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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name McCray v. Dawson JC-AL-0011
Docket / Court 3:92-cv-01180-ID-JLC ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Attorney Organization Southern Center for Human Rights
Case Summary
On September 21, 1992, inmates at the Macon County Jail in Tuskegee, Alabama, brought suit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 challenging the conditions of their confinement at the jail. The plaintiffs were represented by the Southern Prisoners Defense Committee and the Southern Center for Human Rights. ... read more >
On September 21, 1992, inmates at the Macon County Jail in Tuskegee, Alabama, brought suit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 challenging the conditions of their confinement at the jail. The plaintiffs were represented by the Southern Prisoners Defense Committee and the Southern Center for Human Rights. The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama (Judge Ira De Ment) granted the plaintiffs class certification and approved a consent order in September 1994, which required the defendants, county and state officials, to change numerous conditions at the current jail pending construction of a new jail. Judge De Ment appointed Special Master Mike Haley to monitor the defendants' compliance with the consent order.

The plaintiffs subsequently moved for contempt sanctions against the defendants for failing to comply with the terms of the consent order, and on October 24, 1996, Judge De Ment granted the plaintiffs' motion. McCray v. Dawson, 953 F.Supp. 1476 (M.D.Ala. 1996). Judge De Ment held that the defendant's claims of substantial, unforeseen changes in attempting construction of a new jail facility related to decreased county revenue, invalid construction contracts and difficulties housing high security inmates did not warrant modification of the consent order. Judge De Ment found the county's lack of progress in constructing a new jail inexcusable and ordered that for everyday that the defendants are past a deadline on the construction schedule, they were to pay $100.00 per inmate housed in the current jail until that deadline would be met. The money raised by these contempt sanctions was to remain in a fund maintained by the court for the benefit of inmates at the jail. Construction of the new jail commenced on January 15, 1997, and on April 4, 2001, Judge De Ment ordered the termination of the consent order.

Tom Madison - 03/06/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Alabama Department of Corrections
Macon County Jail
Plaintiff Description All persons who are now, or in the future will be, incarcerated at the present or any future Macon County Jail in Tuskegee, AL
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Southern Center for Human Rights
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1994 - 2001
Case Closing Year 2001
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
92-cv-01180-ID-JLC (M.D. Ala.) 04/04/2001
JC-AL-0011-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Order, and Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge 10/24/1996 (953 F.Supp. 1476) (M.D. Ala.)
JC-AL-0011-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Carroll, John L. (M.D. Ala.) [Magistrate]
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
De Ment, Ira (M.D. Ala.)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Monitors/Masters Haley, Mike (Alabama)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Sun, Tammy W. (Georgia)
JC-AL-0011-9000
Thandiwe, Lynnae Francine (Georgia)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Toone, Robert E. Jr. (Georgia)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Leonard, Ellen Ruth (Alabama)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Lyles, Harry A. (Alabama)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Redd, Andrew Weldon (Alabama)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Smith, Jock Michael (Alabama)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Smith, Ernest Wray (Alabama)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Webb, Kendrick E. (Alabama)
JC-AL-0011-0001 | JC-AL-0011-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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