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Case Name Singleton v. Board of Commissioners JI-FL-0001
Docket / Court Civ. Action No. 963 ( N.D. Fla. )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Case Summary
Black inmates of the Florida state reform schools filed a class-action lawsuit against the Board of Commissioners of the schools in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida in November of 1963. Plaintiffs were seeking to enjoin racial segregation in the schools and to ... read more >
Black inmates of the Florida state reform schools filed a class-action lawsuit against the Board of Commissioners of the schools in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida in November of 1963. Plaintiffs were seeking to enjoin racial segregation in the schools and to have the practice declared unconstitutional.

The plaintiffs were juveniles who were detained in the segregated system after being arrested and charged with trespass for sitting in a segregated restaurant. Plaintiffs were represented by private attorneys.

The case was subsequently transferred to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida, were the official residences of the Board and other named defendants were located. The district court dismissed the case, holding that the plaintiffs lacked standing because they were no longer inmates.

On February 15, 1966, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (Judge Wisdom) reversed the decision of the district court, holding that the plaintiffs' probationary status gave them standing. Singleton v. Board of Comm'rs, 356 F.2d 771 (5th Cir. 1966). The Court of Appeals remanded the case.

On October 5, 1966, the district court (Judge G. Harrold Carswell) ordered the Board of Commissioners to present a desegregation plan to the court by December 5, 1966. The Board presented a detailed plan on that date. The plan was approved and on September 6, 1967, the district court (Judge Carswell) ordered the Board to file progress reports with the court. In October of 1969, the Board moved for final judgment holding that it had complied with the September 1967 order and that there were no further judiciable issues present in the case. The district court took the motion under advisement pending further progress reports. On March 5, 1971, the district court (Judge David L. Middlebrooks) dismissed the case.

