University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name First Unitarian Church of Los Angeles v. National Security Agency NS-CA-0003
Docket / Court 3:13-cv-03287-JSW ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) National Security
Speech and Religious Freedom
Special Collection Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act -- All Matters
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act -- Internet Metadata
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act -- Telephony Metadata
Case Summary
On September 10, 2013, organizations, associations, and advocacy groups, their staffs, and their members who subscribed to major American telecommunication companies filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the National Security Agency ("NSA"), ... read more >
On September 10, 2013, organizations, associations, and advocacy groups, their staffs, and their members who subscribed to major American telecommunication companies filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against the National Security Agency ("NSA"), the Department of Justice, and the United States of America. The plaintiffs, represented by the Electronic Frontier Foundation and private counsel, sought an injunction permanently enjoining the United States' mass call-tracking program and requiring the government to purge from its possession all of the plaintiffs' call records already collected. The plaintiffs claimed that the NSA's ongoing tracking of their phone call exceeded statutory authority under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA") and violated the First, Fourth, and Fifth Amendments. Specifically, the plaintiffs claimed that the NSA's surveillance invaded the plaintiffs' privacy, threatened to dissuade potential clients and others from contacting them, and compromised their ability to serve their clients' interests and their institutional missions.

On July 24, 2013, Judge White granted the plaintiffs' motion to relate this case with Jewel v. NSA, NS-CA-0006, in this Clearinghouse.

This temporary restraining order directly conflicted with an order to destroy all metadata within five years of collection issued by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court in In re Application of the FBI for an Order Requiring the Production of Tangible Things From [Redacted], BR 14-01, NS-DC-0051, in this Clearinghouse. As a result, the FISC granted temporary relief from the five-year destruction requirement but required that telephony metadata being preserved beyond the five-year limitation not be used by the NSA for any purpose.

As of July 1, 2014, the case is ongoing.

Michael Mirdamadi - 04/01/2014
Jessica Kincaid - 07/07/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Freedom of speech/association
Unreasonable search and seizure
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Confidentiality
Phone
Record-keeping
Records Disclosure
Terrorism/Post 9-11 issues
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action FISA Title V order (PATRIOT Act § 215, business records or other tangible things), 50 U.S.C. §§ 1861-1862
FISA Title IV order (pen register/trap-and-trace), 50 U.S.C. §§ 1841-1846
FISA Title I Warrant (Electronic Surveillance), 50 U.S.C. §§ 1801-1812
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) Department of Justice
National Security Agency
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are organizations, associations, and advocacy groups, their staffs, and their members who are current subscribers to major American telecommunication companies.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing NS-CA-0002 : Jewel v. National Security Agency (N.D. Cal.)
NS-CA-0006 : Shubert v. Obama (N.D. Cal.)
Additional Resources
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Links Guest Post: New Resource — Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse FISA Archives
Just Security
Posted: Jun. 26, 2014
By: Margo Schlanger
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:13−cv−03287 (N.D. Cal.) 09/23/2013
NS-CA-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint For Constitutional And Statutory Violations [Seeking Declaratory and Injunctive Relief] 07/16/2013
NS-CA-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint 09/10/2013
NS-CA-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Sascha Meinrath for Acorn Active Media in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Partial Summary Judgment 11/06/2013
NS-CA-0003-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Motion for Partial Summary Judgment that the Telephone Records Program is Unlawful Under Section 215 of the PATRIOT Act and the First Amendment 11/06/2013
NS-CA-0003-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Amicus Curiae of Experts in the History of Executive Surveillances: James Bamford, Loch Johnson, and Peter Fenn 11/15/2013
NS-CA-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Amicus Curiae Pen American Center in Support of Plaintiff's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment 11/18/2013
NS-CA-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers 11/18/2013
NS-CA-0003-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Amici Curiae Senator Ron Wyden, Senator Mark Udall & Senator Martin Heinrich in Support of Plaintiffs 11/18/2013
NS-CA-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Amici Curiae of Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press and 13 Other News Organizations in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Partial Summary Judgment 11/18/2013
NS-CA-0003-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Granting Motion for Temporary Restraining Order] 03/10/2014 (N.D. Cal.)
NS-CA-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Classified Declaration of Teresa H. Shea 03/17/2014
NS-CA-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Judges White, Jeffrey Steven (N.D. Cal.)
NS-CA-0003-0005 | NS-CA-0003-0006 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Antaramian, Aram Vazken (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Berkowitz, Benjamin (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Cohn, Cindy A. (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Greene, David Allen (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Kwun, Michael S. (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Meny, Rachael Elizabeth (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Moore, Thomas Edward III (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-0011 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Opsahl, Kurt Bradford (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Rumold, Mark Thomas (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Tien, Lee (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Tyre, James Samuel (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Wiebe, Richard R. (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Zimmerman, Matthew (California)
NS-CA-0003-0001 | NS-CA-0003-0002 | NS-CA-0003-0003 | NS-CA-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers Abdo, Alex (New York)
NS-CA-0003-0010
Burke, Thomas R. (California)
NS-CA-0003-0007
Cagle, Matthew T (California)
NS-CA-0003-0010
Jaffer, Jameel (New York)
NS-CA-0003-0010
Kaufman, Brett Max (New York)
NS-CA-0003-0010
Koltun, Joshua (California)
NS-CA-0003-0012
Mass, Julia Harumi (California)
NS-CA-0003-0010
Ozer, Nicole A (California)
NS-CA-0003-0010
Page, Michael Henry (California)
NS-CA-0003-0009
Toomey, Patrick Christopher (New York)
NS-CA-0003-0010
Urban, Jennifer M. (California)
NS-CA-0003-0008

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