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Case Name DOJ Investigation of Escambia County Sheriff's Office PN-FL-0004
Docket / Court docket unknown ( No Court )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Policing
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
In 2012, the United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division (DOJ) launched an investigation of the Escambia County Sheriff's Office (ECSO) pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act, 42 U.S.C. 1997.

On September 4, 2012, the investigation was closed without ... read more >
In 2012, the United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division (DOJ) launched an investigation of the Escambia County Sheriff's Office (ECSO) pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act, 42 U.S.C. 1997.

On September 4, 2012, the investigation was closed without findings. However, the DOJ did conclude that there were systematic deficiencies relating to the way in which ESCO officers used force that, if left unaddressed, may result in civil rights violations. Accordingly, the DOJ made three recommendations that would reduce the risk of future violations.

First, the DOJ found that ECSO's policies for use of force were lacking in accuracy, detail, and clarity. The DOJ recommended developing a new set of well crafted use of force policies that accurately state the constitutional standard for permissible force. The policies should also include terms regarding crowd control and guidelines for de-escalation. And new policies regarding firearms, canines, electronic control weapons, and chemical weapons were recommended. Second, the DOJ recommended that ECSO require its deputies to generate reports that appropriately detail how they and their colleagues use force while in the field. These reports should be prepared both when using force and when witnessing force used by another deputy. Third, the DOJ noted that ECSO should provide counseling, guidance, and training following a deputy's use of force. Supervisors should conduct on-site investigations of incidents and prepare oversight reports, should regularly review deputy conduct, should implement an early warning system, and improve supervision over the use of canines.

There is no further information regarding this case.

Richard Jolly - 11/25/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Unreasonable search and seizure
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Excessive force
Incident/accident reporting & investigations
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Causes of Action None on record
Defendant(s) Escambia County Sheriffs Office
Plaintiff Description DOJ Investigation of the use of force by the Escambia County Sheriffs Office
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2012
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Federal Enforcement of Police Reform
By: Stephen Rushin (University of Illinois College of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program )
Citation: 82 Fordham Law Review 3189 (2014)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Panopticism for Police: Structural Reform Bargaining and Police Regulation by Data-Driven Surveillance
By: Mary D. Fan (University of Washington)
Citation: Forthcoming, 87 Washington L. Rev. __ (2012).
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Written: Nov. 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Technical Assistance Letter 09/04/2012
PN-FL-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Justice Department Finds Unconstitutional Conditions of Confinement at Escambia County, Fla. Jail 05/22/2013
PN-FL-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Judges None on record
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
PN-FL-0004-0001
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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