University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Manney v. Cabell JI-CA-0007
Docket / Court 79-2360 ( C.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Case Summary
Sometime before May 1976, juvenile males awaiting detention hearings, trial, or transfer to treatment facilities in the Central Juvenile Hall, Los Angeles County, California, filed a class action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. ... read more >
Sometime before May 1976, juvenile males awaiting detention hearings, trial, or transfer to treatment facilities in the Central Juvenile Hall, Los Angeles County, California, filed a class action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. The plaintiffs, who were represented by the Western Center on Law and Poverty, petitioned the court for injunctive relief from numerous violations of United States and California constitutional rights caused by jail overcrowding and conditions.

The United States District Court for the Central District of California (Judge Manual L. Real) issued a preliminary injunction regarding overcrowding on May 10, 1976, which was modified December 12, 1976. On April 12, 1976, the District Court (Judge Real) issued an order and judgment listing guidelines for treatment of juvenile detainees awaiting hearings, trial, or transfer, including jail capacity, access to toilets and showers, privacy when showering, and sleeping facilities.

On appeal, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge Procter Ralph Hug, Jr.) vacated and remanded, concluding the federal courts should abstain from creating guidelines for state juvenile jails. Manney v. Cabell, 654 F.2d 1280 (9th Cir. 1980). Specifically, the lawsuit (1) addressed a state concern which federal courts should not intrude upon, (2) did not require interpretation of the Constitution, and (3) construed California law not previously interpreted by State court. The Ninth Circuit denied the inmates' petition for rehearing or rehearing en banc on August 27, 1981. We do not have the docket or any further information on the case.

Elizabeth Chilcoat - 05/15/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Male
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Bathing and hygiene
Sanitation / living conditions
Totality of conditions
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) California Department of Corrections
Los Angeles County
Plaintiff Description juvenile males awaiting detention hearings, trial, or transfer to treatment facilities in the Central Juvenile Hall, Los Angeles County, California
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1976 - 1980
Case Closing Year 1981
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion 04/29/1980 (654 F.2d 1280)
JI-CA-0007-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Hug, Procter Ralph Jr. (Ninth Circuit)
JI-CA-0007-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Wise , Erich P. (California)
JI-CA-0007-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Bennett, Frederick R. (California)
JI-CA-0007-0001
Hickok, Philip H. (California)
JI-CA-0007-0001
Larson, John H. (California)
JI-CA-0007-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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