University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name Beal v. Midlothian Independent School District ED-TX-0003
Docket / Court 01-CV-00746 ( N.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Education
Case Summary
Parents, as next of friend of female students of Midlothian Public School District, filed suit against the school district under Title IX of the Education Amendment, 20 U.S.C. § 1681, and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, on April 18, 2001 in the U.S. District Court for the ... read more >
Parents, as next of friend of female students of Midlothian Public School District, filed suit against the school district under Title IX of the Education Amendment, 20 U.S.C. § 1681, and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, on April 18, 2001 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas. The plaintiffs alleged that the school district had violated Title IX by discriminating against female students as to the sports and opportunities offered. Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged that the defendants discriminated against female students in the funding of athletics, equipment and supplies, travel and/or meals, opportunity to receive qualified coaching, assignment and/or compensation of coaches, provision of locker rooms and facilities for practice and competition, and the provision of training facilities and services. Plaintiffs sought class certification for all female students in the Midlothian School District.

On May 21, 2002, Judge Sam Lindsay held that plaintiffs lacked standing to assert effective accommodation claims. Because the plaintiffs already participated in interscholastic athletics, they could not demonstrate an "injury in fact" with respect to effective accommodations. The court held that plaintiffs did have standing to pursue their unequal treatment claims. In the same opinion, the court certified the class of female students at Midlothian schools.

On September 11, 2002, the court entered a consent decree, absent any admission of wrong-doing by the defendants, based on a joint stipulation of the parties. Among other things, the parties agreed that the school district would continue to encourage participation in school-sponsored sports via notification to all students of sports offered, maintain accurate accounting records of expenditures for male and female sports, maintain a commitment to providing off-season training to all female sports on a basis equivalent with that provided for male sports, publish a policy in the school handbook of the district's policy of equal treatment for male and female athletes, provide coach to athlete ratios for female sports equal to that of male sports, and avoid cancellation of games for gender reasons. The district also agreed to provide summer camps for female sports, provide trainers to female athletes, provide comparable athletic facilities for male and female students in facilities built after January 1, 2002, and to provide spectator facilities for the softball competition field equivalent to those of the baseball field.

The case was dismissed with prejudice on January 22, 2003.



Carlyn Williams - 02/02/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Recordkeeping
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
Plaintiff Type
City/County Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681 et seq.
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Midlothian Independent School District
Plaintiff Description Parents, as next of friend of female high school students at Midlothian Public Schools in Midlothian Texas.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Conditional Dismissal
Order Duration 2002 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2003
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Courts and Kids: Pursuing Educational Equity Through the State Courts
By: Michael Rebell (Columbia University, and Campaign for Educational Equity)
Citation: (University of Chicago Press, 2009)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Links Dear Colleague Letter: Athletic Activities Counted for Title IX Compliance
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/index.html
Posted: Sep. 17, 2008
By: United States Department of Education—Office of Civil Rights (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:01-cv-746 (N.D. Tex.) 01/22/2003
ED-TX-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint - Class Action 04/18/2001
ED-TX-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Mediation Order 06/26/2001 (N.D. Tex.)
ED-TX-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order 05/21/2002 (2002 WL 1033085) (N.D. Tex.)
ED-TX-0003-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Consent Decree 09/11/2002 (N.D. Tex.)
ED-TX-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order of Dismissal 01/22/2003 (N.D. Tex.)
ED-TX-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Lindsay, Sam A. (N.D. Tex.)
ED-TX-0003-0002 | ED-TX-0003-0003 | ED-TX-0003-0004 | ED-TX-0003-0005 | ED-TX-0003-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Schiller, Samuel (Tennessee)
ED-TX-0003-0004 | ED-TX-0003-0005 | ED-TX-0003-9000
Yasser, Raymond (Oklahoma)
ED-TX-0003-0005 | ED-TX-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Kizzia, Dawn Bradley (Texas)
ED-TX-0003-0004 | ED-TX-0003-0005 | ED-TX-0003-9000
Stammel, Nicole Woods (Texas)
ED-TX-0003-0005 | ED-TX-0003-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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