University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Johnson v. O'Brien and Bullington v. Moreland JC-MO-0010
Docket / Court 76-210 C (3) ( E.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Special Collection Strip Search Cases
Case Summary
On May 30, 1979, Robert Burlington, a pre-trial detainee at St. Louis County Jail in Clayton, Missouri, filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri against St. Louis County officials regarding conditions at the jail. The lawsuit was filed on behalf of ... read more >
On May 30, 1979, Robert Burlington, a pre-trial detainee at St. Louis County Jail in Clayton, Missouri, filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri against St. Louis County officials regarding conditions at the jail. The lawsuit was filed on behalf of all pre-trial detainees at the St. Louis County Jail. Burlington filed the lawsuit pro se.

In 1980, this case was consolidated with a previous lawsuit filed in 1976. That lawsuit, Johnson v. O'Brien, resulted in a December 30, 1977, order by District Judge John Nangle. Johnson v. O'Brien, 445 F. Supp. 122 (E.D. Mo. 1977). Judge Nangle ordered St. Louis County to complete renovations and alterations of the jail within one year from the date of the order. These renovations were to result in larger living areas for inmates. The district court also enjoined the number of inmates who could be housed at the jail prior to the renovations. The court ordered the jail to improve medical care, conduct a daily medical survey of inmates, allow inmates to clean their living areas and launder their clothes, and allow regular visitation. Judge Nangle's 1980 consolidation of the two cases aimed to determine the defendants' compliance with the 1977 order.

Mr. Burlington's initial pleading was a petition for temporary injunction. He claimed that jail officials were violating his First and Fourteenth Amendment Rights by not allowing him access to periodicals he received in the mail. In August 1979, other inmates petitioned the court to participate in the lawsuit and claimed numerous other constitutional violations, including overcrowding, unsanitary conditions, lack of recreation, denial of visitation rights, and inadequate medical care. An amended complaint was filed after the plaintiffs obtained representation by private attorneys, incorporating many of the inmates' claims. In February 1980, the district court approved the case as a class action, adopting a January 10, 1980, recommendation to that effect by U.S. Magistrate David D. Noce. Magistrate Judge Williams S. Bahn conducted a review of jail conditions, including a personal visit to the jail, and stated in an unpublished July 1980, order that he had determined that, in most areas, the jail was in compliance with the previous order. There was overcrowding and the facility lacked a proper library, however.

The parties subsequently came to agreement on many of the issues in the complaints. Their stipulation, dated August 12, 1983, reaffirmed the Johnson v. O'Brien order and set out the defendants' agreement to implement population limits, provide additional material in the law library, cease conducting strip searches in connection with visitation privileges, and segregate pre-trial detainees under the age of sixteen years. Judge Nangle ordered the stipulation posted in the jail. Litigation continued concerning attorneys' fees, with the two appointed counsel for plaintiffs receiving fee awards of $25,000 and $12,500, respectively, pursuant to Judge Nangle's November 29, 1983, unpublished order.

On August 2, 1993, due to flooding at another jail and the subsequent transfer of inmates to the St. Louis County Jail, the district court temporarily lifted the population limits in the jail. This emergency order was terminated on March 29, 1994, upon the defendants' request, by an unpublished order by District Judge Edward L. Filippine. The docket does not indicate any further litigation in this case.

