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Case Name Brad H. v. City of New York JC-NY-0017
Docket / Court 117882/99 ( State Court )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
Inmates at Rikers Island in New York brought a class action lawsuit in the Supreme Court of New York County, New York (state court), against jail officials, for violations of the state constitution and state mental health statutes. The inmates proposed defining the class as themselves and all ... read more >
Inmates at Rikers Island in New York brought a class action lawsuit in the Supreme Court of New York County, New York (state court), against jail officials, for violations of the state constitution and state mental health statutes. The inmates proposed defining the class as themselves and all other current and future inmates confined in the City Jails for more than 24 hours, who during their confinement receive treatment for mental illness. The inmates moved for a preliminary injunction enjoining the defendants to provide the class with adequate discharge planning in compliance with the state constitution and statutes.

On July 12, 2000, the court (Judge Richard Braun) held that the inmates could be certified as a class, but that the definition of the class was to be narrowed so as to only include those who would be entitled to treatment under state law. Brad H. v. City of New York, 712 N.Y.S.2d 336 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2000). The court also held that the inmate class was entitled to the preliminary injunction, enjoining the defendants to provide adequate discharge planning in accordance with state law. The defendants appealed and on October 31, 2000 the Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division (Judge P.J. Sullivan) affirmed the decision of the lower court. Brad H. v City of New York, 716 N.Y.S.2d 852 (N.Y. App. Div. 2000). On March 1, 2001, the Appellate Division denied the defendants' leave to appeal to the Court of Appeals.

The inmates filed a motion for contempt alleging that the officials failed to comply with the preliminary injunction. In connection with the motion for contempt, the inmates filed a motion for various items of discovery including medical records of inmates. On June 26, 2001 the Supreme Court (Judge Braun) ordered that the records be turned over to the court by July 9, 2001. Brad H. v. City of New York, 729 N.Y.S2d 348 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2001).

The parties settled and the court approved the settlement agreement after a fairness hearing. The settlement required that class members eligible for reactivation of Medicaid benefits be reactivated as of the later of the release date or the date pre-screening was completed, and provided for court appointed monitors.

The defendants moved to have the settlement modified so that the reactivation would be required the later of the release date or seven days after the pre-screening was completed. On November 12, 2003 the court (Judge Braun) found that the current settlement would force the defendants to act illegally under state law, and therefore modified the settlement to be in compliance with state law. Brad H. v. City of New York, No. 117882/99, 2003 WL 22721558 (N.Y. Sup. Nov. 12, 2003).

A year or so later the defendants moved for an order declaring that the monitors were not permitted to asses their performance with regards to inmates in the forensic units at state mental hospitals because they were not covered by the settlement agreement. On April 18, 2005, the court (Judge Braun) denied the motion. Brad H. v. City of New York, 801 N.Y.S.2d 230 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2005). The court held that the settlement was not ambiguous and clearly covered the inmates in the forensic units at the mental hospitals.

Implementation proceeded, though the monitors' reports demonstrate substantial compliance difficulties. In April 2007, four years into the five-year period covered by the settlement, Class Counsel notified the City that the plaintiffs believed Defendants had failed to comply with the terms of the settlement, and that unless remedial actions cured those failures, plaintiffs planned to return to Court for enforcement. A hearing was held in the City Council on the topic.

As of May 2009, the docket sheet reveals only subsequent status conferences; the case is ongoing.

[Pending update, here's what the AP reported on April 18:
Justice Geoffrey Wright extended the requirements of the 2003 settlement agreement another two years, told the city to fill clinical and nonclinical staff positions and asked them to implement a plan to review how well the discharge process was working. Wright also ruled that the city must better coordinate clinical staff who treat inmates and staff who plan an inmate's discharge.

The settlement was reached in 2003 but the inmates' lawyers brought a motion in 2009, when it was set to expire, arguing the city wasn't following portions of it.

In 2011, an appeals court ruled against the city, which had argued the 2009 motion was filed after the settlement had expired. Plaintiff's attorneys argued again in 2012 that the settlement should be enforced.]

