University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Brenner v. Scott PB-FL-0015
Docket / Court 4:14-cv-00107-RH-CAS ( N.D. Fla. )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Same-Sex Marriage
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
Case Summary
On February 28, 2014, a same-sex couple married outside of the state of Florida filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida against the state of Florida. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought injunctive relief under 42 U.S.C. 1983 , declaratory ... read more >
On February 28, 2014, a same-sex couple married outside of the state of Florida filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida against the state of Florida. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought injunctive relief under 42 U.S.C. 1983 , declaratory judgment, and costs. Specifically, the plaintiffs claimed the state ban against same-sex marriage violated their rights under the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, the First Amendment (right to associate) and violated the Supremacy Clause and the Establishment Clause. This case is captioned Brenner v. Scott.

On March 12, 2014, several same-sex couples married outside of the state of Florida, represented by the ACLU and private counsel, filed essentially an identical lawsuit, also in the Northern District of Florida. This case was Grimsley v. Scott. On April 21, 2014, the Court (Judge Robert L. Hinkle), upon a joint motion, consolidated the two cases for case management purposes. Both are addressed in this summary and Clearinghouse case record. On April 24, 2014, Judge Hinkle denied permission to Florida Family Action, a "cultural action organization" that opposes same-sex marriage, to intervene as a party. FFA could file amicus briefs, however. Brenner v. Scott, 298 F.R.D. 689 (N.D. Fla. 2014).

On August 21, 2014, Judge Hinkle issued a preliminary injunction, finding Florida's ban against same-sex marriage a violation of plaintiffs' fundamental right to marry under the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses (using strict scrutiny in the analysis). The Court stayed the preliminary injunction in these cases until 91 days after similar stays are denied or lifted in three cases pending in the 4th and 10th Circuit Courts--Bostic v. Schaefer, 2014 WL 3702493 (4th Cir. July 28, 2014); Bishop v. Smith, 2014 WL 3537847 (10th Cir. July 18, 2014); and Kitchen v. Herbert, 2014 WL 2868044 (10th Cir. June 25, 2014). Brenner v. Scott, -- F.Supp.2d --, 2014 WL 4113100 (N.D. Fla. 2014).

On June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States declared, in an opinion by Justice Kennedy in reference to the case Obergefell v. Hodges, that he right to marry was fundamental. In the opinion the Court held that it demeans gay and lesbian couples to deprive them of access to marriage. The 14th Amendment therefore does not allow states to ban same-sex marriage. Kennedy was joined without further writing by Justices Ginsburg, Breyer, Kagan, and Sotomayor. Each of the four dissenters--Chief Justice Roberts, and Justices Scalia, Thomas, and Alito--wrote a dissent.

On August 4, 2015, the Brenner v. Scott plaintiffs filed Motion for Summary Judgment, and, on October 19, 2015, the court issued a Court's Order of Dismissal which dismissed the appeal of the original defendants, and transferred consideration of attorney's fees to the District Court. On January 12, 2016, the issue of appellate's attorney's fees was also transferred to the District Court for consideration.

Tifani Sadek - 08/26/2014
Faith Sparr - 08/28/2014
Megan Dolan - 10/25/2015


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
Sexual orientatation
General
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Marriage
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of Florida
Plaintiff Description Same-sex couples married outside of the state of Florida who wish to have their marriages recognized in the state of Florida.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
None yet
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 2015 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Limited Partnership
http://www.limitedpartnershipmovie.com/
By: Thomas G. Miller
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  United States Government says L.A. Gay Couple’s 1975 Marriage is Valid
The Pride L.A.
Written: Jun. 07, 2016
By: Troy Masters
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:14-cv-00138-RH-CAS (N.D. Fla.) 08/21/2014
PB-FL-0015-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
4:14−cv−00107 (N.D. Fla.) 02/18/2016
PB-FL-0015-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 02/28/2014
PB-FL-0015-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF 03/12/2014
PB-FL-0015-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Verified Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 03/18/2014
PB-FL-0015-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 04/10/2014
PB-FL-0015-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Denying Leave for Florida Family Action to Intervene but Allowing It to Participate as Amicus 04/24/2014 (298 F.R.D. 689) (N.D. Fla.)
PB-FL-0015-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Denying the Motions to Dismiss, Granting a Preliminary Injunction, and Temporarily Staying the Injunction 08/21/2014 (999 F.Supp.2d 1278) (N.D. Fla.)
PB-FL-0015-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Court's Order of Dismissal 10/19/2015
PB-FL-0015-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Hinkle, Robert Lewis (N.D. Fla.)
PB-FL-0015-0003 | PB-FL-0015-0006 | PB-FL-0015-9000 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Marcus, Stanley (Eleventh Circuit, S.D. Fla.)
PB-FL-0015-0007
Martin, Beverly Baldwin (Eleventh Circuit, N.D. Ga.)
PB-FL-0015-0007
Stampelos, Charles A (N.D. Fla.) [Magistrate]
PB-FL-0015-9001
Wilson, Charles R. (Eleventh Circuit, M.D. Fla.) [Magistrate]
PB-FL-0015-0007
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Cooper, Leslie (New York)
PB-FL-0015-0001 | PB-FL-0015-0004
Demaggio, Bryan Everett (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0002 | PB-FL-0015-0005 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Graessle, Jonathan W. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0002 | PB-FL-0015-0005
Jacobson, Samuel S (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0002 | PB-FL-0015-0005 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Kachergus, Matthew R. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0002 | PB-FL-0015-0005
Kayanan, Maria (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0001 | PB-FL-0015-0004 | PB-FL-0015-9000 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Rosenthal, Stephen Frederick (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0001 | PB-FL-0015-0004 | PB-FL-0015-9000 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Sevier, Chris (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9001
Sheppard, William J. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0002 | PB-FL-0015-0005 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Stevenson, Benjamin James (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0001 | PB-FL-0015-9000
Tilley, Daniel Boaz (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0001 | PB-FL-0015-0004 | PB-FL-0015-9000 | PB-FL-0015-9001
White, Elizabeth L. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-0002 | PB-FL-0015-0005
Defendant's Lawyers Goodman, James Jeffery Jr (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9001
Henderson, Mark John (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9001
Mihet, Horatio G. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9000 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Reynolds, Jay Patrick (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9001
Stafford, William Henry Jr. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9001
Tanenbaum, Adam S. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9000 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Winsor, Allen C. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9000 | PB-FL-0015-9001
Other Lawyers Emmanuel, Stephen C. (Florida)
PB-FL-0015-9001

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