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Case Name Chang v. US PN-DC-0007
Docket / Court 1:02-cv-02010 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Policing
Case Summary
On October 15, 2002, undergraduates and law students at Georgetown University who had been arrested at a protest in September 2002, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. The plaintiffs sued the District of Columbia, the D.C. police department, the Fairfax, ... read more >
On October 15, 2002, undergraduates and law students at Georgetown University who had been arrested at a protest in September 2002, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. The plaintiffs sued the District of Columbia, the D.C. police department, the Fairfax, Virginia sheriff's department, and several individual police officers under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and Bivens. Represented by a private firm, the plaintiffs asked the court for injunctive and declaratory relief as well as for damages for the injuries that occurred when they were arrested. The plaintiffs claimed that the District of Columbia violated their rights under the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Specifically, the plaintiffs claimed that the ‘trap and arrest’ method of policing, where police surrounded people and arrested them without giving them an order to disperse, violated the plaintiffs’ due process rights while acting as student journalists and legal observers. They further claimed that the police had not warned them of their Miranda rights or their right to counsel and that they had been subjected to false arrest and false imprisonment.

Several other civil cases were filed at the same time as Chang v. United States. The most important of these was the Barham v. Ramsey class action suit. That lawsuit finally settled in 2015. The plaintiffs in Chang declined to join that class.

On January 15, 2008, Judge Emmet J. Sullivan ordered that the plaintiffs’ arrest records be expunged. On January 30, 2008, the case was stayed as the parties were ordered to engage in the mediation process. On January 7, 2009, the stay was lifted and the pre-trial proceedings continued. There was a great deal of contention over discovery; the plaintiffs filed multiple motions to compel the defendants to release information and two motions to impose sanctions on the defendants for discovery abuses. Judge Sullivan appointed Magistrate Judge John Facciola as Special Master on May 5, 2010, to determine if the defendants had engaged in the destruction of evidence in both this case and the Barham case.

On September 19, 2010, Judge Sullivan released an order granting the defendant’s motion for summary judgement on the plaintiff’s claims for equitable relief, saying that the plaintiffs did not have standing to ask for declaratory and injunctive relief. 738 F.Supp.2d 83. After this order, the trial went on only for damages. Contentious discovery continued until April 2012. After the completion of discovery, the proceedings before Magistrate Judge Facciola continued.

Judge Sullivan stayed the proceedings on December 24, 2013 and the parties returned to mediation on June 4, 2014. On November 4, 2014, Magistrate Judge Facciola released his Report and Recommendation of Law, denying all of the plaintiffs’ motions for sanctions. He called the loss of the evidence on the part of the District of Columbia negligent but not malicious, and denied the plaintiffs’ request for attorney fees. On December 30, 2015, the parties once more returned to mediation.

On April 7, 2016, the parties finally settled. The overall settlement amount was $2,810,000. The plaintiffs were awarded $110k each from the District of Columbia and $5000 each from the federal government; the plaintiffs’ attorneys were awarded $2.35 million to be paid by the District of Columbia.

