University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name J.E.F.M. v. Holder IM-WA-0023
Docket / Court Case 2:14-cv-01026 ( W.D. Wash. )
State/Territory Washington
Case Type(s) Immigration
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU of Southern California
Case Summary
On July 9, 2014, a class action lawsuit was filed on behalf of all children who are or will be in immigration proceedings who do not have legal representation in their proceedings. The suit was filed in the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington under the Immigration ... read more >
On July 9, 2014, a class action lawsuit was filed on behalf of all children who are or will be in immigration proceedings who do not have legal representation in their proceedings. The suit was filed in the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) against the U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel and several public interest groups, seek declaratory and injunctive relief, claiming that the defendants' failure to ensure legal representation for the plaintiffs and the putative class at immigration proceedings violates the INA and the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

On September 29, 2014, the Court (District Judge Thomas S. Zilly) denied plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction. Plaintiffs' motion did not ask the Court to compel the defendants to provide them with legal representation at government expense; rather, it sought an order enjoining defendants from denying continuances of plaintiffs' removal proceedings. However, the Court found that plaintiffs had not first sought such continuances from immigration judges, and held that plaintiffs' motion was "not ripe for adjudication" and that it "currently lacks jurisdiction to grant the specific relief sought by plaintiffs." The Court further stated that "[t]he core issue of whether plaintiffs are entitled, under the Fifth Amendment, to counsel at government expense is not now before the Court and must await another day."


In its September 29, 2014 Order, the Court further stated that it was deferring a ruling on plaintiffs' class certification motion until it considered Defendants' recently-filed motion to dismiss. Briefing on the motion to dismiss is currently ongoing.

Dan Whitman - 09/30/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief denied
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Juveniles
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Deportation - judicial review
Deportation - procedure
Immigration lawyers
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. ยงยง 1101 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) U.S. Department of Justice
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Plaintiff Description Putative class of all individuals under the age of eighteen (18) who are or will be in immigration proceedings on or after July 9, 2014, without legal representation in their immigration proceedings.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
ACLU of Southern California
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Pending
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:14-cv-01026 (W.D. Wash.) 10/24/2016
IM-WA-0023-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint--Class Action 07/09/2014
IM-WA-0023-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint--Class Action 09/04/2014
IM-WA-0023-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Motion To Dismiss 09/19/2014
IM-WA-0023-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order denying Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction and deferring Plaintiffs' Motion for Class Certification until resolution of Defendants' Motion To Dismiss 09/29/2014 (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0023-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 04/13/2015 (107 F.Supp.3d 1119) (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0023-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 08/27/2015 (2015 WL 9839679) (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0023-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Amended Complaint - Class Action 12/04/2015
IM-WA-0023-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 01/21/2016 (2016 WL 4533605) (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0023-0008.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 04/15/2016 (2016 WL 1531914) (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0023-0009.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 06/24/2016 (2016 WL 3458352) (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0023-0010.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 09/20/2016 (837 F.3d 1026)
IM-WA-0023-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Kleinfeld, Andrew Jay (Ninth Circuit, D. Alaska) [Magistrate]
IM-WA-0023-0011
McKeown, M. Margaret (Ninth Circuit)
IM-WA-0023-0011
Zilly, Thomas Samuel (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0023-0002 | IM-WA-0023-0005 | IM-WA-0023-0006 | IM-WA-0023-0008 | IM-WA-0023-0009 | IM-WA-0023-0010 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adams, Matthew (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-0001 | IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Angelis, Theodore J. (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Arulanantham, Ahilan T (California)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Baker, La Rond (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-9000
Chen, Margaret (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Creighton, Emily J. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-9000
Crow, Melissa E. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Dunne, Sarah A. (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Garcia, Heidi Craig (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Iguina, Carmen G. (California)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Inlender, Talia R. (California)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Jackson, Kristen M. (California)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Kang, Stephen B. (California)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Macleod-Ball, Kristin A. (Massachusetts)
IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Madrid, Glenda Melinda Aldana (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Nunn, Todd L. (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Wang, Cecillia D (California)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-0007 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Werlin, Beth (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0004 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Andrapalliyal, Vinita (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-9000
Branda, Joyce R. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003
Darrow, Joseph A. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-9000
Davila, Yamileth G. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Evans, Walter Manning (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-9000
Fresco, Leon (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Kisor, Colin A. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Maloney, Sarah (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003
Murley, Nicole N. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-9000
Parascandola, Christina B. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-9000
Peachey, William Charles (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003
Perez, Elianis N. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Reuveni, Erez (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Silvis, William C. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Taylor, Margaret Kuehne (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-0003 | IM-WA-0023-9000
Wilson, Sarah S. (District of Columbia)
IM-WA-0023-9000
Other Lawyers Glasgow, Rebecca Ripoli (Washington)
IM-WA-0023-9000

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