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Case Name State Board of Public Welfare v. Myers JI-MD-0002
Docket / Court 60-162 (Court of Appeals) ( State Court )
State/Territory Maryland
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Case Summary
On February 26, 1960, a thirteen-year-old African American juvenile filed a lawsuit on behalf of himself and others similarly situated against the Maryland Board of Public Welfare and the Boards of Managers of the Maryland Training School, Boys' Village, Montrose School for Girls, and Barrett ... read more >
On February 26, 1960, a thirteen-year-old African American juvenile filed a lawsuit on behalf of himself and others similarly situated against the Maryland Board of Public Welfare and the Boards of Managers of the Maryland Training School, Boys' Village, Montrose School for Girls, and Barrett School for Girls. The claim, arising under the Fourteenth Amendment, asked for declaratory relief from the reformatory schools' policy of racial segregation. The Baltimore City Circuit Court (Judge Charles E. Moylan) granted declaratory relief to the plaintiff on July 6, 1960, holding that the schools' racial segregation policies were in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment and adverse to the Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

The defendants appealed, arguing that a reformatory school was more analogous to a prison than a public school and, thus, the Brown decision was inapplicable. The Maryland Court of Appeals (Judge Henderson) affirmed and modified the District Court's ruling. State Board of Public Welfare v. Myers, 167 A.2d 765 (Md. 1961). The Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment bars racial segregation in state-run schools regardless of their type. However, because the defendant was ineligible for admission to two of the schools on account of his sex, he lacked standing as to the operation of these schools for girls. The decree was modified to include only the Board of Maryland Training School and the Board of Public Welfare on February 1, 1961.

Stacey Jensen - 05/16/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Education
Racial segregation
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action None on record
Defendant(s) Maryland Board of Public Welfare
Maryland Training Schools
Plaintiff Description African-American juveniles at five Maryland reform schools
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1960 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1961
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing JI-AL-0002 : Crum v. State Training School for Girls (N.D. Ala.)
Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion 02/07/1961 (167 A.2d 765)
JI-MD-0002-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Brune, Frederick W. (State Supreme Court)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Hammond, Hall (State Appellate Court)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Henderson, William L. (State Appellate Court)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Horney, William R. (State Appellate Court)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Prescott, Stedman (State Supreme Court)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Dearing, Tucker R. (Maryland)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Greenberg, Jack (New York)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Marshall, Thurgood (District of Columbia)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Mitchell, Juanita Jackson (Maryland)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Murphy, Robert C. (Maryland)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Sybert, C. Ferdinand (Maryland)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Other Lawyers Weidemeyer, C. Maurice (Maryland)
JI-MD-0002-0001
Williams, George Washington (Maryland)
JI-MD-0002-0001

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