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Case Name Stockton v. Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children JI-AL-0004
Docket / Court 2834N ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Case Summary
On January 23, 1969, African-American juveniles brought a class action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, challenging the conditions of confinement at the Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children. Plaintiffs alleged equal protection and ... read more >
On January 23, 1969, African-American juveniles brought a class action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, challenging the conditions of confinement at the Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children. Plaintiffs alleged equal protection and due process violations and sought declaratory and injunctive relief. The U.S. Department of Justice [DOJ] intervened in the action as a party plaintiff on November 11, 1969.

Following discovery, the parties resolved the case by way of a Consent Decree. The Decree, entered July 23, 1971 by District Judge Johnson, called for the Alabama Industrial School (formerly known as the Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children) was ordered to accept male juvenile delinquents between the ages of I5 and 18, without regard to race. The Decree also called for reforms in the areas of education and rehabilitation, vocational programs, staffing levels and qualifications, corporal punishment, discipline and medical and health care. It also set maximum capacity levels.

The District Court ordered the file administratively closed on October 5, 1972.

On December 6, 1975, defendants filed a motion to modify the Court's decree of July 23, 1971. By order of the District Court dated January 6, 1976, the 1971 Decree was modified, so as to allow defendants to place committed students in training schools on the basis of need and not restrict such placements to sex and age.

We have no further information on this case.

Dan Dalton - 02/26/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Disciplinary procedures
Education
Racial segregation
Rehabilitation
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, unspecified
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Alabama Industrial School (f/k/a Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children)
Plaintiff Description All juveniles detained at the Alabama Industrial School for Negro Children.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1970 - 1976
Case Closing Year 1976
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
2834 (M.D. Ala.) 01/06/1976
JI-AL-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Complaint 01/23/1969
JI-AL-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Complaint in Intervention 11/06/1969
JI-AL-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Verified Proposed Finding of Fact of the United States 07/19/1971
JI-AL-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Decree 07/23/1971 (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Order 07/23/1971 (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Order 10/05/1972 (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-0006.pdf | Detail
United States' Proposed Conclusions of Law 07/19/1974
JI-AL-0004-0010.pdf | Detail
Order 01/06/1976 (M.D. Ala.)
JI-AL-0004-0011.pdf | Detail
Correspondence 04/15/1977
JI-AL-0004-0012.pdf | Detail
Notice of Closing File 03/21/1979
JI-AL-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Correspondence 07/30/1997
JI-AL-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Judges Johnson, Frank Minis Jr. (Fifth Circuit, M.D. Ala., Eleventh Circuit)
JI-AL-0004-0004 | JI-AL-0004-0006 | JI-AL-0004-0011
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers De Ment, Ira (Alabama)
JI-AL-0004-0001 | JI-AL-0004-0002 | JI-AL-0004-0009 | JI-AL-0004-0010 | JI-AL-0004-9000
Lawrence, Paul S. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0007
Leonard, Jerris (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0001
Mitchell, John N. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0001
Rosenberg, John M. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0001
Stoiber, Carlton R. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0002 | JI-AL-0004-0010
Thrasher, Louis M. (District of Columbia)
JI-AL-0004-0012
Defendant's Lawyers Lavender, Claud W. Jr. (Alabama)
JI-AL-0004-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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