University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name CRIPA Investigation, Washington County (MD) JC-MD-0002
Docket / Court No Court Case ( No Court )
State/Territory Maryland
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
In 1996, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice notified Washington County, Maryland that the Department intended to investigate the county's Detention Center for unconstitutional jail conditions. The DOJ was particularly concerned with inadequate suicide prevention at the ... read more >
In 1996, the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice notified Washington County, Maryland that the Department intended to investigate the county's Detention Center for unconstitutional jail conditions. The DOJ was particularly concerned with inadequate suicide prevention at the Detention Center but also with overcrowding and unsanitary conditions; inadequate medical care, nutrition, and opportunities for exercise; lack of access to the courts; physical and verbal abuse by staff; and failure to respond to inmate grievances.

In 1997, following the investigation, the DOJ notified the President of the Board of its findings and made recommendations regarding suicide prevention, medical care, opportunities for outdoor exercise, hygiene in intake, sanitation in the female housing unit, and access to the courts. It appears that the Attorney General did not file suit against the Detention Center, so there was never a court proceeding.

Lauren Cutson - 05/19/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Classification / placement
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Suicide prevention
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Suicide prevention
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Washington County Detention Center
Plaintiff Description United States Department of Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  An Analysis of CRIPA Findings Letters Issued to Jails for Constitutional Violations by the Department of Justice
Written: Apr. 15, 2016
By: Jeff Mellow, Bryce E. Peterson & Mijin Kim (John Jay College of Criminal Justice)
Citation: Am. J. Crim. Just. (April 2016)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Memorandum: Proposed CRIPA Investigation of the Washington County Detention Center, Hagerstown, Maryland 03/07/1996
JC-MD-0002-0001 PDF | Detail
Notice Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of the Washington County Detention Center, Hagerstown, Maryland 04/22/1996
JC-MD-0002-0002 PDF | Detail
Memorandum re: Findings Letter re: CRIPA Investigation of the Washington County Detention Center, Hagerstown, Maryland 03/27/1997
JC-MD-0002-0003 PDF | Detail
Judges None on record
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
JC-MD-0002-0002
Peabody, Arthur E. Jr. (District of Columbia)
JC-MD-0002-0001
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia)
JC-MD-0002-0003
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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