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Case Name Bull v. Tulsa Sch. Dist. 1 ED-OK-0004
Docket / Court 4:96-cv-00180 ( N.D. Okla. )
State/Territory Oklahoma
Case Type(s) Education
Case Summary
On March 8, 2006, parents, as next friends of their minor daughters, individually and on behalf of those similarly situated, filed a class action lawsuit against Independent School District No. 1 of Tulsa County, also known as Tulsa Public Schools ("TPS"). The lawsuit was in the United States ... read more >
On March 8, 2006, parents, as next friends of their minor daughters, individually and on behalf of those similarly situated, filed a class action lawsuit against Independent School District No. 1 of Tulsa County, also known as Tulsa Public Schools ("TPS"). The lawsuit was in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma, and proceeded under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681 et seq. Plaintiffs, represented by attorneys from the National Women's Law Center and by private counsel, claimed that TPS had violated Title IX by denying female student athletes' equal treatment and benefits in comparison with male student athletes.

The case was assigned to Judge Sven Erik Holmes, who held a class certification hearing on May 7, 1996, and on May 16, certified the class of "All present and future female students enrolled at Tulsa Public schools who participate, seek to participate, or are deterred from participating in interscholastic and other school−sponsored athletics at Tulsa Public Schools."

The case proceeded with settlement negotiations and tours of the School District's schools by the court. On June 6, 1997, a consent decree was entered. It required the District to build seven new softball fields and renovate two more; continue efforts to encourage increased female participation in school-sponsored sports; provide equitable access to practice and weight facilities, locker rooms, training and compensation of coaches, equipment, lodging, meals, medical services, supplies, training, travel, uniforms; provide equitably information to sports media; the scheduling of game and practice; and create gender neutral procedures for hiring of coaches.

Plaintiffs were awarded attorney's fees and costs in the amount of $80,048.67. On January 20, 1998, the parties filed a joint stipulation of dismissal.

Heather Turner - 06/03/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals and Timekeeping
Hire
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
General
Failure to train
Funding
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681 et seq.
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Tulsa Public Schools
Plaintiff Description All present and future female students enrolled at Tulsa Public schools who participate, seek to participate, or are deterred from participating in interscholastic and other school−sponsored athletics at Tulsa Public Schools.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1997 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1998
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Courts and Kids: Pursuing Educational Equity Through the State Courts
By: Michael Rebell (Columbia University, and Campaign for Educational Equity)
Citation: (University of Chicago Press, 2009)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Gender Equity In Athletics: The New Battleground of Interscholastic Sports
By: Ray Yasser & Samuel J. Schiller (University of Tulsa College of Law)
Citation: 15 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 371 (1997).
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Gender Equity in Interscholastic Sports: A Case Study
By: Ray Yasser & Samuel J. Schiller (University of Tulsa College of Law)
Citation: 33 Tulsa L.J. 273 (1997)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Links Dear Colleague Letter: Athletic Activities Counted for Title IX Compliance
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/index.html
Posted: Sep. 17, 2008
By: United States Department of Education—Office of Civil Rights (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:96−cv−00180 (N.D. Okla.) 01/20/1998
ED-OK-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
No documents currently in the collection
Judges Holmes, Sven Erik (N.D. Okla.)
ED-OK-0004-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Appelbaum, Judith C. (District of Columbia)
ED-OK-0004-9000
Brake, Deborah (District of Columbia)
ED-OK-0004-9000
Schiller, Samuel (Tennessee)
ED-OK-0004-9000
Yasser, Raymond (Oklahoma)
ED-OK-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Long, Karen Lea (Oklahoma)
ED-OK-0004-9000
Mann, J Douglas (Oklahoma)
ED-OK-0004-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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