University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name U.S. v. Grenada County JC-MS-0012
Docket / Court 94-CV-172 ( N.D. Miss. )
State/Territory Mississippi
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
On July 19, 1993, the United States Department of Justice instituted an investigation under the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act ("CRIPA"), 42 U.S.C. § 1997, of the conditions of the Grenada County Jail in Grenada, Mississippi. The government released its negative findings to the ... read more >
On July 19, 1993, the United States Department of Justice instituted an investigation under the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act ("CRIPA"), 42 U.S.C. § 1997, of the conditions of the Grenada County Jail in Grenada, Mississippi. The government released its negative findings to the Jail on October 18, 1993, finding that both pretrial and sentenced inmates of the Jail were subjected to conditions that violated their due process rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. Specifically the government found that 1) security and supervision at the Jail were inadequate, 2) medical and mental health care and suicide prevention were seriously deficient, and 3) there were serious environmental health and safety deficiencies at the Jail. The government recommended subsequent remedial measures.

According to the docket, for nearly ten months, there was no procedural history. In August 1994, the parties filed a consent decree in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Mississippi, setting forth provisions for a new jail facility that would implement the remedial measures recommended by the government. On November 14, the government filed a complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1997 in the Court alleging the violations found in the CRIPA investigation mentioned above, and prayed for permanent injunctive relief. Also in November, the parties submitted both the consent decree and the complaint to the Court seeking orders of the Court. The Court (Judge Neal B. Biggers, Jr.) signed off on the consent decree on November 17, 1994. The case was subsequently reassigned to Magistrate Judge S.A. Alexander and closed on May 3, 1995.

Rebecca Bloch - 03/15/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Classification / placement
Disciplinary procedures
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Suicide prevention
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Grenada County Jail
Plaintiff Description United State Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1994 - 1995
Case Closing Year 1995
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  An Analysis of CRIPA Findings Letters Issued to Jails for Constitutional Violations by the Department of Justice
Written: Apr. 15, 2016
By: Jeff Mellow, Bryce E. Peterson & Mijin Kim (John Jay College of Criminal Justice)
Citation: Am. J. Crim. Just. (April 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:94-cv-00172-NBB (N.D. Miss.) 06/06/2001
JC-MS-0012-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Notice Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Grenada County Jail in Grenada, Mississippi 07/19/1993
JC-MS-0012-0001 PDF | Detail
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of Grenada County Jail 10/18/1993
JC-MS-0012-0002 PDF | Detail
Complaint 08/17/1994
JC-MS-0012-0003 PDF | Detail
Consent Decree 10/31/1994 (N.D. Miss.)
JC-MS-0012-0004 PDF | Detail
Correspondence re: United States v. Grenada County 11/08/1994
JC-MS-0012-0005 PDF | Detail
Judges Biggers, Neal Brooks Jr. (N.D. Miss.)
JC-MS-0012-0004 | JC-MS-0012-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Goldschmidt, Iris (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0012-0005
Moreton, Alfred E. III (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0012-0003 | JC-MS-0012-0004 | JC-MS-0012-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0012-0003 | JC-MS-0012-0004
Payne, Timothy R. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0012-0003 | JC-MS-0012-0004
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0012-0003 | JC-MS-0012-0004
Reno, Janet (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0012-0003
Turner, James P. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0012-0001 | JC-MS-0012-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Gore, Jay Jr. (Mississippi)
JC-MS-0012-0004
Other Lawyers None on record

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