University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name Phillips v. Weeks JC-AR-0005
Docket / Court 72-26 ( E.D. Ark. )
State/Territory Arkansas
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
In January 1972, plaintiffs filed a class action lawsuit in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas, alleging a pattern and practice of police brutality towards African-American visitors to Little Rock, Arkansas. The class consisted of all black persons who ever resided or visited ... read more >
In January 1972, plaintiffs filed a class action lawsuit in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas, alleging a pattern and practice of police brutality towards African-American visitors to Little Rock, Arkansas. The class consisted of all black persons who ever resided or visited the City of Little Rock, Arkansas. The trial began in December of 1974 and lasted 30 days. No pattern and practice of police brutality was found, but some specific incidents were substantiated. The parties tried to reach a consent decree regarding declaratory relief, but were unable to reach agreement, and on June 21, 1983, the court (Judge Garnett Eisele) issued a Memorandum Opinion addressing the unresolved issues. The court found that the lawsuit had led to changes in some of the police procedures, but did not rule for the plaintiffs on every issue. In that opinion, the judge noted that this lawsuit was a necessary and important factor in the defendant's decision to integrate the jail.

Following the Memorandum Opinion, the only outstanding issue was attorney's fees. The court (Judge Eisele) held that plaintiffs, who were partially successful in prevailing, were entitled to an award of fees. Phillips v. Weeks, 586 F. Supp 241 (E.D. Ark. 1984). The court then ordered the case dismissed.

Ben Kelly - 02/18/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Racial segregation
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Little Rock Police Department
Plaintiff Description all black persons who ever resided or visited the City of Little Rock, Arkansas
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 1984
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion 02/01/1984 (586 F.Supp. 241) (E.D. Ark.)
JC-AR-0005-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Eisele, Garnett Thomas (E.D. Ark.)
JC-AR-0005-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Sloan, James L. (Arkansas)
JC-AR-0005-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Mays, Richard (Arkansas)
JC-AR-0005-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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