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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Hanna v. Toner JI-OH-0002
Docket / Court C78-1506 ( N.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
Case Summary
On November 13, 1978, four juvenile inmates of the Cuyahoga County Juvenile Detention Home (CCJDH) filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Cuyahoga County in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. The plaintiffs, represented by the Legal Aid Society of ... read more >
On November 13, 1978, four juvenile inmates of the Cuyahoga County Juvenile Detention Home (CCJDH) filed a class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Cuyahoga County in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. The plaintiffs, represented by the Legal Aid Society of Cleveland, alleged that their constitutional rights had been violated by physical abuse, lengthy solitary confinement without a hearing, deprivation of education, and inhumane conditions at CCJDH.

On May 22, 1979, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio (Judge Robert B. Krupansky) dismissed the plaintiffs' complaint sua sponte in reliance upon an obscure and rarely used abstention doctrine. The plaintiffs appealed. On September 2, 1980, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (Judge George Clifton Edwards, Jr.) reversed the district court's decision, holding that the dismissal of the case was improper, and remanded it back to the district court. Hanna v. Toner, 630 F.2d 442 (6th Cir. 1980). The defendants appealed. On February 23, 1981, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear the appeal. Toner v. Hanna, 450 U.S. 919 (1981).

On January 29, 1985, the district court (Judge Samuel H. Bell) approved a consent decree in the case. The decree contained agreements in the areas of staffing levels, staff training, individual care plans for each juvenile, plans for a special treatment unit, psychological assessments for each child, medical evaluations, education, nutrition, record keeping, clothing, chemical restraints, mechanical/psychiatric restraints, isolation, strip searches, use of holding rooms, admission procedures, and monitoring.

On April 8, 1985, the plaintiffs asked the district court to award them attorneys fees. On July 9, 1985, the parties settled the issue of attorneys fees and the district court (Judge Bell) dismissed the case.

Kristen Sagar - 11/13/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Confinement/isolation
Disciplinary procedures
Education
Sanitation / living conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Cuyahoga County Juvenile Detention Home
Plaintiff Description Juveniles inmates of the Cuyahoga County Juvenile Detention Home
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1985 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1985
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
C78-1506 (N.D. Ohio) 05/10/1994
JI-OH-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Opinion 09/02/1980 (630 F.2d 442)
JI-OH-0002-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Decision 02/23/1981 (450 U.S. 919)
JI-OH-0002-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Final Consent Order 10/03/1984 (N.D. Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
Order 07/06/1985 (N.D. Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Judges Bell, Samuel H. (N.D. Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0001 | JI-OH-0002-0002 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Edwards, George Clifton Jr. (Sixth Circuit)
JI-OH-0002-0003
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Albracht, Joselle (Texas)
JI-OH-0002-9000
Carter, Carolyn L. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0001 | JI-OH-0002-0002 | JI-OH-0002-0003 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Delbaum, Charles M. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-9000
Jones, C. Lyonel (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-9000
McTighe, Carolyn C. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-9000
Petrey, K. D. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-9000
Schwartz, Fred P. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0001 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Terry, Margaret L. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0002 | JI-OH-0002-0003 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Weeks, Thomas W. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0002 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Hoenigman, Richard A. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0002 | JI-OH-0002-9000
McCullough, George V. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0003 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Murphy, Patrick J. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0002 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Posner, Jeffrey (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0003 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Wyman, James G. (Ohio)
JI-OH-0002-0001 | JI-OH-0002-9000
Other Lawyers Frank, Geraldine (Missouri)
JI-OH-0002-0003
Swanger, Harry F. (Missouri)
JI-OH-0002-0003

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