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Case Name Michigan Catholic Conference v. Sebelius FA-MI-0014
Docket / Court 1:13-cv-01247 ( W.D. Mich. )
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Speech and Religious Freedom
Special Collection Contraception Insurance Mandate
Case Summary
On November 14, 2013, a non-profit organization filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan under the First Amendment, Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) and the Administrative Procedure Act against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The ... read more >
On November 14, 2013, a non-profit organization filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan under the First Amendment, Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) and the Administrative Procedure Act against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The plaintiff asked the court to rule that the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) contraception insurance mandate, even with the accommodation for non-profit religious organizations, is unconstitutional. Specifically, the plaintiff asked for a permanent injunction keeping the government from enforcing the contraception insurance mandate against the organization and other similarly situated religious non-profits.

On November 20, 2013, the plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary injunction. On December 27, 2013, U.S. District Court (Judge Gordon J. Quist) denied this motion on the grounds that the accommodation to the ACA mandate does not substantially burden the plaintiffs' religious freedom under RFRA or cause the plaintiffs irreparable harm. The plaintiff appealed the decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit, and on January 3, 2014, U.S. District Court (Judge Gordon J. Quist) granted the plaintiff's motion for injunctive relief pending appeal.

On January 13, 2014, the Court of Appeals granted the U.S.'s motion to consolidate this appeal with Roman Catholic Diocese of Nashville v. Sebelius. The oral argument occurred on May 8, 2014, before Circuit Judges Karen Nelson Moore and John M. Rogers, and District Judge John Nixon (sitting by designation). On June 11, 2014, in an opinion by Judge Moore, the Sixth Circuit affirmed the District Judge's denial of a preliminary injunction, for all plaintiffs. Organizations exempt from the contraception mandate faced no burden on their exercise of their religion, and therefore were unlikely to succeed in proving a violation of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. And organizations eligible to receive an "accommodation" under the law needed only to provide a "self-certification" that documented that they had a religious objection. This self-certification did not constitute an unlawful religious burden, Judge Moore explained. For similar reasons, the law did not violate the First Amendment's free speech, free exercise, or establishment clauses.

Mallory Jones - 03/15/2014
- 06/12/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Free Exercise Clause
Freedom of speech/association
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief denied
Defendant-type
Hospital/Health Department
Discrimination-basis
Religion discrimination
General
Contraception
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Non-government non-profit
Causes of Action Religious Freedom Rest. Act/Religious Land Use and Inst. Persons Act (RFRA/RLUIPA)
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. ยงยง 551 et seq.
Defendant(s) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. Department of Labor
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Plaintiff Description A non-profit organization that believes the ACA's contraception mandate violates the members' religious freedom, even with the government's accommodation for religious non-profits.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None yet
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing FA-TN-0001 : Roman Catholic Diocese of Nashville v. Sebelius (M.D. Tenn.)
Docket(s)
1:13-cv-1247 (W.D. Mich.) 01/09/2014
FA-MI-0014-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint and Demand for Jury Trial 11/14/2013
FA-MI-0014-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Request for Oral Argument 11/20/2013
FA-MI-0014-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum of Law in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Request for Oral Argument 11/27/2013
FA-MI-0014-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Motion to Dismiss or, in the alternative, for Summary Judgment 12/16/2013
FA-MI-0014-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Combined Memorandum in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction, and in Support of Motion to Dismiss Or, In the alternative, for Summary Judgment 12/17/2013
FA-MI-0014-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 12/27/2013 (989 F.Supp.2d 577) (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0014-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Denying Motion for Preliminary Injunction 12/27/2013 (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0014-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction Pending Appeal 12/27/2013
FA-MI-0014-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum of Law in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction Pending Appeal 12/27/2013
FA-MI-0014-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Michigan Catholic Conference v. Sebelius 12/30/2013
FA-MI-0014-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 01/03/2014 (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0014-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Order 01/03/2014
FA-MI-0014-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion { U.S Court of Appeals affirming district courts' denial of preliminary injunctions} 06/11/2014 (755 F.3d 372)
FA-MI-0014-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Batchelder, Alice Moore (N.D. Ohio, Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0014-0012
Moore, Karen Nelson (Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0014-0013
Quist, Gordon Jay (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0014-0006 | FA-MI-0014-0007 | FA-MI-0014-0011 | FA-MI-0014-9000
Rogers, John M. (Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0014-0013
Siler, Eugene Edward Jr. (E.D. Ky., W.D. Ky., Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0014-0012
Stranch, Jane Branstetter (Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0014-0012
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bardelli, Edward J. (Michigan)
FA-MI-0014-0001 | FA-MI-0014-0002 | FA-MI-0014-0003 | FA-MI-0014-0008 | FA-MI-0014-0009
Flannery, Jennifer Brinkman (Ohio)
FA-MI-0014-0001 | FA-MI-0014-0002 | FA-MI-0014-0003 | FA-MI-0014-0008 | FA-MI-0014-0009 | FA-MI-0014-9000
Kairis, Matthew A (Ohio)
FA-MI-0014-0001 | FA-MI-0014-0002 | FA-MI-0014-0003 | FA-MI-0014-0008 | FA-MI-0014-0009 | FA-MI-0014-9000
Kennedy, Ian R. (Michigan)
FA-MI-0014-0002 | FA-MI-0014-0003 | FA-MI-0014-0008 | FA-MI-0014-0009
Kilmartin, Alison J. (Pennsylvania)
FA-MI-0014-0001 | FA-MI-0014-0002 | FA-MI-0014-0003 | FA-MI-0014-0008 | FA-MI-0014-0009 | FA-MI-0014-9000
O'Reilly, Rebecca D'Arcy (Michigan)
FA-MI-0014-0001 | FA-MI-0014-0002 | FA-MI-0014-0003 | FA-MI-0014-0008 | FA-MI-0014-0009 | FA-MI-0014-9000
Van Dusen, Thomas (Michigan)
FA-MI-0014-0001 | FA-MI-0014-0002 | FA-MI-0014-0003 | FA-MI-0014-0008 | FA-MI-0014-0009 | FA-MI-0014-9000
Wilson, Paula Batt (Ohio)
FA-MI-0014-0001 | FA-MI-0014-0002 | FA-MI-0014-0003 | FA-MI-0014-0008 | FA-MI-0014-0009 | FA-MI-0014-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Delery, Stuart F. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0014-0004 | FA-MI-0014-0005 | FA-MI-0014-0010
Hartnett, Kathleen R. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0014-0004 | FA-MI-0014-0005 | FA-MI-0014-0010
Miles, Patrick A. Jr. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0014-0004 | FA-MI-0014-0005 | FA-MI-0014-0010
Pruski, Jacek (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0014-0004 | FA-MI-0014-0005 | FA-MI-0014-0010 | FA-MI-0014-9000
Ricketts, Jennifer (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0014-0004 | FA-MI-0014-0005 | FA-MI-0014-0010
Other Lawyers None on record

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