University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Parrish v. Alabama Department of Corrections JC-AL-0008
Docket / Court 3:79-cv-00301-JFG ( N.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On March 21, 1979, inmates filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, against jail officials of Lauderdale County, alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement. On November 29, 1982, the court (Judge Junius Foy Guin Jr.) entered ... read more >
On March 21, 1979, inmates filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, against jail officials of Lauderdale County, alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement. On November 29, 1982, the court (Judge Junius Foy Guin Jr.) entered an injunction prohibiting the defendants from housing state prisoners in the Lauderdale County Jail for more than 30 days, in order to alleviate overcrowding and associated health problems at the jail. In 1991, the Governor of Alabama and corrections officials were held in contempt for violating the injunction, and in 1993, Lauderdale County constructed a new jail. On July 2, 1997, the Alabama Department of Corrections (DOC) moved to terminate the injunction under the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA). The district court (Judge Guin) denied the motion and the DOC appealed. On September 28, 1998, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge James Edmondson) found that the evidence was insufficient to prove that a current and ongoing violation of a federal right existed (there was no evidence that the new jail was overcrowded) and therefore remanded the case, ordering that the injunction be terminated. Parrish v. Alabama Department of Corrections, 156 F.3d 1128 (11th Cir. 1998). On November 3, 1998, the district court (Judge Guin) ordered that the injunction be terminated pursuant to the mandate of the Eleventh Circuit. The clerks office marked the case closed on January 21, 1999.

Jaclyn Adams - 03/17/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Totality of conditions
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Lauderdale County Commission
Plaintiff Description Prisoners of the Alabama Department of Corrections
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Unknown
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Unknown
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1994 - 2001
Case Closing Year 1999
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
79-cv-00301-JFG (N.D. Ala.) 01/21/1999
JC-AL-0008-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion 03/06/1985 (757 F.2d 285)
JC-AL-0008-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Reported Opinion 09/28/1998 (156 F.3d 1128)
JC-AL-0008-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Edmondson, James Larry (Eleventh Circuit)
JC-AL-0008-0001
Guin, Junius Foy Jr. (N.D. Ala.)
JC-AL-0008-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers Butler, Albert Sims (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Byrne, Alice Ann (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Leonard, Ellen Ruth (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Pryor, William Holcombe Jr. (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Smith, Christopher A. (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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