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Case Name Essex Co. Jail Inmates v. Treffinger JC-NJ-0003
Docket / Court 2:82-cv-01945-HAA-MF ( D.N.J. )
State/Territory New Jersey
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
On June 10, 1982, inmates of the Essex County Jail [ECJ] filed a class action lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement. On October 14, 1982, the District Court (Judge Harold A. Ackerman) ... read more >
On June 10, 1982, inmates of the Essex County Jail [ECJ] filed a class action lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement. On October 14, 1982, the District Court (Judge Harold A. Ackerman) approved and entered a Consent Decree which specified changes to be taken at the ECJ in the areas of overcrowding, exercise, inmate visits, food service, medical care, fire prevention and other general conditions. The Court appointed two special masters to evaluate and monitor the jail conditions. The 1982 Consent Decree was subsequently amended and modified several times.

On March 9, 1987, inmates in the Essex County Jail Annex [ECJA] filed a similar §1983 suit and eventually the cases were consolidated.

On November 20, 1989 the District Court (Judge Harold A. Ackerman) issued sanctions against defendants for failing to abide by overall population limits as set by the 1982 Consent Decree as amended and not providing inmates recreation. Essex County Jail Inmates v. Amato, 726 F.Supp. 539 (D.N.J. 1989).

Subsequent consent decrees followed, ending with the entry of a Second Consolidated Consent Order and Medical Consent Order on August 8, 1995. Plaintiffs sought sanctions against defendants for violation of the Second Consolidated Consent Order. The Court denied the request for contempt sanctions, but issued a fine which was suspended pending defendants immediately taking steps to come into compliance, as outlined by the Court. Essex County Jail Annex Inmates v. Treffinger, 18 F.Supp.2d 445 (D.N.J. 1998).

On November 24, 2003, the District Court denied the motion to intervene by Patrolmen Benevolent Association

On March 31, 2004, defendants moved all Essex County inmates held at ECJ and ECJA to the new Essex County Correctional Facility (ECCF). Following the move, the parties prepared a Third Consolidated Consent Order to take into account the new structure and facilities of the ECCF.

On December 2, 2005, the District Court issued an order that the cases would be administratively terminated if written objections to the proposed termination were not received from the parties. Thereafter, the Special Masters provided the Court with their final Report and Recommendation, along with a copy of the proposed Third Consolidated Consent Order on December 14, 2006,

The District Court visited the ECCF on January 26, 2007, along with counsel for the parties and one of the Special Masters. After the tour, on February 5, 2007, the District Court issued an order, denying the approval of the proposed Third Consolidated Consent Order, and instead, dismissing the case. In his order, Judge Ackerman noted that the Court no longer needed to be involved in the case and stated "it is my fervent hope that the legendary Phoenix that is this case will at last find eternal rest."

As of the date of the summary, the case remained closed.

