University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Hutchings v. Corum JC-MO-0007
Docket / Court 79-600 ( W.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
In 1979, inmates confined at the Clay County Jail (CCJ) in Missouri filed a class action lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, challenging various conditions of confinement. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought ... read more >
In 1979, inmates confined at the Clay County Jail (CCJ) in Missouri filed a class action lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, challenging various conditions of confinement. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought declaratory and injunctive relief.

On March 3, 1980, the District Court (Judge Elmo B. Hunter, Jr.) certified the matter as a class action and created two sub-classes consisting of (1) pre-trial detainees at CCJ and (2) inmates serving sentences at CCJ following conviction. A bench trial on the merits was held on June 2 through 4, 1980.

On June 27, 1980, the District Court issued its opinion and order, finding that the following conditions at the CCJ constituted constitutional violations: (1) failure to evacuate inmates from sewage-contaminated cells; (2) structural deficiencies in the fifty-tree year old jail, including the lack of fire escapes, fire extinguishers and windows; (3) lack of contact visits for inmates; (4) denial of newspapers to inmates; (5) no recreation; and (6) overcrowding. The District Court ordered the CCJ to remedy the overcrowding issue within seven days and to provide a plan to the Court within thirty days which outlined how it would rectify the other unconstitutional conditions.

We have no further information on the proceedings in this case.

Dan Dalton - 02/08/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Fire safety
Library (non-law) access
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Totality of conditions
Visiting
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Clay County Jail
Plaintiff Description Inmates at the Clay County Jail, (1) pre-trial detainees and (2) inmates serving sentences following conviction.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1980 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Opinion and Order 06/27/1980 (501 F.Supp. 1276) (W.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0007-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Hunter, Elmo Bolton (W.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0007-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Wiederaenders, G. Patrick (Missouri)
JC-MO-0007-0001
York, Claudia J. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0007-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Crossett, John M. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0007-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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