Decision and Order 12/05/2006 (465 F.Supp.2d 131) (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0003 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 01/10/2007 (2007 WL 2031536) (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0004 PDF | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order [motion by plaintiff granted] 07/11/2007 (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0007 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [motion granted] 09/11/2007 (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0008 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion to Amend 06/13/2014
JI-RI-0001-0009 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [granting motion to modify the consent decree] 06/18/2014 (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0010 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation [regarding access to plaintiff's protected information] 06/18/2014 (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0011 PDF | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Almond, Lincoln D. (D.R.I.) [Magistrate]
JI-RI-0001-9000
Lagueux, Ronald Rene (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0002 | JI-RI-0001-0003 | JI-RI-0001-0004 | JI-RI-0001-0007 | JI-RI-0001-0008 | JI-RI-0001-0010 | JI-RI-0001-0011 | JI-RI-0001-9000
Pettine, Raymond James (D.R.I.)
JI-RI-0001-0001 | JI-RI-0001-0005 | JI-RI-0001-0006
Monitors/Masters Keating , Joseph (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-9000
Lewis, Michael P. (District of Columbia)
JI-RI-0001-9000
Lopes, Matthew (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barton, Robert L. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Coen, Cary J. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
D'Addario, Richard P. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0006
Davidson, Michael (New York)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Dineen, John William (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0009 | JI-RI-0001-9000
Fathi, David Cyrus (District of Columbia)
JI-RI-0001-9000
Fettig, Amy (District of Columbia)
JI-RI-0001-0009 | JI-RI-0001-9000
Fisher, Barry A. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Freel, Mark W (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-9000
Hanson, Ellen C. (Missouri)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Jones, Mohamedu F. (District of Columbia)
JI-RI-0001-9000
King, Donald (Missouri)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Krause, Harold Jr. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Lee, Donna Hae Kyun (District of Columbia)
JI-RI-0001-9000
MacIver, Kenneth F. Jr. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
McGinn, V. Paul (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Musiker, Jean A (Massachusetts)
JI-RI-0001-0006
Vogel, Barry (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Wagner, Ann (New York)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Wood, Jennifer Louise (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Aucoin, Kevin J. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0009 | JI-RI-0001-9000
Avila, Forrest L. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0006
Bohan, Thomas (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-9000
Gallo, Bennett R. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Israel, Richard J. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Lombardi, Valentino D. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0006
Partington, Rebecca Tedford (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-9000
Ryan, Donald P. (Rhode Island)
JI-RI-0001-0005
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -