University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name R.J. v. Bishop JI-IL-0004
Docket / Court 1:12-cv-07289 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Special Collection Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
On September 12, 2012, youths confined in facilities operated by the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice (IDJJ) filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois under 42 ... read more >
On September 12, 2012, youths confined in facilities operated by the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice (IDJJ) filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois under 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983 and 1988 and 28 U.S.C. § 2201 against the IDJJ. The plaintiffs, represented by counsel from the Roger Baldwin Foundation of the ACLU, asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, claiming that systemic IDJJ conditions, services, and treatment violated the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged that the IDJJ:
  • Failed to provide youths with minimally adequate education and mental health;
  • Failed to protect youths;
  • Subjected youths to improper and excessive room confinement; and
  • Held youths beyond their release dates after failing to secure appropriate community placement.
In October 2012, the District Court (Judge Matthew F. Kennelly) certified a plaintiff class consisting of all youths who are, and/or in the future will be, confined by the IDJJ, and a sub-class consisting of all members who have special education needs.

In December 2012, the District Court approved a consent decree and appointed three experts to investigate IDJJ conditions and services and report their findings and recommendations. In September 2013, the experts filed their reports, which found inadequate education and mental health services, excessive solitary confinement, and other deficiencies.

Under the terms of the consent decree, the parties jointly submitted a proposed remedial plan on March 14, 2014, followed by a revised plan on April 4, 2014. The District Court approved the remedial plan on April 7, 2014, obligating the IDJJ to implement the plan, and the ACLU and court-appointed experts to monitor and enforce the plan.

Beginning in July 2014, the parties and court-appointed monitors negotiated, and the District Court approved, numerous changes to IDJJ policy in such areas as special education, individualized mental health services, and protection of LGBT youth. Further, on April 24, 2015, the District Court approved a new confinement policy that:
  • Completely prohibits punitive isolation;
  • Narrowly limits non-punitive isolation for purposes of safety;
  • Guarantees that youths placed in non-punitive isolation will continue to receive ordinary education and mental health services; and
  • Mandates that youths confined for 24 hours or longer be allowed out of their rooms for at least 8 hours each day.
In addition, the District Court has awarded the plaintiffs $502,666 in attorneys' fees and costs to date.

As of June 5, 2015, the case is ongoing: the remedial plan and consent decree remain in effect for the duration of the monitoring term, which ends when a facility is found to be in compliance for one full year, and is found to remain in compliance after review by the experts one year later. However, either party may ask the court to extend the monitoring term.

Jessica Kincaid - 03/28/2014
Robert Lake - 06/05/2015


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Reporting
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Disability
Mental impairment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Assault/abuse by staff
Conditions of confinement
Confinement/isolation
Disciplinary procedures
Disciplinary segregation
Education
Excessive force
Failure to discipline
Failure to train
Juveniles
Over/Unlawful Detention
Pepper/OC spray
Protective custody
Special education
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Mental health care, general
Suicide prevention
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice
Plaintiff Description Class of youths confined in secure facilities operated by the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2012 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Links Federal court approves end to solitary confinement of juveniles in Illinois
ACLU of Illinois
Posted: May. 04, 2015
By: ACLU of Illinois
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:12-cv-7289 (N.D. Ill.) 05/29/2015
JI-IL-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Class Action Complaint 09/12/2012
JI-IL-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Certifying Class and Preliminarily Approving Proposed Consent Decree 10/02/2012 (N.D. Ill.)
JI-IL-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree 12/06/2012 (N.D. Ill.)
JI-IL-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Submission of Expert Reports 09/23/2013
JI-IL-0004-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Remedial Plan 04/07/2014 (N.D. Ill.)
JI-IL-0004-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Submission of Policies Pursuant to Paragraph I (3) of the Remedial Plan 07/07/2014
JI-IL-0004-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Supplemental Order 07/17/2014 (N.D. Ill.)
JI-IL-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Supplement to July 7, 2014 Submission of Policies Pursuant to Paragraph I (3) of the Remedial Plan 07/29/2014
JI-IL-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notification of Docket Entry 07/31/2014
JI-IL-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Submission of Policies Pursuant to Paragraph I (3) of the Remedial Plan 08/01/2014
JI-IL-0004-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Submission of Policies Pursuant to Paragraph I (3) of the Remedial Plan 10/20/2014
JI-IL-0004-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Approving Certain Policies 11/26/2014 (N.D. Ill.)
JI-IL-0004-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Submission of Policy Pursuant to Paragraph I (3) of the Remedial Plan 12/05/2014
JI-IL-0004-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Submission of Policies Pursuant to Paragraph I (3) of the Remedial Plan 02/17/2015
JI-IL-0004-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Submission of Monitors' Statement 03/23/2015
JI-IL-0004-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Supplemental Submission Regarding IDJJ's Revised Confinement Policies 03/23/2015
JI-IL-0004-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Submission of Policies Pursuant to Paragraph I (3) of the Remedial Plan 04/20/2015
JI-IL-0004-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notification of Docket Entry 04/21/2015
JI-IL-0004-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Approving Certain Policies 04/24/2015 (N.D. Ill.)
JI-IL-0004-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
New IDJJ policies that prohibit juvenile solitary confinement 04/27/2015
JI-IL-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source:
Judges Kennelly, Matthew F. (N.D. Ill.)
JI-IL-0004-0002 | JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-0005 | JI-IL-0004-0007 | JI-IL-0004-0012 | JI-IL-0004-0018 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bennett, Khadine Marie (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0020 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Brown, Ruth Z. (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0001 | JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Dosch, Joseph Ryan (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0001 | JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Eaton, Maja C. (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0001 | JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Fee, Kevin M. Jr. (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0001 | JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Grossman, Harvey (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0001 | JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Miller, Lindsay Stark (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Schwartz, Adam D. (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0001 | JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-0019 | JI-IL-0004-0020 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Wolf, Benjamin S. (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0001 | JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Beltran, Deborah Morgan (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Dierkes, Michael T. (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-0006 | JI-IL-0004-0008 | JI-IL-0004-0010 | JI-IL-0004-0011 | JI-IL-0004-0013 | JI-IL-0004-0014 | JI-IL-0004-0015 | JI-IL-0004-0016 | JI-IL-0004-0019 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Madigan, Lisa (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0006 | JI-IL-0004-0008 | JI-IL-0004-0010 | JI-IL-0004-0011 | JI-IL-0004-0013 | JI-IL-0004-0014 | JI-IL-0004-0016
Malowitz, Marni M. (Illinois)
JI-IL-0004-0003 | JI-IL-0004-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -