University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Autocam Corp. v. Sebelius FA-MI-0005
Docket / Court 12-cv-01096 ( W.D. Mich. )
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Speech and Religious Freedom
Special Collection Contraception Insurance Mandate
Case Summary
On October 8, 2012, two affiliated companies, Autocam Corporation and Autocam Medical, LLC, along with their owners, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan against the federal government under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (42 U.S.C. § 2000bb), ... read more >
On October 8, 2012, two affiliated companies, Autocam Corporation and Autocam Medical, LLC, along with their owners, filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan against the federal government under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (42 U.S.C. § 2000bb), the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. § 706(2)), and the First Amendment. The plaintiffs, represented by attorneys from CatholicVote Legal Defense Fund, the Thomas More Society, and private counsel, sought to enjoin enforcement of provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) extending mandatory contraception coverage in employer-sponsored private health insurance coverage. The plaintiffs contended that this mandatory contraception coverage violates their sincerely held religious beliefs.

The state of Michigan, the Life Legal Defense Fund, and the Bioethics Defense Fund appeared as amici curiae in support of plaintiffs; the ACLU and the ACLU Fund of Michigan submitted an amicus curiae brief in support of the defendants.

On October 12, 2012, District Judge Robert Jonker denied the plaintiffs' motion for an injunction; the plaintiffs appealed to the Sixth Circuit. The Sixth Circuit denied a temporary injunction pending appeal. On September 17, 2013, the Sixth Circuit affirmed the district court's decision to deny a preliminary injunction and remanded the case to the district court to dismiss the plaintiff's RFRA claims for lack of jurisdiction. On September 30, 2013, the district court dismissed the plaintiff's RFRA claims without prejudice.

On October 22, 2013, the plaintiff filed a petition for writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court. That petition was held at the Supreme Court while the Court decided Burwell v. Hobby Lobby (also known as Hobby Lobby v. Sebelius). The Hobby Lobby decision issued on June 30, 2014: In 5-4 opinion by Justice Alito, the Court held that the HHS regulations imposing the contraceptive mandate violate RFRA, when applied to closely-held for-profit corporations. The Court emphasized, however, that alternative methods for meeting the government's asserted interest were available. In light of the Hobby Lobby opinion, on July 1, 2014, the Supreme Court vacated the judgment in this (Autocam) case, and remanded it to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit for further consideration. On December 11, 2014, the Sixth Circuit granted the plaintiffs' motion to remand to the District Court for entry of a permanent injunction. On January 5, 2015, the District Court entered a permanent injunction preventing the federal government from enforcing the version of the contraceptive mandate that applied in Hobby Lobby against the plaintiffs. The injunction only applied to that version of the mandate, and did not enjoin the government from enforcing a revised version of the mandate that complied with the decision.

On February 25, 2015, the parties notified the District Court that they had reached an agreement on attorney's fees and costs and no further proceedings were necessary.