Angela Heverling - 06/06/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
Pre-PLRA Population Cap
General
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Law library access
Mail
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Strip search policy
Visiting
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) St. Louis County
Plaintiff Description Pre-trial detainees at the St. Louis County Jail
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1977 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing JC-MO-0012 : Bruce v. St. Louis County Dept. of Social Services (State Court)
JC-MO-0011 : Bullington v. Moreland (State Court)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Defendant Compliance In Public Law Litigation: A Case Study of Bullington v. Moreland
By: Andrea Ebreck (Washington University)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Jail Strip-Search Cases: Patterns and Participants
http://law.duke.edu/journals/lcp
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University in St. Louis)
Citation: 71 Law & Contemp. Problems 65 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
79-650 (E.D. Mo.) 03/29/1994
JC-MO-0010-9000.pdf | Detail
General Documents
Attachment 4: Daily Sick Call Roster
JC-MO-0010-0003.pdf | Detail
Inmate Regulations
JC-MO-0010-0063.pdf | Detail
Attachment 6: Inmate Rights at Institution Discipline Committee Hearing 08/25/1975
JC-MO-0010-0005.pdf | Detail
Attachment 5: Volunteer Schedule February 23-27, 1976 02/23/1976
JC-MO-0010-0004.pdf | Detail
Attachment 3: St. Louis County Jail Inmate Regulations 03/18/1976
JC-MO-0010-0002.pdf | Detail
Attachment 7: Improvement of Welfare Facilities - Annex 04/23/1976
JC-MO-0010-0006.pdf | Detail
Attachment 1: Housing System, St. Louis County Jail 04/30/1976
JC-MO-0010-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Papers of Margo Schlanger
Attachment 8: Contract for Service By/In a Nonfederal Facility 12/08/1976
JC-MO-0010-0007.pdf | Detail
U.S. Postal Service Regulations 08/04/1977
JC-MO-0010-0061.pdf | Detail
Judgment and Order 12/30/1977 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0008.pdf | Detail
Judgment and Order 12/30/1977 (445 F.Supp. 122) (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0070.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Correspondence 05/09/1979
JC-MO-0010-0012.pdf | Detail
Motion for Leave to Proceed in Forma Pauperis 05/21/1979
JC-MO-0010-0010.pdf | Detail
Plaintiff's Brief in Support of Petition for Temporary Injunction 05/30/1979
JC-MO-0010-0009.pdf | Detail
Supplemental Brief to Petition for Temporary Injunction 05/30/1979
JC-MO-0010-0011.pdf | Detail
Petition for Temporary Injunction 05/30/1979
JC-MO-0010-0015.pdf | Detail
Summonses 05/31/1979
JC-MO-0010-0013.pdf | Detail
Defendants' Motion to Dismiss 07/23/1979
JC-MO-0010-0014.pdf | Detail
Inmates Requests for Participation in Class Action 08/23/1979
JC-MO-0010-0016.pdf | Detail
Amended Complaint for Declaratory Judgment, Injunctive Relief, and Other Appropriate Relief 08/31/1979
JC-MO-0010-0017.pdf | Detail
Motion for Intervention 09/04/1979
JC-MO-0010-0018.pdf | Detail
Motion for Joinder of Parties 09/04/1979
JC-MO-0010-0019.pdf | Detail
Order 10/05/1979 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0020.pdf | Detail
Order 10/05/1979 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0021.pdf | Detail
Order 10/05/1979 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0022.pdf | Detail
Motion of Defendants to Dismiss Amended Complaint 10/30/1979
JC-MO-0010-0023.pdf | Detail
Brief of Defendants in Support of Defendants Motion to Dismiss Complaint 10/30/1979
JC-MO-0010-0065.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Response to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Complaint 11/19/1979
JC-MO-0010-0024.pdf | Detail
Verified Motion for the Court to Appoint a Stenotype Reporter 11/19/1979
JC-MO-0010-0025.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Request for Production of Documents Directed to Defendant 11/19/1979
JC-MO-0010-0026.pdf | Detail
Plaintiffs' Interrogatories Directed to Defendants 11/19/1979
JC-MO-0010-0027.pdf | Detail
Correspondence 12/04/1979
JC-MO-0010-0059.pdf | Detail
In Re: Bullington v. Moreland 12/21/1979
JC-MO-0010-0028.pdf | Detail
Motion to Amend 01/01/1980
JC-MO-0010-0029.pdf | Detail
Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate 01/10/1980 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0030.pdf | Detail
Stipulation of Fact 01/10/1980
JC-MO-0010-0031.pdf | Detail
Correspondence 02/11/1980
JC-MO-0010-0032.pdf | Detail
Order 02/21/1980 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0034.pdf | Detail
Order 02/21/1980 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0035.pdf | Detail
