University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Arriola v. Commonwealth of Kentucky PC-KY-0008
Docket / Court 12-CI-1208 ( State Court )
State/Territory Kentucky
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
This lawsuit was brought against the Kentucky Department of Corrections (KDOC) on July 7, 2014, by inmates and former inmates who have spent time in Kansas penal custody and who were denied “Earned Good Time” (EGT) credits or had their EGT credits revoked. The EGT system is part of a law passed ... read more >
This lawsuit was brought against the Kentucky Department of Corrections (KDOC) on July 7, 2014, by inmates and former inmates who have spent time in Kansas penal custody and who were denied “Earned Good Time” (EGT) credits or had their EGT credits revoked. The EGT system is part of a law passed by the Kentucky legislature (KRS 197.045), which is intended to reduce recidivism among inmates in the custody of KDOC by offering them credits that can be applied towards a sentence reduction for completing approved educational and rehabilitative programs.

The plaintiffs here brought suit because they were denied EGT credits by KDOC. KDOC claimed that the programs completed by plaintiffs were too similar to EGT programs that that they had completed previously to qualify them for additional EGT credits. However, plaintiffs argued that sections 1(a), 2, and 3 of KRS 197.045 requires that inmates who complete approved educational or rehabilitative programs be awarded EGT credits on their sentences, and that KDOc doesn't have the discretion to deny credits for programs considered too similar to previously completed programs. Plaintiffs thus argued that KDOC’s denial of credits was arbitrary and capricious, and that this violated Kentucky State law, Sections 1, 2, 10, 17, and 25 of the Kentucky Constitution’s Bill of Rights, and the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. They brought their suit in state court, in the Franklin Circuit Court, Division I, and they sought class certification to represent other persons who completed approved programs but were denied EGT credits by KDOC. They have asked the court to declare that the KDOC’s denial of EGT credits was illegal, to issue an injunction forbidding denial of EGT credits to persons who complete or who have completed approved programs, to award actual and punitive damages to plaintiffs and plaintiff class, and to award plaintiffs with attorneys’ fees and costs.

On June 3, 2015, the Judge assigned to the case, Judge Phillip J. Shepherd, held that the KDOC’s denial of EGT credits was arbitrary and capricious, and that this violated the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, along with sections 2 and 3 of the Kentucky Constitution. He also granted plaintiffs request for class certification, allowing them to act as class representatives for, “. . . inmates incarcerated by the [K]DOC who have sought, or are seeking, the award of sentence credits under KRS 197.045 through completion of educational or behavior modification programs offered by [K]DOC for the time period of five years preceding the filing of this action.” Judge Shepherd reserved ruling on what remedies to provide for the KDOC’s violations of the U.S. and Kentucky Constitutions pending, “. . . further proceedings to address the appropriate scope of injunctive relief and to explore the availability of other remedies, including mediation that can fairly and efficiently address the violations found by the Court.”

The only documents that we have available in the Clearinghouse are the plaintiffs’ complaint from July 7, 2014, and Judge Shepherd’s order from June 3, 2015. As of July 3, 2016, we don’t know whether the case is still ongoing, or whether Judge Shepherd has entered a final judgment.

Ryan Berry - 07/03/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Defendant-type
Corrections
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Over/Unlawful Detention
Rehabilitation
Plaintiff Type
State Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) Kentucky Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description Persons who completed completed programs under Kentucky law providing for reduced sentences who were denied those reductions by the Kentucky Department of Corrections
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Unknown
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Fourth Amended Class Action Complaint 07/07/2014
PC-KY-0008-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
Opinion 06/03/2015
PC-KY-0008-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
Judges Shepherd, Phillip J. (State Trial Court)
PC-KY-0008-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bathurst, Camille (Kentucky)
PC-KY-0008-0001
Belzley, Gregory A. (Kentucky)
PC-KY-0008-0001
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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