University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States of America v. Tatum Independence School District SD-TX-0012
Docket / Court 6:08-cv-00192-LED ( E.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) School Desegregation
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On September 10, 1969, the United States filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas against the Tatum County Independent School District. The U.S. sued under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The U.S. sought to fully desegregate the Tatum Independent ... read more >
On September 10, 1969, the United States filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas against the Tatum County Independent School District. The U.S. sued under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The U.S. sought to fully desegregate the Tatum Independent School District which operated two campuses, Tatum (grades 1-12) and the virtually all-black Mayflower campus (grades 1-5).

On September 13, 1969 the Court determined that the "freedom of choice" plan under which the school district operated was ineffective and issued a preliminary injunction requiring that class assignments be made on a non-racial basis. The District fully desegregated its school and maintained a desegregated system while undergoing demographic changes. By the 2006-2007 school year, 26% of students enrolled in the district were African-American, 52% were while and 21% were Hispanic. There was no evidence of discrimination in facilities, transportation or extra-curricular activities.

On May 19, 2008, based on the data provided by the school district and surrounding evidence, the Court concluded that the Tatum County Independent School District had met the legal standards for desegregation and dismissed the action.

Maria Ricaurte - 10/03/2015


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Racial segregation
School/University policies
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Causes of Action Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.
Defendant(s) Tatum County Independent School District
Plaintiff Description United States Government
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted Moot
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement Voluntary Dismissal
Order Duration 2008 - 2008
Case Closing Year 2008
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
6:08−cv−00192−LED (E.D. Tex.) 05/15/2008
SD-TX-0012-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Agreed Order of Dismissal 05/19/2008 (E.D. Tex.)
SD-TX-0012-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Davis, Leonard E. (E.D. Tex.)
SD-TX-0012-0001
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Becker, Grace Chung (District of Columbia)
SD-TX-0012-0001
Glassman, Jeremiah (District of Columbia)
SD-TX-0012-0001 | SD-TX-0012-9000
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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