University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Jones v. Diamond JC-MS-0018
Docket / Court 74-3098 ( S.D. Miss. )
State/Territory Mississippi
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
In 1974, inmates in Jackson County jail filed a class action under section 1983 in an attempt to reform nearly every facet of the conditions of the jail. Ten individual plaintiffs also sought damages for personal injuries. Plaintiffs were represented by counsel from the Lawyer's Committee for ... read more >
In 1974, inmates in Jackson County jail filed a class action under section 1983 in an attempt to reform nearly every facet of the conditions of the jail. Ten individual plaintiffs also sought damages for personal injuries. Plaintiffs were represented by counsel from the Lawyer's Committee for Civil Rights Under Law. The District Court in the Southern District of Mississippi dismissed as defendants individual members of the Board of Supervisors and denied class certification. Plaintiffs appealed.

On interlocutory appeal, the Fifth Circuit reversed the District Court's decision and remanded the issues of class certification and dismissal of individual board members for a full evidentiary hearing and factual examination. Jones v. Diamond, 519 F.2d 1090 (5th Cir. 1975). On remand, the District Court dismissed the individual claims of Jones, the named plaintiff, with prejudice and, eventually, granted class certification for pretrial detainees and convicts (the court reserved judgment until construction on the new jail ended less than one year later). After a trial on the merits, the District Court denied most of plaintiff's requested relief, granting only a very minimal injunction which required defendants to complete the new jail promptly, to cease receiving persons charged with misdemeanors by any municipalities, to post a list of prisoners rights drafted by the court, and to prevent prisoners from sleeping on a mattress on the floor.

The plaintiff won in very large part before a panel, Jones v. Diamond, 594 F.2d 997 (5th Cir. 1979), but the Fifth Circuit then took the case en banc. The en banc court went even further in plaintiff's favor, and in 1981, the court ordered the District Court to hold evidentiary hearings to determine the capacity of the new and old jail and whether there is reason to deny contact visitation for pretrial detainees. The court also stated that the District Court must issue an injunction commanding the defendants not to engage in racial discrimination, to provide adequate jail supervision, to institute a reasonable classification system, to administer discipline in conformity with Wolff v. McDonnell, 418 U.S. 539 (1974), and to regulate mail in accordance with Guajardo v. Estelle, 580 F.2d 748 (5th Cir. 1978). Jones v. Diamond, 636 F.2d 1364 (5th Cir. 1981) (en banc). The Supreme Court granted a petition for writ of certiorari in 1981 in Ledbetter v. Jones, 452 U.S. 959 (1981), but subsequently dismissed it. 453 U.S. 950 (1981).

Kristen Sagar - 06/05/2007


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Administrative segregation
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Assault/abuse by staff
Classification / placement
Disciplinary procedures
Disciplinary segregation
Education
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Library (non-law) access
Mail
Medical care
Personal injury
Phone
Recreation / Exercise
Religious programs / policies
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Totality of conditions
Visiting
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Jackson County Jail
Plaintiff Description inmates at the Jackson County Jail
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1973 - 1981
Case Closing Year 1981
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion 09/26/1975 (519 F.2d 1090)
JC-MS-0018-0002 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 04/26/1979 (594 F.2d 997)
JC-MS-0018-0001 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Decision 09/07/1979 (602 F.2d 1243)
JC-MS-0018-0004 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Reported Opinion 01/29/1981 (636 F.2d 1364)
JC-MS-0018-0003 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Decision 06/22/1981 (452 U.S. 959)
JC-MS-0018-0005 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Decision 06/29/1981 (463 U.S. 911)
JC-MS-0018-0006 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Decision 10/01/1981 (453 U.S. 950)
JC-MS-0018-0007 PDF | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Judges Coleman, James Plemon (Fifth Circuit)
JC-MS-0018-0001
Goldberg, Irving Loeb (Fifth Circuit)
JC-MS-0018-0002
Rubin, Alvin Benjamin (Fifth Circuit, E.D. La.)
JC-MS-0018-0003
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Hinds, Lennox S. (Mississippi)
JC-MS-0018-0001
Lipman, David Michael (Florida)
JC-MS-0018-0001 | JC-MS-0018-0002 | JC-MS-0018-0003 | JC-MS-0018-0004
Walker, John L. Jr. (Mississippi)
JC-MS-0018-0001 | JC-MS-0018-0002 | JC-MS-0018-0003
Defendant's Lawyers Brown, Raymond L. (Mississippi)
JC-MS-0018-0001 | JC-MS-0018-0002 | JC-MS-0018-0003 | JC-MS-0018-0004 | JC-MS-0018-0006 | JC-MS-0018-0007
Other Lawyers Ralston, Charles Stephen (New York)
JC-MS-0018-0003
Winter, Steven L. (New York)
JC-MS-0018-0003

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -