University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name R.W.T. v. Dalton JC-MO-0003
Docket / Court 78-930C(3) ( E.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Attorney Organization NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
A class of juveniles represented by Legal Services of Eastern Missouri filed a lawsuit in 1978 under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, against state judges, state juvenile officers, and county sheriffs, alleging unconstitutional conditions of ... read more >
A class of juveniles represented by Legal Services of Eastern Missouri filed a lawsuit in 1978 under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, against state judges, state juvenile officers, and county sheriffs, alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement in the St. Charles, Pike, and Lincoln County jails and denial of their constitutional rights when they were confined without probable cause hearings. The issue of conditions of confinement was settled by the parties in a consent decree entered by the court on July 31, 1980, which barred the incarceration of juveniles in the St. Charles or Pike County jails. The court found for the juveniles on the probable cause issue. On June 17, 1982, in a hearing on a motion to reconsider on the issue of attorney's fees, the court (Judge Edward L. Filippine) held that fees assessed against state defendants could be paid from state funds; judicial immunity did not bar an award of fees against state judges; and that the county sheriff was not liable for fees. R.W.T. v. Dalton, 540 F. Supp. 772 (E.D.Mo. 1982).

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (Judge Richard Sheppard Arnold) affirmed in part and reversed in part, finding that juveniles are entitled under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments to probable cause hearings, regardless of whether the juvenile is a criminal or non-criminal, status offender; the judges were not proper defendants in the suit; juvenile officers are not immune from suit; injunctive relief was not improper; and that the state was liable for one half of juveniles' attorney fees. R.W.T. v. Dalton, 712 F.2d 1225 (8th Cir. 1983). On December 5, 1983, the United Stated Supreme Court denied certiorari. Dalton v. R.W.T., 104 S.Ct. 527 (1983).

Megan Raynor - 03/25/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Over/Unlawful Detention
Sanitation / living conditions
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Judges and Associate Judges of Eleventh Judicial Circuit of State of Missouir
Judges of County Court for St. Charles County
Juvenile Office and Deputy Juvenile Officer of Eleventh Judicial Circuit of State of Missouri
Pike County Jail
Sheriffs of St. Charles, Lincoln, and Pike Counties
St. Charles County Jai
Plaintiff Description Juveniles who have been, are, or may be detained in jails or detention centers by juvenile authorities in the Eleventh Judicial Circuit of the State of Missouri (St. Charles, Lincoln, Pike Counties)
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1980 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Order 06/17/1982 (540 F.Supp. 772) (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0003-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion 07/21/1983 (712 F.2d 1225)
JC-MO-0003-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Decision 12/05/1983 (464 U.S. 1009)
JC-MO-0003-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Judges Arnold, Richard Sheppard (W.D. Ark., Eighth Circuit, E.D. Ark.)
JC-MO-0003-0001
Filippine, Edward Louis (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0003-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Cohn, Kenneth A. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0002
Eichner, Stanley J. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0001
Ferry, Michael (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0001
Goodwin, Robert J. (Alabama)
JC-MO-0003-0002
Howard, David C. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0001 | JC-MO-0003-0002
Lyons, Michael L. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0002
Volenik, Adrienne E. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0001 | JC-MO-0003-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Ashcroft, John (District of Columbia)
JC-MO-0003-0001
Davis, E. Darrell Jr. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0002
Dietrich, Thomas W. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0001
Edwards, Robert E. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0001 | JC-MO-0003-0002
Eisenstein, Joel B. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0002
Londoff, Michael T. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0002
Mellroy, William C. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0002
Presson, Robert L. (Missouri)
JC-MO-0003-0001
Other Lawyers None on record

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