University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name U.S. v. Forest City JC-MS-0009
Docket / Court 3:94-cv-00680-HTW ( S.D. Miss. )
State/Territory Mississippi
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
In May of 1993, the U.S. Department of Justice notified Forest City, Mississippi of its intention to investigate conditions of the city jail. In September of 1993, following the investigation, the DOJ notified the Mayor of Forest City of its findings and made recommendations regarding security and ... read more >
In May of 1993, the U.S. Department of Justice notified Forest City, Mississippi of its intention to investigate conditions of the city jail. In September of 1993, following the investigation, the DOJ notified the Mayor of Forest City of its findings and made recommendations regarding security and supervision; staff training; policies and procedures; medical and mental healthcare; suicide prevention; sanitation; food services; fire safety; exercise; and access to counsel. Apparently after negotiation, the Attorney General filed an action under the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. section 1997 et seq., against the jail in 1994. Shortly thereafter, the district court for the Southern District of Mississippi (Judge Henry T. Wingate) approved a consent decree. The consent decree laid out steps the city must take to improve issues discussed in the DOJ's letter of findings and recommendations. According to the docket from PACER, the city continued to update the court with compliance reports until 1997.

Lauren Cutson - 05/25/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Classification / placement
Disciplinary procedures
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Suicide prevention
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Forrest City Jail
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1994 - 1997
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  An Analysis of CRIPA Findings Letters Issued to Jails for Constitutional Violations by the Department of Justice
Written: Apr. 15, 2016
By: Jeff Mellow, Bryce E. Peterson & Mijin Kim (John Jay College of Criminal Justice)
Citation: Am. J. Crim. Just. (April 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:94-cv-00680-HTW (S.D. Miss.) 10/08/1997
JC-MS-0009-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Notice Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of the Forest City Jail in Forest, Mississippi 05/03/1993
JC-MS-0009-0001.pdf | Detail
Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of the Forest City Jail in Forest, Mississippi 09/09/1993
JC-MS-0009-0002.pdf | Detail
Complaint 10/31/1994
JC-MS-0009-0003.pdf | Detail
Certificate of the Attorney General 10/31/1994
JC-MS-0009-0006.pdf | Detail
Correspondence re: U.S. v. Forest City 11/09/1994
JC-MS-0009-0004.pdf | Detail
Consent Decree 11/15/1994 (S.D. Miss.)
JC-MS-0009-0005.pdf | Detail
Judges Wingate, Henry Travillion (S.D. Miss.)
JC-MS-0009-0005 | JC-MS-0009-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Goldschmidt, Iris (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0009-0004
Lynn, Daniel E. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0009-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0009-0003 | JC-MS-0009-0005
Payne, Timothy R. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0009-0003 | JC-MS-0009-0005
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0009-0003 | JC-MS-0009-0005
Phillips, George L. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0009-0003 | JC-MS-0009-0005
Reno, Janet (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0009-0003 | JC-MS-0009-0006
Turner, James P. (District of Columbia)
JC-MS-0009-0001 | JC-MS-0009-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Lee, Thomas D. (Mississippi)
JC-MS-0009-0005 | JC-MS-0009-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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