University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Guzzo v. Mead PB-WY-0002
Docket / Court 14-cv-00200-SWS ( D. Wyo. )
State/Territory Wyoming
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Same-Sex Marriage
Attorney Organization National Center for Lesbian Rights
Case Summary
On October 7, 2014, four same-sex couples and Wyoming Equality filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Wyoming under 42 U.S.C § 1983 against the State of Wyoming. The four couples live in Wyoming, two seek to get married in the state and the others seek to have ... read more >
On October 7, 2014, four same-sex couples and Wyoming Equality filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Wyoming under 42 U.S.C § 1983 against the State of Wyoming. The four couples live in Wyoming, two seek to get married in the state and the others seek to have their marriages, performed in other jurisdictions, legally recognized in the state. Wyoming Equality is a non-profit organization that works on behalf of LGBT causes in the state. The plaintiffs asked the court to preliminarily and permanently enjoin the enforcement of Wyoming Statute 20-1-101, which denies marriage licenses to same-sex couples and forbids the recognition of same-sex marriages performed elsewhere. The plaintiffs argued that by defining marriage as only between a man and a woman, the law deprives same-sex couples of the right to due process and the equal protection of the laws in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. In addition, the plaintiffs argued that the law must be overturned in light of the Tenth Circuit's decisions in Kitchen v. Herbert and Bishop v. Smith, which both held that laws banning same-sex marriage are unconstitutional. The plaintiffs also sought the costs, expenses, and attorneys' fees related to the lawsuit.

On October 17, 2014, the United States District Court (Judge Scott W. Skavdahl) entered an order preliminarily enjoining the enforcement of Wyoming Statute 20-1-101, ruling Kitchen and Bishop controlled the outcome of the case. The court (Judge Skavdahl) found that Wyoming's ban on same sex marriage did violate the couples' rights under the Fourteenth Amendment.

Defendants decided not to appeal the case to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit and on January 29, 2015 the court (Judge Skavdahl) entered an order permanently enjoining Wyoming from enforcing statute 20-1-101.

Thomas Topping - 02/09/2015


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Sexual orientatation
General
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Marriage
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit religious organization
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of Wyoming
Plaintiff Description The plaintiffs are four couples that live in Wyoming and Wyoming Equality, a non-profit organization that works on behalf of LGBT causes in the state.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations National Center for Lesbian Rights
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 2015 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2015
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Limited Partnership
http://www.limitedpartnershipmovie.com/
By: Thomas G. Miller
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  United States Government says L.A. Gay Couple’s 1975 Marriage is Valid
The Pride L.A.
Written: Jun. 07, 2016
By: Troy Masters
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:14−cv−00200−SWS (D. Wyo.) 01/29/2015
PB-WY-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 10/07/2014
PB-WY-0002-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs’ Motion And Brief In Support Of Preliminary Injunction And Temporary Restraining Order 10/08/2014
PB-WY-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Preliminary Injunction and Temporary Stay 10/17/2014 (2014 WL 5317797) (D. Wyo.)
PB-WY-0002-0002.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Defendant Debra K. Lathrop, Laramie County Clerk 10/17/2014
PB-WY-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Lifting Temporary Stay 10/20/2014 (D. Wyo.)
PB-WY-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Judgment on the Pleadings and Permanent Injunction 01/29/2015 (D. Wyo.)
PB-WY-0002-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Skavdahl, Scott Wesley (D. Wyo.) [Magistrate]
PB-WY-0002-0002 | PB-WY-0002-0004 | PB-WY-0002-0006 | PB-WY-0002-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Jahanian, Arash (Colorado)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Lyman, L. James (Colorado)
PB-WY-0002-0005 | PB-WY-0002-9000
Minter, Shannon (California)
PB-WY-0002-0005 | PB-WY-0002-9000
Mohamedbhai, Qusair (Colorado)
PB-WY-0002-0005 | PB-WY-0002-9000
Stoever, Thomas W. Jr. (Colorado)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Stoll, Christopher Francis (California)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Zubrod, Tracy L. (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-0001 | PB-WY-0002-0005 | PB-WY-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Crecelius, Jared Scott (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Haggerty, Bernard P. (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Hardsocg, Martin L. (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Kaste, James C. (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Michael, Peter K. (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Robinson, Michael M. (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Schelhaas, Ryan T. (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-9000
Voss, Mark (Wyoming)
PB-WY-0002-0003 | PB-WY-0002-9000
Other Lawyers Voss, Andrew J. (Minnesota)
PB-WY-0002-0003

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