Kat Brausch - 04/16/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Assistance of counsel (6th Amendment)
Due Process
Equal Protection
Freedom of speech/association
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
General
Conditions of confinement
Confinement/isolation
False arrest
Restraints : physical
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
42 U.S.C. § 1985
Bivens
Criminal Conspiracy to Violate Federal Rights, 18 U.S.C. § 241
Defendant(s) District of Columbia
Fairfax County Sheriff's Department
Metro Police Dept. of District of Columbia
National Parks Service
United States of America
Plaintiff Description Multiple persons arrested in trap-and-arrest situations during peaceful protests.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Damages
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Private Settlement Agreement
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing PN-DC-0005 : Barham v. Ramsey (D.D.C.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Federal Enforcement of Police Reform
By: Stephen Rushin (University of Illinois College of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program )
Citation: 82 Fordham Law Review 3189 (2014)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Panopticism for Police: Structural Reform Bargaining and Police Regulation by Data-Driven Surveillance
By: Mary D. Fan (University of Washington)
Citation: Forthcoming, 87 Washington L. Rev. __ (2012).
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Written: Nov. 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:02-cv-2010 (D.D.C.) 04/07/2016
PN-DC-0007-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint 10/15/2002 (2002 WL 32934520)
PN-DC-0007-0002.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order 09/12/2003 (217 F.R.D. 262) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Re: Abbate, et. al v. District of Columbia 09/12/2003
PN-DC-0007-0027.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation of Dismissal of Claims of Plaintiffs Franklin Jones, Erika Rusk, and Keri Rasmussen Pursuant Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1)(ii) 11/24/2003
PN-DC-0007-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation of Dismissal with Prejudice of Claims of Plaintiffs Franklin Jones, Erika Lusk, and Keri Rasmussen Pursuant Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1)(ii) 04/27/2004
PN-DC-0007-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order (Denying that Defendants' Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings) 09/17/2004 (338 F.Supp.2d 20) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Complaint (Amended- Third) 02/07/2005
PN-DC-0007-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Offer of Judgment Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 68 04/21/2005
PN-DC-0007-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Order Dismissing Meghan Enright's Claims with Prejudice and Retaining Jurisdiction for Purpose of Enforcing Agreement 05/18/2005 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Cross Claim 10/07/2005
PN-DC-0007-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion (Denying Defendants' Motion in the Barham Case) 07/10/2007 (2007 WL 2007335) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0010.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (Granting Motion of Mary Cheh to Quash Subpoena) 10/02/2007 (512 F.Supp.2d 62) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Stipulation of Dismissal 10/11/2007
PN-DC-0007-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion (Granting Defendant's Motion for a Protective Order) 11/21/2007 (246 F.R.D. 372) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order 01/08/2008 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 05/27/2009 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion 11/05/2009 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion 02/16/2010 (2010 WL 582358) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0017.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order (Denying Districts Request) 08/13/2010 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order 08/19/2010 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order (Granting Motion for Partial Summary Judgment) 09/19/2010 (738 F.Supp.2d 83) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Order 12/30/2010 (2010 WL 5465617) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0022.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion 10/04/2011 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0023.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order (Denying Defendant's Motion for a Protective Order) 10/19/2011 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0024.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Denying Defendants' Emergency Motion) 10/20/2011 (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0025.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion 01/05/2012 (2012 WL 28257) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0026.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion 02/07/2014 (2011 WL 313747) (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0021.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Settlement Agreement and Release 04/07/2016
PN-DC-0007-0028.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Facciola, John M. Court not on record
PN-DC-0007-0017 | PN-DC-0007-0019 | PN-DC-0007-0021 | PN-DC-0007-0021 | PN-DC-0007-0022 | PN-DC-0007-0023 | PN-DC-0007-0024 | PN-DC-0007-0025 | PN-DC-0007-0026 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Kay, Alan (D.D.C.) [Magistrate]
PN-DC-0007-0016
Sullivan, Emmet G. (D.D.C.)
PN-DC-0007-0003 | PN-DC-0007-0006 | PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-0010 | PN-DC-0007-0011 | PN-DC-0007-0013 | PN-DC-0007-0014 | PN-DC-0007-0015 | PN-DC-0007-0018 | PN-DC-0007-0020 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Badami, Scott M. (Pennsylvania)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Blunt, Jennifer M (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Cave, Bryan (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0002 | PN-DC-0007-0028
Chandler, Vanessa Y. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0002
Goldman, Heather Shaw (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Kramer, Jacob A. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0012 | PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Malone, Brian C. (Virginia)
PN-DC-0007-0004 | PN-DC-0007-0005
Mammen, Jennifer Kies (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Martin, Elizabeth L. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Meitl, Philip James (Texas)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Murphy, George Francis IV (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
O'Connor, Daniel T. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Ott, Nikki A. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Schertler, David (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Schwartz, Daniel C. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0001 | PN-DC-0007-0002 | PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-0012 | PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Seikaly, Katherine Joanne (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Singer, Linda R. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0012
Sloey, Nicholas S. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Snyder, Ivan Jay (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Spagnoletti, Robert J. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0004 | PN-DC-0007-0005 | PN-DC-0007-0007
Turley, Jonathan (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0001 | PN-DC-0007-0002 | PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Valentine, George C. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0005 | PN-DC-0007-0007 | PN-DC-0007-0012 | PN-DC-0007-0028
Zetoony, David Alan (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Becker, Leonard H. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Bradford, Michelle Nicole (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Braswell, Marina Utgoff (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Buckley, David W. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Causey, William F. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Copeland, Chad Wayne (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Corn, Gary Philip-Matthew (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Curry, Lauren Elizabeth (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Deso, Robert Edward (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0004 | PN-DC-0007-0005 | PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Efros, Ellen A. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0012 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Faust, John Martin (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Francuzenko, Alexander (Maryland)
PN-DC-0007-0009 | PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Frost, Shana Lyn (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Hudak, Brian P. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0028 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Johnson, Michelle Nicole (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Kantor, Jayme (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Koger, Thomas Louis (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0004 | PN-DC-0007-0005 | PN-DC-0007-0007 | PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-0012 | PN-DC-0007-0027 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Love, Richard Stuart (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0005 | PN-DC-0007-0007
Mullen, Martha J. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Nebeker, William Mark (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
O'Connell, Kevin J. (Maryland)
PN-DC-0007-0009 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Parris, Lori S. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0007 | PN-DC-0007-0008 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Pittman, Jonathan H. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0028
Pressley, Monique Daniel (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Shellaway, Justin M. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Shine, Edith Margeurita (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Smith, Peter S. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Taylor, Leah Brownlee (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Tuohey, Mark Henry III (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Utiger, Robert C. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-0004 | PN-DC-0007-9000
Weinstein, Laurie J. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Other Lawyers Bennett, Robert Stephen (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
DeGenova, John (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Fraser, John A. III (Virginia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Henry, Jeanett P. (Maryland)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Herman, Steven N. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Hoellen, John R. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Ludaway, Natalie Olivia (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Martin, Harold D. II (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Miller, Alexandra W. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Onorato, Danny C. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Rhee, Jeannie S. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Shapiro, Howard M. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Stewart, Shelita M. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Temple, Donald M. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Welch, William T. (Virginia)
PN-DC-0007-9000
Zuckerman, Roger E. (District of Columbia)
PN-DC-0007-9000

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