University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Heitman v. Gabriel JC-MO-0008
Docket / Court 79-6056 ( W.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
Inmates at the Buchanan County Jail in St. Joseph, Missouri, filed a pro se class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against representatives of the county in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, alleging that their 8th Amendment rights and due process rights had ... read more >
Inmates at the Buchanan County Jail in St. Joseph, Missouri, filed a pro se class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against representatives of the county in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, alleging that their 8th Amendment rights and due process rights had been violated by inadequacies at the jail in the areas of overcrowding, physical environment, religious exercise, medical care, recreational facilities, reading materials, legal materials, sanitation, fire safety, inmate supplies, grievance procedures, disciplinary procedures, overheating, showering, and visitation. On October 20, 1981, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri (Judge Howard F. Sachs) held that, under a totality of conditions test, conditions at the county jail violated the 8th Amendment rights of convicted prisoners and the due process rights of the pretrial detainees. Heitman v. Gabriel, 524 F.Supp. 622 (W.D.Mo. 1981). Rather than ordering specific measures to fix the problems, the court ordered the parties to propose remedial measures to take care of the problems in the county jail so that the court could consider them. We have no further information on the facts of this case.

Kristen Sagar - 03/09/2006


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Disciplinary procedures
Fire safety
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Law library access
Library (non-law) access
Loss or damage to property
Recreation / Exercise
Religious programs / policies
Sanitation / living conditions
Totality of conditions
Visiting
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Buchanan County
Plaintiff Description inmates at the Buchanan County Jail in St. Joseph, Missouri
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1981 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion and Initial Remedial Order 10/20/1981 (524 F.Supp. 622) (W.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0008-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Sachs, Howard Frederic (W.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0008-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers York, Claudia J. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0008-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Bradley, Suzanne B. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0008-0001
Marquart, Keith B. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0008-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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