Wyatt Fore - 03/01/2013
Mallory Jones - 02/24/2014
Kate Craddock - 03/25/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Establishment Clause
Free Exercise Clause
Freedom of speech/association
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief denied
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Hospital/Health Department
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Religion discrimination
General
Abortion
Contraception
Religious programs / policies
Plaintiff Type
Closely-held (for profit) corporation
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Religious Freedom Rest. Act/Religious Land Use and Inst. Persons Act (RFRA/RLUIPA)
Defendant(s) US Department of Health and Human Services
US Department of Labor
US Department of the Treasury
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are companies (and owners) who qualify as large employers under the ACA, but who do not qualify for the religious institution exemption.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2015
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
12-2673 (U.S. Court of Appeals) 02/19/2013
FA-MI-0005-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
12-cv-01096 (W.D. Mich.) 04/17/2015
FA-MI-0005-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Verified Complaint and Demand for Injunctive Relief 10/08/2012
FA-MI-0005-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 10/12/2012 (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0005-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants’ Brief in Opposition to Plaintiffs’ Motion for Preliminary Injunction 11/07/2012
FA-MI-0005-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Supplemental Brief on Anti-Injunction Act Supporting Motion for Preliminary Injunction 12/17/2012
FA-MI-0005-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs’ Supplemental Brief on Harm Supporting Motion for Preliminary Injunction 12/21/2012
FA-MI-0005-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 12/24/2012 (2012 WL 6845677) (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0005-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 12/28/2012 (2012 U.S.App.LEXIS 26736)
FA-MI-0005-0004.pdf | LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: LexisNexis
Order 12/28/2012
FA-MI-0005-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 12/31/2012
FA-MI-0005-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Motion to Stay District Court Proceedings Pending Appeal 01/03/2013
FA-MI-0005-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Motion to Dismiss 02/15/2013
FA-MI-0005-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Brief in Support of Motion to Dismiss 02/15/2013
FA-MI-0005-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Opposing Motion to Dismiss 03/18/2013
FA-MI-0005-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Supply Brief in Support of Motion to Dismiss 04/01/2013
FA-MI-0005-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion to Stay Case 09/27/2013
FA-MI-0005-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Dismissing Case] 09/30/2013 (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0005-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment 09/30/2013 (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0005-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Concerning Petition for Writ of Certiorari] 10/17/2013
FA-MI-0005-0021.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [USCA, Affirming and Remanding Case] 12/17/2013 (730 F.3d 618)
FA-MI-0005-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Certiorari -- Summary Disposition 07/01/2014 (134 S.Ct. 2901 / 189 L.Ed.2d 852)
FA-MI-0005-0022.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Supreme Court website
Injunction and Judgment 01/05/2015 (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0005-0023.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Gibbons, Julia Smith (W.D. Tenn., Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0005-0017
Griffin, Richard Allen (Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0005-0004
Hood, Joseph Martin (E.D. Ky.) [Magistrate]
FA-MI-0005-0017
Jonker, Robert James (W.D. Mich.)
FA-MI-0005-0002 | FA-MI-0005-0003 | FA-MI-0005-0019 | FA-MI-0005-0020 | FA-MI-0005-0023 | FA-MI-0005-9000
Moore, Roy S Court not on record
FA-MI-0005-0004
Rogers, John M. (Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0005-0004
Stranch, Jane Branstetter (Sixth Circuit)
FA-MI-0005-0017
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Breen, Peter C. (Illinois)
FA-MI-0005-0001 | FA-MI-0005-0009 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0015 | FA-MI-0005-0018
Brejcha, Thomas (Illinois)
FA-MI-0005-0001 | FA-MI-0005-0009
Gillen, Patrick T. (Florida)
FA-MI-0005-0001 | FA-MI-0005-0009 | FA-MI-0005-0010 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0015 | FA-MI-0005-0018 | FA-MI-0005-9000 | FA-MI-0005-9001
Miller, Jason C. (Michigan)
FA-MI-0005-0001 | FA-MI-0005-0009 | FA-MI-0005-0010 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0015 | FA-MI-0005-0018 | FA-MI-0005-9000 | FA-MI-0005-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Bennett, Michelle Renee (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-9000
Berwick, Benjamin Leon (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-9000
Delery, Stuart F. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-0008 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0013 | FA-MI-0005-0014 | FA-MI-0005-0016
Gershengorn, Ian Heath (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-0008 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0013 | FA-MI-0005-0014 | FA-MI-0005-0016
Klein, Alisa B. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Lieber, Sheila M. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-0008 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0013 | FA-MI-0005-0014 | FA-MI-0005-0016
Miles, Patrick A. Jr. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-0008 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0013 | FA-MI-0005-0014 | FA-MI-0005-0016
Pruski, Jacek (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-0008 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0013 | FA-MI-0005-0014 | FA-MI-0005-0016 | FA-MI-0005-9000
Ricketts, Jennifer (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-0008 | FA-MI-0005-0011 | FA-MI-0005-0013 | FA-MI-0005-0014 | FA-MI-0005-0016
Stern, Mark B. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Other Lawyers Amiri, Brigitte A. (New York)
FA-MI-0005-9000
Aukerman, Miriam (Michigan)
FA-MI-0005-9000
Bordlee, Dorinda (Kentucky)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Bursch, John J. (Michigan)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Colby, Kimberlee Wood (Virginia)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Dewart, Deborah Jane (North Carolina)
FA-MI-0005-9001
McElwee, Michael (Michigan)
FA-MI-0005-9000
Metzger, Edward L. III (Kentucky)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Nelson, Frederick Dickson (Ohio)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Nikas, Nike (Kentucky)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Raimer, David T. (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Restuccia, B. Eric (Michigan)
FA-MI-0005-9000 | FA-MI-0005-9001
Sekulow, Jay Alan (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Short, Catherine W. (Kentucky)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Smith, Mailee Rebecca (District of Columbia)
FA-MI-0005-9001
Steinberg, Michael J. (Michigan)
FA-MI-0005-9000

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