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Case Name Jackson v. Hendrick JC-PA-0010
Docket / Court 767 C.D. 1997 ( State Court )
State/Territory Pennsylvania
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
In 1973, inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System, represented by private counsel, filed a class action suit in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia against prison officials. Plaintiffs alleged that due to overcrowding, the conditions of confinement in the Philadelphia prison system ... read more >
In 1973, inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System, represented by private counsel, filed a class action suit in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia against prison officials. Plaintiffs alleged that due to overcrowding, the conditions of confinement in the Philadelphia prison system constituted a violation of the Eighth Amendment.

Following an evidentiary hearing, the District Court (Judge Donald Jamieson) issued an order decreeing that the prison system as presently operated was in violation of the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Judge Jamieson appointed a master to review the conditions and to file a report and recommendation to assist the court in framing its final decree. Defendants appealed.

On appeal, the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania (Judge Bowman) affirmed in part and reversed and remanded in part. The court held that current conditions did constitute cruel and unusual punishment, but also held that the lower court erred by appointing a master. Hendrick v. Jackson, 309 A.2d 187 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 1973).

In 1976, the court issued a remedial decree specifically designed to maintain the prison population at an acceptable level. The decree was modified in 1980 and 1981. In 1982, litigation continued over a provision of the decree that allowed for certain violent prisoners to be released after posting bail. The District Attorney of Philadelphia sought leave to intervene, but was denied by the court. The district attorney appealed to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, but the court affirmed the lower court ruling finding that the district attorney's petition was not timely. Jackson v. Hendrick, 446 A.2d 226 (Pa. 1982).

Because this is a state case, we don't have the docket for this case, and therefore our information ends with the most recent decision, dated May 25, 1982.

Eoghan Keenan - 06/10/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Totality of conditions
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Philadelphia Prison System
Plaintiff Description inmates of the Philadelphia Prison System
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1973 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Case Listing JC-PA-0001 : Harris v. City of Philadelphia (E.D. Pa.)
JC-PA-0020 : Bowers v. City of Philadelphia (E.D. Pa.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Litigating Prison Conditions in Philadelphia
By: David Rudovsky (University of Pennsylvania Law School)
Citation: 65 Prison J. 64 (1985)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion 08/31/1973 (309 A.2d 187)
JC-PA-0010-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion of the Court 07/01/1974 (321 A.2d 603)
JC-PA-0010-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion of the Court 05/25/1982 (446 A.2d 226)
JC-PA-0010-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 02/14/1983 (456 A.2d 229)
JC-PA-0010-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 01/16/1986 (503 A.2d 400)
JC-PA-0010-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 03/27/1998 (710 A.2d 102)
JC-PA-0010-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 02/24/1999 (737 A.2d 745)
JC-PA-0010-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Opinion Announcing the Judgment of the Court 02/22/2000 (746 A.2d 574)
JC-PA-0010-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 12/08/2000 (764 A.2d 1139)
JC-PA-0010-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 07/17/2001 (782 A.2d 550)
JC-PA-0010-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Judges Bowman, James S. (State Trial Court)
JC-PA-0010-0001
Doyle, Joseph T. (State Trial Court)
JC-PA-0010-0004
Flaherty, John P. Jr. (State Supreme Court)
JC-PA-0010-0007
Friedman, Daniel Mortimer (, Fed. Circuit)
JC-PA-0010-0008
Friedman, Rochelle [Shelly] S. (State Appellate Court)
JC-PA-0010-0006
Nix, Robert N.C. Jr. (State Supreme Court)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Roberts, Samuel J. (State Supreme Court)
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0003
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Beck, John A. (New York)
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0004
Bronstein, Donald S. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0004 | JC-PA-0010-0005
Endy, Bruce E. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0001 | JC-PA-0010-0003
Kairys, David (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0003
Wenk, Joseph (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Berman, Marcia (District of Columbia)
JC-PA-0010-0007 | JC-PA-0010-0008
Biondo, Dennis R. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Clark, Tama (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0004 | JC-PA-0010-0004
Donaldson, Matthew S. Jr. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Feder, Richard (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0006 | JC-PA-0010-0007
Franklin-Suber, Stephanie L. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0007
Gallant, Kenneth S. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0002
Gold, Richard J. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Halsted, John S. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Henson, Eric B. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0004 | JC-PA-0010-0005
Mather, Barbara W. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Mattioni, John (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0001 | JC-PA-0010-0003
McNamara, James M. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Myers, John M. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0004
Neuhauser, Gregory R. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Panarella, Nicholas Jr. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0003
Penny, James M. Jr. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0003
Rendell, Edward G. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0004
Rudovsky, David (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0001 | JC-PA-0010-0002 | JC-PA-0010-0003 | JC-PA-0010-0004 | JC-PA-0010-0005 | JC-PA-0010-0006 | JC-PA-0010-0007 | JC-PA-0010-0008
Sellitto, August V. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Sklar, S. Jay (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0001
Stubbs, Jonathan K. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0004
Vilim, Guy (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Weinberg, Martin (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0003
Wentz, Frederick M. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0005
Other Lawyers Tate, Mercer D. (Pennsylvania)
JC-PA-0010-0003

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