University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States v. Virginia PB-VA-0003
Docket / Court 3:12-cv-059 ( E.D. Va. )
State/Territory Virginia
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
On February 10, 2011, the United States Department of Justice (Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section) released a letter of findings detailing the results of its investigation into the institutionalization of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Virginia. The ... read more >
On February 10, 2011, the United States Department of Justice (Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section) released a letter of findings detailing the results of its investigation into the institutionalization of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Virginia. The investigation focused specifically on the Central Virginia Training Center (CVTC), one intermediate care facility for persons with developmental disabilities (ICF/DD) but also considered the statewide institutionalization of this population (DOJ's involvement began as an investigation of CVTC pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act but later expanded to include the statewide system's compliance with the ADA). DOJ concluded that Virginia is systematically violating the Americans with Disabilities Act under the 1999 Supreme Court precedent, Olmstead v. LC, in forcing the unnecessary institutionalization of people with disabilities. DOJ found a lack of sufficient community-based services available to this population, an unreasonably long waiting list for Medicaid waiver services, inadequate discharge planning at CVTC, and other deficiencies. According to DOJ, these policies lead to a situation in which individuals with developmental disabilities are housed unnecessarily in institutions and are unable to either remain in the community or transition from an institution to a community placement.

Nearly one year later, DOJ and Virginia entered into a settlement agreement seeking to remedy the deficiencies outlined in the findings letter. DOJ filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia and settlement agreement on January 26, 2012. The court (Judge John A. Gibney, Jr.) gave preliminary approval to the agreement and allowed interested parties to submit letters and amici curiae briefs to the court in advance of the final approval of the settlement. On March 2, 2012, several individuals currently living in institutions filed a motion to intervene in the litigation, claiming that they wished to remain in institutions and that the proposed settlement would force the closing of their institutions. The court found that they had adequately demonstrated that they stand to be affected by the outcome of the litigation and granted their intervention in the case on May 9, 2012. The intervenors then filed a motion to dismiss, challenging the United States' authority to bring the claim to enforce the ADA.

On June 5, 2012, the court denied the intervenors' motion to dismiss, finding that DOJ's ADA enforcement authority included the ability to investigate and file suit in federal court as had occurred here, and that the government had followed all necessary procedures.

On August 23, 2012, the court gave its final approval to the settlement between the United States and Virginia. Under the settlement, Virginia has agreed to increase its community-based services for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This will serve both to prevent individuals currently living in the community from being forced to move to institutions and will allow those currently living in institutions to transition to the community. Virginia will create additional slots on its Home and Community Based Services Medicaid waiver programs and allow those on the waitlist to begin receiving services. The state has also agreed to provide crisis services and employment training.

A December 2012 report from the independent monitor noted considerable progress on the part of Virginia in implementing the settlement.

Beth Kurtz - 03/11/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Reasonable Accommodation
Reporting
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Disability
disability, unspecified
Integrated setting
Least restrictive environment
Mental impairment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Wait lists
Medical/Mental Health
Intellectual/Developmental Disability
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Causes of Action Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Commonwealth of Virginia
Plaintiff Description The United States Department of Justice (Civil Rights Division).
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2012 - 2021
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
3:12-cv-00059-JAG (E.D. Va.) 01/08/2016
PB-VA-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
Non-web U.S. District Court Clerk's Office
General Documents
DOJ Findings Letter 02/10/2011
PB-VA-0003-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Complaint 01/26/2012
PB-VA-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement 01/26/2012
PB-VA-0003-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion to Intervene 03/02/2012
PB-VA-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 03/06/2012 (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Response in Opposition to Motion to Intervene 03/16/2012
PB-VA-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
The United States' Opposition to Proposed Intervenor's Motion for Intervention 03/16/2012
PB-VA-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Amici Curiae of the Arc of Virginia, ASCV, ASNV, AS, VDSA 03/22/2012
PB-VA-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Amici Curiae on Behalf of the National Association of State Directors of Developmental Disability Services, the American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, the Association of University Center on Disabilities, the Assoc 04/05/2012
PB-VA-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order Granting Motion to Intervene 05/09/2012 (282 F.R.D. 403) (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Intervenors' Motion to Dismiss 05/09/2012
PB-VA-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant Commonwealth's Response to Intervenor's Motion to Dismiss 05/21/2012
PB-VA-0003-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United State's Opposition to Intervenors' Motion to Dismiss 05/21/2012
PB-VA-0003-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order Denying Intervenors' Motion to Dismiss 06/05/2012 (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement 06/13/2012
PB-VA-0003-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Approving Consent Decree 08/23/2012 (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement 12/07/2012
PB-VA-0003-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Gibney, John Adrian Jr. (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0004 | PB-VA-0003-0009 | PB-VA-0003-0013 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barkoff, Alison (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Cuncannan, Jacqueline (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015
Farano, Richard J. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Herman, Vincent P. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Hill, Eve L. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0015
Keen, Jennifer Wu (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Macbride, Neil H (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015
Mcintosh, Robert P (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0017
Polansky, Jessica E. (New York)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Smiddie, Kyle (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0017 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Tayloe, Benjamin O. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Zisser, Aaron B. (California)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Burshem, Craig (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0011
Cuccinelli, Kenneth T. II (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0005 | PB-VA-0003-0011 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015
Elias, Cordelia M. (Pennsylvania)
PB-VA-0003-0002 | PB-VA-0003-0010 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Johnson, David E. (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0005 | PB-VA-0003-0014
Schafer, Gerald (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0002 | PB-VA-0003-0010 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Tysinger, Allyson (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0005 | PB-VA-0003-0011 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-9000
York, Thomas B. (Pennsylvania)
PB-VA-0003-0002 | PB-VA-0003-0010 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Zaycosky, Donald B. (Pennsylvania)
PB-VA-0003-0002 | PB-VA-0003-0010 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Other Lawyers Dorfman, Deborah A. (Washington)
PB-VA-0003-0007 | PB-VA-0003-0008 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Fawk, Sara (Massachusetts)
PB-VA-0003-0007
Fleischner, Robert D. (Massachusetts)
PB-VA-0003-0007 | PB-VA-0003-0008 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Glasberg, Victor Michael (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0007 | PB-VA-0003-0008 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Martinis, Jonathan Gerald (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Rae, J. Paterson (Massachusetts)
PB-VA-0003-0008
Schwartz, Steven J. (Massachusetts)
PB-VA-0003-0007 | PB-VA-0003-0008 | PB-VA-0003-9000

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