Kristen Sagar - 06/07/2007


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Pre-PLRA Population Cap
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Classification / placement
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Totality of conditions
Visiting
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Essex County Jail
Essex County Jail Annex
Plaintiff Description Inmates confined at the Essex County Jail and Essex County Jail Annex.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1982 - 2007
Case Closing Year 2007
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
2:82-cv-01945-HAA-MF (D.N.J.) 12/16/2005
JC-NJ-0003-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
87-871 (D.N.J.) 02/05/2007
JC-NJ-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 06/10/1982
JC-NJ-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Consent Judgment 10/14/1982
JC-NJ-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Order Amending Consent Judgment 02/22/1984
JC-NJ-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Supplemental Consent Order Modifying and Amending Consent Judgment of October 14, 1982 02/04/1985
JC-NJ-0003-0009.pdf | Detail
Complaint 03/09/1987
JC-NJ-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Order (Appointing Special Master) 04/06/1987 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0012.pdf | Detail
Supplemental Consent Order Modifying and Amending Consent Judgment of October 14, 1982 04/22/1987
JC-NJ-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Stipulation of Facts 08/17/1987
JC-NJ-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Order Certifying Class Action 11/09/1987 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0014.pdf | Detail
Notice (to All Inmate Class Members) 11/09/1987
JC-NJ-0003-0015.pdf | Detail
Amendment to Third Supplemental Consent Order 12/27/1988 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0016.pdf | Detail
Schedule of Sanctions for Noncompliance 07/06/1989 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0019.pdf | Detail
Order Establishing Overcrowding Bail Fund 07/08/1989 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0021.pdf | Detail
Order Finding County Defendants in Contempt and Imposing Sanctions for Violations of Fire Safety Requirements 07/28/1989 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0020.pdf | Detail
Order (Imposing Monetary Sanctions) 11/20/1989 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0022.pdf | Detail
Published Opinion on Sanctions 11/20/1989 (726 F.Supp. 539) (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Consent Order Rescheduling the Date of Deposit of Sanction Monies 12/11/1989 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0023.pdf | Detail
Order 01/02/1990 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0024.pdf | Detail
Consolidated Consent Order 01/05/1990 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0017.pdf | Detail
Consolidated Consent Order Modifying the Bail Fund Order of 7/28/89 and the Consolidated Consent Order of 1/5/1990 08/07/1990 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0018.pdf | Detail
Second Consolidated Consent Order 08/08/1995 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0025.pdf | Detail
Court opinion on Motion to disqualify attorney 08/17/1998 (18 F.Supp.2d 418) (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0031.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Published Opinion/Order on Motion for Contempt Sanctions 08/17/1998 (18 F.Supp.2d 445) (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0032.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Supplemental Order on Population and Housing 05/01/1999 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0027.pdf | Detail
Order on Attorneys Fees 05/11/1999 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0028.pdf | Detail
Order of Substitution of Certain Defendant Public Officers 06/21/2004 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0029.pdf | Detail
Third Consolidated Consent Order 01/01/2006 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Opinion and Order 02/05/2007 (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Ackerman, Harold Arnold (D.N.J.)
JC-NJ-0003-0004 | JC-NJ-0003-0006 | JC-NJ-0003-0008 | JC-NJ-0003-0009 | JC-NJ-0003-0010 | JC-NJ-0003-0011 | JC-NJ-0003-0012 | JC-NJ-0003-0014 | JC-NJ-0003-0015 | JC-NJ-0003-0016 | JC-NJ-0003-0017 | JC-NJ-0003-0018 | JC-NJ-0003-0019 | JC-NJ-0003-0020 | JC-NJ-0003-0021 | JC-NJ-0003-0022 | JC-NJ-0003-0023 | JC-NJ-0003-0024 | JC-NJ-0003-0025 | JC-NJ-0003-0027 | JC-NJ-0003-0028 | JC-NJ-0003-0029 | JC-NJ-0003-0030 | JC-NJ-0003-0031 | JC-NJ-0003-0032 | JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9001
Monitors/Masters Becker, Frederic K. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9001
Degnan, John J. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-9000
Zurofsky, Bennett Dann (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bomsey, Audrey (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0007
Cannel, John M. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0005
Evans, Donald Y. (Nevada)
JC-NJ-0003-9000
Linares, Jose L. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-9000
Mitchell, T. Gary (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0004 | JC-NJ-0003-0005 | JC-NJ-0003-0006 | JC-NJ-0003-0007 | JC-NJ-0003-0008 | JC-NJ-0003-0009 | JC-NJ-0003-0010 | JC-NJ-0003-0013 | JC-NJ-0003-0016 | JC-NJ-0003-0017 | JC-NJ-0003-0023 | JC-NJ-0003-0027 | JC-NJ-0003-0028 | JC-NJ-0003-0030 | JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9001
Reisner, Susan L. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0025
Rodriguez, Joseph H. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0006 | JC-NJ-0003-0008 | JC-NJ-0003-0009
Segars, Yvonne Smith (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0004
Silver, Susan Remis (California)
JC-NJ-0003-0025
Slocum, Alfred A. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0007 | JC-NJ-0003-0010 | JC-NJ-0003-0013 | JC-NJ-0003-0016 | JC-NJ-0003-0017 | JC-NJ-0003-0023 | JC-NJ-0003-0032 | JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9001
Tate, Herbert H. JR (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-9001
Teare, John J. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-9001
Torres, Ivelisse (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0032 | JC-NJ-0003-9000
Van Ness, Stanley C. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0005
Defendant's Lawyers Ben-Asher, David H. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0006 | JC-NJ-0003-0008 | JC-NJ-0003-0009 | JC-NJ-0003-0010
Bollheimer, Ronald L. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0025
Brennan, Joseph P. Jr. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0017 | JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9000
Brown, Catherine M. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0017
Delplato, Harry (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0004 | JC-NJ-0003-0025 | JC-NJ-0003-0027 | JC-NJ-0003-0028 | JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9000
Edwards, W. Cary (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0016 | JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9001
Giantomasi, Francis (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0025
Hawkins, Ollie H. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0025
Kimmelman, Irwin I. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0006 | JC-NJ-0003-0008 | JC-NJ-0003-0009
Maloney, Joseph T. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0006 | JC-NJ-0003-0008 | JC-NJ-0003-0009 | JC-NJ-0003-0016 | JC-NJ-0003-0030
Meanor, Henry Curtis (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0013 | JC-NJ-0003-0016 | JC-NJ-0003-0017 | JC-NJ-0003-0023 | JC-NJ-0003-0032 | JC-NJ-0003-9000 | JC-NJ-0003-9000
Peretti, Peter N. Jr. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0017
Poritz, Deborah T. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0025
Tamasik, Catherine E. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0031
Other Lawyers Johnston, Diana (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0031
Lieberman, Stuart J. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-9000
Marucci, Michael (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0031
Positan, Wayne J. (New Jersey)
JC-NJ-0003-0031

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