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Case Name Arizona Dream Act Coalition v. Brewer IM-AZ-0019
Docket / Court 2:12-cv-02546 ( D. Ariz. )
State/Territory Arizona
Case Type(s) Immigration
Public Benefits / Government Services
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
MALDEF
Case Summary
Plaintiffs--young undocumented immigrants residing in Arizona--filed suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and the Declaratory Judgment Act against the State of Arizona and the Arizona Motor Vehicle Division in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona on November 29, 2012. Represented by the ... read more >
Plaintiffs--young undocumented immigrants residing in Arizona--filed suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and the Declaratory Judgment Act against the State of Arizona and the Arizona Motor Vehicle Division in the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona on November 29, 2012. Represented by the ACLU Immigrants Rights Project and the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund, plaintiffs claimed that the state was invalidly denying them a driver's license, despite their eligibility under the federal Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. Plaintiffs claimed that the Arizona Executive Order that denies them drivers license is in violation of both the Supremacy Clause and the Equal Protection Clause; they sought a declaration that the state action was invalid, and an injunction providing them drivers licenses.

Plaintiffs also petitioned for certification of a class in their complaint, including all young immigrants residing in Arizona who have been granted deferred action, or will be, pursuant to DACA program and have (or will have) employment authorization and a Social Security Number who are being denied a driver's license by the Arizona Motor Vehicles Division. The certification is still pending.

On December 14, 2012, Plaintiffs moved for a preliminary injunction. On January 9, 2013, Defendants moved to dismiss, or in the alternative, for summary judgment. The District Court (Judge David Campell) heard oral arguments for both motions on March 22, 2013, and issued an order on May 16, 2013. The Court (Judge David Campbell) denied the motion for preliminary injunction on the grounds that the plaintiffs were unlikely to succeed on the merits of their Supremacy Clause claim, and that, although the plaintiffs were likely to succeed on the merits of their Equal Protection claim, they did not show the likelihood of irreparable injury for the claim. 945 F.Supp.2d 1049. The Court accordingly granted the defendants' motion to dismiss in part as to the Supremacy Clause claim, and denied in part as to the Equal Protection claim. The plaintiffs filed an interlocutory appeal to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals on June 17, 2013.

The plaintiffs filed an amended complaint on September 17, 2013, adding two individual plaintiffs and removing the class action claims. In all other respects, the amended complaint essentially reiterates the original complaint, alleging violations of the Supremacy Clause and the Equal Protections Clause.

On March 26, 2013, the Court (Judge David Campbell) issued an order dismissing one of the individual plaintiffs without prejudice. The case then spent a long time in discovery. On April 30, 2014, the plaintiffs filed a motion for summary judgment on the Equal Protection claim, and for permanent injunction.

On July 7, 2014, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge Harry Pregerson) issued an opinion as to the interlocutory appeal, granting the plaintiffs' motion for preliminary injunction. The Court reversed the District Court's decision and remanded the case with instructions to enter a preliminary injunction, prohibiting defendants from enforcing any policy by which the Arizona Department of Transportation refused to accept plaintiff's Employment Authorization Documents, issued under DACA, as proof that the plaintiffs were authorized under federal law to be present in the US. Arizona Dream Act Coalition v. Brewer, 757 F.3d 1053 (9th Cir. 2014). The 9th Circuit on November 24, 2014 denied the state's petition for rehearing and rehearing en banc, and on December 9, 2014 denied a stay pending the state's petition to the Supreme Court for certiorari review.

On December 11, the state sought a stay from the Supreme Court, pending its cert. petition; the Court rejected that stay on December 17, in an order issued without opinion. Justices Scalia, Thomas, and Alito noted that they would grant the stay.

The case is still ongoing.

Dan Osher - 03/31/2013
Zhandos Kuderin - 07/07/2014


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Supremacy Clause
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Preliminary relief denied
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Transportation
Discrimination-basis
Immigration status
National origin discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Drivers Licenses
Immigration
Constitutional rights
Status/Classification
Undocumented immigrants - rights and duties
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of Arizona
Plaintiff Description Several young immigrants residing in Arizona who have been granted deferred action, or will be, pursuant to DACA program and have (or will have) employment authorization and a Social Security Number who are being denied a driver's license by the Arizona Motor Vehicles Division.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
ACLU National (all projects)
MALDEF
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 2014 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Threats to the Future of the Immigration Class Action
Washington University Journal of Law and Policy
By: Jill E. Family (Widener University School of Law)
Citation: 27 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 71 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:12-cv-2546 (D. Ariz.) 07/07/2014
IM-AZ-0019-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief: Class Action 11/29/2012
IM-AZ-0019-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source:
Memorandum in Support for Motion for Preliminary Injunction 12/14/2012
IM-AZ-0019-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Motion to Dismiss and in the Alternative, Motion for Summary Judgment 01/09/2013
IM-AZ-0019-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Denying Motion for Preliminary Injunction] 05/16/2013 (945 F.Supp.2d 1049) (D. Ariz.)
IM-AZ-0019-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [Amended] 09/17/2013
IM-AZ-0019-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [USCA Reversing and Remanding Case] 12/03/2013 (757 F.3d 1053)
IM-AZ-0019-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order in Pending Case 12/17/2014 (135 S.Ct. 889 / 190 L.Ed.2d 717)
IM-AZ-0019-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Supreme Court website
Judges Berzon, Marsha Siegel (Ninth Circuit)
IM-AZ-0019-0004
Campbell, David G. (D. Ariz.)
IM-AZ-0019-0005 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Christen, Morgan (Ninth Circuit)
IM-AZ-0019-0004
Pregerson, Harry (Ninth Circuit, C.D. Cal.)
IM-AZ-0019-0004
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Broder, Tanya (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Castillo, Jorge Martin (California)
IM-AZ-0019-9000
Cheer, Shiu-Ming (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Danjuma, R. Orion (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Espiritu, Nicholas David (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-0002 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Flood, Kelly Joyce (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Gelernt, Lee (New York)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Harper, Marty (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-0002 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Irvine, Thomas K. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Jacob, Andrew S. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Joaquin, Linton (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-0002 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Lyall, James Duff (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Martinez−Olguin, Araceli (California)
IM-AZ-0019-9000
Newell, Jennifer Chang (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-0002 | IM-AZ-0019-0006 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Pochoda, Daniel Joseph (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-0002 | IM-AZ-0019-0006 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Polansky, Jessica E. (New York)
IM-AZ-0019-9000
Preciado, Nora (California)
IM-AZ-0019-9000
Sun, Christine P. (California)
IM-AZ-0019-9000
Tan, Michael (New York)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Tumlin, Karen C. (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-0006 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Viramontes, Victor (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-0006 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Wang, Cecillia D (California)
IM-AZ-0019-0001 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Berg, Timothy J (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0003 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Hood, Sean Thomas (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0003 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Northup, Doug C (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0003 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Sciarrotta, Joseph Jr. (Arizona)
IM-AZ-0019-0003 | IM-AZ-0019-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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