Department of Justice Services Response to Alleged Conditions 03/05/1980
JC-MO-0010-0062.pdf | Detail
Answer to Plaintiffs' Amended Complaint for Declaratory Judgment, Injunctive Relief, and Other Appropriate Relief 03/28/1980
JC-MO-0010-0036.pdf | Detail
Order 09/18/1980 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0037.pdf | Detail
Memorandum 09/18/1980 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0038.pdf | Detail
Correspondence 10/03/1980
JC-MO-0010-0039.pdf | Detail
Motion to Withdraw 11/26/1980
JC-MO-0010-0040.pdf | Detail
Order 12/05/1980 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0042.pdf | Detail
Order 12/11/1980 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0043.pdf | Detail
Order 12/11/1980 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0064.pdf | Detail
Compliance of John P. Emde with Order of December 11, 1980 12/29/1980
JC-MO-0010-0041.pdf | Detail
Compliance of James L. Thomas with Order of December 11, 1980 01/02/1981
JC-MO-0010-0044.pdf | Detail
Magistrate's Review and Recommendation 07/23/1981 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0045.pdf | Detail
Response of Plaintiffs to Report of United States Magistrate's Review and Recommendation 08/24/1981
JC-MO-0010-0046.pdf | Detail
Defendants' Objections to Review and Recommendation of Magistrate 10/21/1981
JC-MO-0010-0066.pdf | Detail
Order 12/10/1981 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0047.pdf | Detail
Stipulation of the Parties 03/01/1983
JC-MO-0010-0069.pdf | Detail
Magistrate's Memorandum 06/21/1983 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0048.pdf | Detail
Magistrate's Memorandum 06/21/1983
JC-MO-0010-0067.pdf | Detail
Magistrate's Recommendation 06/22/1983 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0049.pdf | Detail
Order 06/22/1983 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0052.pdf | Detail
Magistrate's Recommendation 06/28/1983
JC-MO-0010-0068.pdf | Detail
Correspondence 06/30/1983
JC-MO-0010-0051.pdf | Detail
Stipulation of the Parties 08/12/1983
JC-MO-0010-0050.pdf | Detail
Affidavit of Edward Moreland 08/12/1983
JC-MO-0010-0054.pdf | Detail
Memorandum 08/30/1983 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0055.pdf | Detail
Order 08/30/1983 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0056.pdf | Detail
Application and Petition of John P. Emde for Allowance of Attorneys Fees 09/21/1983
JC-MO-0010-0057.pdf | Detail
Order and Memorandum 11/29/1983 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0058.pdf | Detail
Order 08/13/1993 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0053.pdf | Detail
Motion to Terminate Emegency Order 03/29/1994
JC-MO-0010-0060.pdf | Detail
Judges Bahn, William S. (E.D. Mo.) [Magistrate]
JC-MO-0010-0042 | JC-MO-0010-0043 | JC-MO-0010-0045 | JC-MO-0010-0048 | JC-MO-0010-0049 | JC-MO-0010-0064 | JC-MO-0010-0067 | JC-MO-0010-0068
Filippine, Edward Louis (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0020 | JC-MO-0010-0021 | JC-MO-0010-0022 | JC-MO-0010-0053 | JC-MO-0010-0060
Nangle, John Francis (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0008 | JC-MO-0010-0032 | JC-MO-0010-0034 | JC-MO-0010-0035 | JC-MO-0010-0037 | JC-MO-0010-0038 | JC-MO-0010-0047 | JC-MO-0010-0052 | JC-MO-0010-0056 | JC-MO-0010-0058 | JC-MO-0010-0070
Monitors/Masters Noce, David D. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0010-0030
Plaintiff's Lawyers Thomas, James L. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0010-0017 | JC-MO-0010-0018 | JC-MO-0010-0019 | JC-MO-0010-0024 | JC-MO-0010-0025 | JC-MO-0010-0026 | JC-MO-0010-0027 | JC-MO-0010-0031 | JC-MO-0010-0044 | JC-MO-0010-0046 | JC-MO-0010-0050 | JC-MO-0010-0069 | JC-MO-0010-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Buckley, Eugene K. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0010-0070
Ross, John Andrew (Missouri)
JC-MO-0010-0060
Shuman, Michael A. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0010-0060 | JC-MO-0010-9000
Wehrle, Thomas W. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0010-0014 | JC-MO-0010-0036 | JC-MO-0010-0050 | JC-MO-0010-0054 | JC-MO-0010-0065 | JC-MO-0010-0066 | JC-MO-0010-0069 | JC-MO-0010-0070 | JC-MO-0010-9000
Weyerich, Donald J. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0010-0014 | JC-MO-0010-0023 | JC-MO-0010-0031 | JC-MO-0010-0036 | JC-MO-0010-0050 | JC-MO-0010-0054 | JC-MO-0010-0065 | JC-MO-0010-0066 | JC-MO-0010-0069 | JC-MO-0010-0070 | JC-MO-0010-9000
Other Lawyers Emde, John P. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0010-0041 | JC-MO-0010-0046 | JC-MO-0010-0050 | JC-MO-0010-0057 | JC-MO-0010-0069 | JC-MO-0010-0070 | JC-MO-0010-9000

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