University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name In Re: Jail Population (St. John the Baptist Parish) JC-LA-0019
Docket / Court 3:82-cv-00847-FJP ( M.D. La. )
State/Territory Louisiana
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
This is one of a collection of § 1983 inmate cases filed in Louisiana federal courts to challenge the operation and conditions of confinement in the Louisiana prison system and in parish and city jails through Louisiana. These cases have worked their way through the federal courts for three ... read more >
This is one of a collection of § 1983 inmate cases filed in Louisiana federal courts to challenge the operation and conditions of confinement in the Louisiana prison system and in parish and city jails through Louisiana. These cases have worked their way through the federal courts for three decades.

In an effort to avoid inconsistent decrees, in Hamilton v. Morial, 644 F.2d 351 (5th Cir. 1981) [See JC-LA-3 of this collection] the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ordered that all federal litigation against state, parish or local prison facilities, relating to inmate population issues, be consolidated in the District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana. Thereafter, many Louisiana state, parish, and city facilities entered into consent decrees which specified inmate population limits and officer-to-inmate ratios. Since 1981, those facilities were under the judicial oversight of District Judge Frank J. Polozola of the Middle District of Louisiana. Over the years Judge Polozola revised the decrees to adjust population caps and officer-to-prisoner ratios as necessary.

In this case, the original Consent Decree was approved and entered by the District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana on September 22, 1982 and the case was closed. The Decree set limits for the maximum number of inmates housed in the St. John Parish Detention Center and the St. John Parish Law Enforcement District.

On August 4, 1994, District Judge Polozola ordered that all cases involving population caps for parish prisons be reopened and reconsidered.

A revised Consent Decree was approved and entered by District Judge Polozola on January 24, 1997

On December 23, 1997, the case was again closed. The PACER docket notes no further activity.

Dan Dalton - 02/09/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) St. John the Baptist Detention Center
Plaintiff Description Inmates in the St. John the Baptist Parish jail
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1982 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1997
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
3:82-cv-00847-FJP (M.D. La.) 12/23/1997
JC-LA-0019-9000 PDF | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Stipulation and Consent Decree 01/28/1997 (M.D. La.)
JC-LA-0019-0001 PDF | Detail
Judges Polozola, Frank Joseph (M.D. La.) [Magistrate]
JC-LA-0019-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers None on record
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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