Kristen Sagar - 05/02/2009


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Medical/Mental Health
Mental health care, general
Mental health care, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action State law
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) New York City
Plaintiff Description Current and future inmates confined at Rikers Island for more than 24 hours, entitled to treatment for mental illness under state law.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2000 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
117882/1999 (State Trial Court) 01/28/2009
JC-NY-0017-9000 PDF | Detail
Westlaw
General Documents
Complaint 08/24/1999
JC-NY-0017-0004 PDF | Detail
Reported Opinion 07/12/2000 (712 N.Y.S.2d 336)
JC-NY-0017-0022 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 10/31/2000 (276 A.D.2d 440)
JC-NY-0017-0023 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Opinion 06/26/2001 (729 N.Y.S.2d 348)
JC-NY-0017-0024 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Stipulation of Settlement 01/08/2003
JC-NY-0017-0001 PDF | Detail
[Order] 06/05/2003
JC-NY-0017-0020 PDF | Detail
Document Source: State Court Website
Opinion 11/12/2003 (2003 WL 22721558 / 2003 N.Y.Misc.LEXIS 1446)
JC-NY-0017-0021 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Special Report of the Compliance Monitors 11/17/2003
JC-NY-0017-0003 PDF | Detail
Second Quarterly Report of the Compliance Monitors 12/08/2003
JC-NY-0017-0002 PDF | Detail
Third Quarterly Report of the Compliance Monitors 03/08/2004
JC-NY-0017-0005 PDF | Detail
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 2- Opinion 03/22/2004
JC-NY-0017-0008 PDF | Detail
Fourth Quarterly Report of the Compliance Monitors 06/07/2004
JC-NY-0017-0006 PDF | Detail
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 1- Summary of Prior Recommendations 06/07/2004
JC-NY-0017-0007 PDF | Detail
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 3- Performance Measures 06/07/2004
JC-NY-0017-0009 PDF | Detail
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 4- Performance Measure and Data Worksheet 06/07/2004
JC-NY-0017-0010 PDF | Detail
Fourth Quarterly Report: Appendix 6- Summary of Current Recommendations 06/07/2004
JC-NY-0017-0011 PDF | Detail
Fifth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors 10/13/2004
JC-NY-0017-0012 PDF | Detail
Fifth Regular Report: Appendix 4- Summary of Performance 10/13/2004
JC-NY-0017-0013 PDF | Detail
Sixth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors 02/07/2005
JC-NY-0017-0014 PDF | Detail
Opinion 04/18/2005 (7 Misc.3d 1015)
JC-NY-0017-0025 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Seventh Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors 06/06/2005
JC-NY-0017-0015 PDF | Detail
Eighth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors 10/06/2005
JC-NY-0017-0016 PDF | Detail
Ninth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors 02/06/2006
JC-NY-0017-0017 PDF | Detail
Appellate Opinion 10/03/2006 (822 N.Y.S.2d 245)
JC-NY-0017-0026 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Eleventh Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors 10/06/2006
JC-NY-0017-0018 PDF | Detail
Twelfth Regular Report of the Compliance Monitors 02/06/2007
JC-NY-0017-0019 PDF | Detail
Judges Braun, Richard F. (State Trial Court)
JC-NY-0017-0008 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0020 | JC-NY-0017-0021 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0023 | JC-NY-0017-0024 | JC-NY-0017-0025 | JC-NY-0017-9000
Buckley, John T. (State Appellate Court)
JC-NY-0017-0026
Gonzalez, Luis A. (State Appellate Court)
JC-NY-0017-0026
McGuire, James M. (State Appellate Court)
JC-NY-0017-0026
Nardelli, Eugene L. (State Appellate Court)
JC-NY-0017-0026
Rakower, Eileen A. (State Trial Court)
JC-NY-0017-0019
Williams, Milton L. (State Appellate Court)
JC-NY-0017-0026
Monitors/Masters Dlugacz, Henry (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0005 | JC-NY-0017-0006 | JC-NY-0017-0012 | JC-NY-0017-0014 | JC-NY-0017-0015 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0017 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019
Roskes, Erik (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0005 | JC-NY-0017-0006 | JC-NY-0017-0012 | JC-NY-0017-0014 | JC-NY-0017-0015 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0017 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barr, Heather (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Beaglehole, John (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022
Brescia, Raymond H. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Corley, Patricia G. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003
Devlin, Faune P. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Greshan, John A. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Lasdon, Douglas (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Leinhard, William (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019
Luckenbach, Caroline H. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0024
Parish, Jennifer J. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019
Powell, Jeffrey K. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022
Sauer, Kristen K. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Slater, Emily O’Neill (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0026
Sullivan, Eileen E. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0022
Tahbaz, Christopher K. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0004 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Velez, Melanie (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Crane, Thomas (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0022
Dantowitz, Jeffrey S. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0001 | JC-NY-0017-0002 | JC-NY-0017-0003 | JC-NY-0017-0016 | JC-NY-0017-0018 | JC-NY-0017-0019 | JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024 | JC-NY-0017-9000
Hess, Michael D. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0022 | JC-NY-0017-0024
Kalkstein, Julian L. (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0026
Other Lawyers Andreasian, Karen Gomes (New York)
JC-NY-0017-0023

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