University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name CRIPA Investigation, Miles City (MT) JI-MT-0001
Docket / Court No Court Case ( No Court )
State/Territory Montana
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Special Collection Civil Rights Division Archival Collection
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
In 1991 the U.S. Department of Justice opened an investigation of the Pine Hills School for Boys pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act 42 U.S. § 1997 et seq. Following two site visits in December 1991 and January 1992, the Justice Department issued a findings letter on ... read more >
In 1991 the U.S. Department of Justice opened an investigation of the Pine Hills School for Boys pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act 42 U.S. § 1997 et seq. Following two site visits in December 1991 and January 1992, the Justice Department issued a findings letter on September 28, 1992, which concluded that the conditions and policies at the facility violated the constitutional rights of the confined juveniles. The investigation revealed that there were not sufficient security personnel in place for adequate supervision, and as a result juveniles engaged in such dangerous activities as the inhalation of cleaning supplies, among other things. The fire safety precautions in the buildings, and cleanliness in the living and food service areas were deficient. The mental health care provided was inadequate; there was no psychiatric supervision of the medical services, the use of psychotropic medications was not consistent with generally accepted standards, and there was a high risk of suicide among the juveniles. Additionally, the investigation uncovered the misuse of seclusion after the inappropriate behavior of the juvenile had been adjusted, and the arbitrary imposition of discipline without appropriate monitoring.

The Department of Justice stated that remedial measures needed to be taken to ensure the constitutional rights of the confined juveniles. Those measures included the improvement of security measures and supervision of juveniles to ensure reasonably safe conditions were provided, the elimination of fire safety and sanitation hazards, the development and implementation of a mental health care system to meet the serious needs of the juveniles, the revision of standards for the use of seclusion, restraint, and the imposition of discipline, and the granting of access to telephones and writing materials that were required by constitutional standards.

We have no additional information on this investigation, or any communications or proceedings that may have followed.

Kristen Sagar - 11/08/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Male
General
Bathing and hygiene
Disciplinary procedures
Disciplinary segregation
Fire safety
Mail
Phone
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Suicide prevention
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Medication, administration of
Mental health care, general
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Pine Hills School for Boys
State of Montana
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Unknown
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Unknown
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Findings Letter re: Pine Hills School for Boys, Miles City, Montana 09/28/1992
JI-MT-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Judges None on record
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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