Angela Heverling - 06/06/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Racial segregation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Board of Commissioners of State Institutions
Plaintiff Description Black inmates of the Florida state reform schools.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Confession of Judgment
Order Duration 1967 - 1971
Case Closing Year 1971
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
63-963 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 08/24/1964
JI-FL-0001-9001 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 11/12/1963
JI-FL-0001-0032 PDF | Detail
Motion to Transfer Venue 11/29/1963
JI-FL-0001-0033 PDF | Detail
Motion for Preliminary Injunction 12/23/1963
JI-FL-0001-0034 PDF | Detail
Order Transferring Cause to Northern District of Florida 01/08/1964 (M.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0035 PDF | Detail
Petition for Release of Juveniles Willie Carl Singleton, Samuel White, Audrey Nell Edwards and Joann Anderson 01/14/1964
JI-FL-0001-0036 PDF | Detail
Request to Enter Default 02/11/1964
JI-FL-0001-0037 PDF | Detail
Motion to Dismiss 02/14/1964
JI-FL-0001-0038 PDF | Detail
Motion for Default Judgment 03/11/1964
JI-FL-0001-0039 PDF | Detail
Order 04/09/1964 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0040 PDF | Detail
Petition for Reconsideration 04/21/1964
JI-FL-0001-0041 PDF | Detail
Order 04/21/1964 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0042 PDF | Detail
Plaintiffs' Memorandum in Opposition to Defendants' Petition for Reconsideration 05/15/1964
JI-FL-0001-0043 PDF | Detail
Response to Plaintiffs' Memorandum in Opposition to Defendants' Petition for Reconsideration 05/22/1964
JI-FL-0001-0044 PDF | Detail
Reply to Defendants' Response to Plaintiffs' Memorandum 05/27/1964
JI-FL-0001-0045 PDF | Detail
Re: Willie Carl Singleton et al., vs. Board of Commissioners of State Institutions 07/17/1964
JI-FL-0001-0046 PDF | Detail
Order 08/07/1964 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0047 PDF | Detail
Notice of Appeal 08/13/1964
JI-FL-0001-0048 PDF | Detail
Plan of Desegregation 01/01/1966 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0001 PDF | Detail
Exhibits A-D 01/01/1966
JI-FL-0001-0002 PDF | Detail
Opinion 02/15/1966 (356 F.2d 771)
JI-FL-0001-0058 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judgment 03/17/1966
JI-FL-0001-0003 PDF | Detail
Answer 08/18/1966
JI-FL-0001-0005 PDF | Detail
Interrogatories 09/01/1966
JI-FL-0001-0006 PDF | Detail
Supplemental Interrogatories 09/09/1966
JI-FL-0001-0007 PDF | Detail
Notice of Hearing 09/09/1966
JI-FL-0001-0008 PDF | Detail
Objection to Interrogatories 09/09/1966
JI-FL-0001-0053 PDF | Detail
Additional Supplemental Interrogatories 09/15/1966
JI-FL-0001-0010 PDF | Detail
Notice of Hearing 09/16/1966
JI-FL-0001-0009 PDF | Detail
Objection to Supplemental Interrogatories; Objection to Additional Supplemental Interrogatories 09/16/1966
JI-FL-0001-0054 PDF | Detail
Pre-Trial Order 10/06/1966 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0011 PDF | Detail
Proposed Plan 12/05/1966
JI-FL-0001-0012 PDF | Detail
Notice of Appearance 12/14/1966
JI-FL-0001-0056 PDF | Detail
Objections to Defendants' Desegregation Plan 01/10/1967
JI-FL-0001-0013 PDF | Detail
Interrogatories 01/10/1967
JI-FL-0001-0055 PDF | Detail
Objections to Interrogatories 01/17/1967
JI-FL-0001-0015 PDF | Detail
Exhibit 1: Senate Bill No. 65 05/16/1967
JI-FL-0001-0016 PDF | Detail
Motion for an Order in Accordance with this Court's Ruling from the Bench on February 6th, 1967 07/14/1967
JI-FL-0001-0057 PDF | Detail
Order 09/06/1967 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0017 PDF | Detail
Progress Report 03/21/1969
JI-FL-0001-0019 PDF | Detail
Notice of Appearance 09/11/1969
JI-FL-0001-0020 PDF | Detail
Motion for Final Judgment 10/09/1969
JI-FL-0001-0021 PDF | Detail
Memorandum of Law to Accompany Motion for Final Judgment 10/09/1969
JI-FL-0001-0022 PDF | Detail
Supplemental Memorandum of Law 01/29/1970
JI-FL-0001-0023 PDF | Detail
Order 02/03/1970 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0024 PDF | Detail
Memorandum re: Integration Compliance 02/19/1970
JI-FL-0001-0050 PDF | Detail
Distribution of Population for Junior and Senior Campuses 02/20/1970
JI-FL-0001-0051 PDF | Detail
Report on Integration Compliance 02/20/1970
JI-FL-0001-0052 PDF | Detail
Plaintiffs' Objections to Defendants' Desegregation Plan 03/04/1970
JI-FL-0001-0025 PDF | Detail
Progress Report 03/25/1970
JI-FL-0001-0026 PDF | Detail
Reply to Plaintiff's Obejections Pursuant to Court Order 03/27/1970
JI-FL-0001-0027 PDF | Detail
Amended Reply to Plaintiff's objections Pursuant to Court Order 04/02/1970
JI-FL-0001-0028 PDF | Detail
Order & Compliance Reports 08/06/1970 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0029 PDF | Detail
Progress Report 02/12/1971
JI-FL-0001-0030 PDF | Detail
Order 03/05/1971 (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0031 PDF | Detail
Judges Carswell, George Harrold (Fifth Circuit, N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0011 | JI-FL-0001-0017 | JI-FL-0001-0040 | JI-FL-0001-0042 | JI-FL-0001-0046 | JI-FL-0001-0047
Middlebrooks, David Lycurgus Jr. (N.D. Fla.)
JI-FL-0001-0024 | JI-FL-0001-0029 | JI-FL-0001-0031
Phillips, Orie Leon (Tenth Circuit, D.N.M.)
JI-FL-0001-0003
Tuttle, Arthur J. (E.D. Mich.)
JI-FL-0001-0003
Wisdom, John Minor (Fifth Circuit)
JI-FL-0001-0003 | JI-FL-0001-0058
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Clark, Leroy D. (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0030 | JI-FL-0001-0048 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0057 | JI-FL-0001-0058
Drew, Sylvia (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0025
Greenberg, Jack (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0025 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0030 | JI-FL-0001-0032 | JI-FL-0001-0039 | JI-FL-0001-0045 | JI-FL-0001-0048 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0057 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Johnson, Earl M. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0023 | JI-FL-0001-0025 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0030 | JI-FL-0001-0032 | JI-FL-0001-0034 | JI-FL-0001-0035 | JI-FL-0001-0036 | JI-FL-0001-0037 | JI-FL-0001-0039 | JI-FL-0001-0043 | JI-FL-0001-0045 | JI-FL-0001-0047 | JI-FL-0001-0048 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0057 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Marshall, Reese (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0023
Motley, Constance Baker (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0032 | JI-FL-0001-0039 | JI-FL-0001-0045 | JI-FL-0001-0048 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Nabrit, James M. III (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0025
Rush, Sheila (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0030 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0056
White, Franklin E. (New York)
JI-FL-0001-0057
Defendant's Lawyers Ervin, Richard W. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0033 | JI-FL-0001-0034 | JI-FL-0001-0035 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Faircloth, Earl (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0005 | JI-FL-0001-0006 | JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0019 | JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0021 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0023 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0057
Kynes, James W. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0038 | JI-FL-0001-0041 | JI-FL-0001-0043 | JI-FL-0001-0044 | JI-FL-0001-0046 | JI-FL-0001-0056 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Mager, Gerald (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0005 | JI-FL-0001-0006 | JI-FL-0001-0007 | JI-FL-0001-0008 | JI-FL-0001-0009 | JI-FL-0001-0010 | JI-FL-0001-0012 | JI-FL-0001-0015 | JI-FL-0001-0033 | JI-FL-0001-0034 | JI-FL-0001-0038 | JI-FL-0001-0041 | JI-FL-0001-0043 | JI-FL-0001-0044 | JI-FL-0001-0046 | JI-FL-0001-0047 | JI-FL-0001-0053 | JI-FL-0001-0054 | JI-FL-0001-0055 | JI-FL-0001-0056 | JI-FL-0001-0058 | JI-FL-0001-9001
Maxwell, S. Strome (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0030
Pacyna, P. A. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0020 | JI-FL-0001-0021 | JI-FL-0001-0022 | JI-FL-0001-0023 | JI-FL-0001-0025 | JI-FL-0001-0026 | JI-FL-0001-0027 | JI-FL-0001-0028
Schwartz, Michael (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0019
Shevin, Robert L. (Florida)
JI-FL-0001-0030
Other Lawyers None on record

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