University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Northeast Ohio Coalition for the Homeless v. Husted VR-OH-0081
Docket / Court 2:06-cv-00896-ALM-TPK ( S.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Case Summary
On October 24, 2006, plaintiffs, the Northeast Ohio Coalition for the Homeless ("NEOCH") and Service Employees International Union ("SEIU"), filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio against the State of Ohio. Plaintiffs, represented by ... read more >
On October 24, 2006, plaintiffs, the Northeast Ohio Coalition for the Homeless ("NEOCH") and Service Employees International Union ("SEIU"), filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio against the State of Ohio. Plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought preliminary and permanent-injunctive relief and declaratory relief challenging numerous aspects of Ohio's comprehensive voter-identification law set forth in House Bill 3. Plaintiffs argued that the law was impermissibly vague and treated voters differently based on when they voted and what type of identification they provided, and so violated the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Plaintiffs moved for a temporary restraining order, which was granted by District Court Judge Algenon Marbley on October 26, 2006. The court found that a number of the phrases in the provision were unconstitutionally vague and were being unequally applied by the Board of Elections, particularly as applied to absentee voters. Accordingly, the court enjoined the voter identification law as it applied to absentee voter ballots until arguments could be heard on the motion for preliminary injunction. The state appealed, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit stayed the temporary restraining order on October 29, 2006. Plaintiffs and Secretary of State, J. Kenneth Blackwell, then conducted negotiations and, on November 1, 2006, entered a consent order approved by District Court Judge Marbley. The consent order clarified Ohio's statutory voter identification requirements including what identification voters must show at the polls on Election Day.

The following year passed quietly, though the case again erupted in activity during the Fall 2008 election season when plaintiffs sought uniform procedures for counting provisional ballots. On October 24 and October 27 of 2008, District Court Judge Marbley entered orders requiring uniform processing of provisional ballots and requiring that provisional ballots would not be invalidated due to poll worker error, respectively.

Roughly a year and a half later, on April 19, 2010, District Court Judge Marbley entered a second consent decree signed by the parties. This consent decree provided the following injunctive relief for voters using the last four social security cards for voter identification (SSN-4 voters): the State would not reject provisional ballots that, due to poll-worker error, were cast (1) in the wrong precinct but correct polling place, or (2) with nonconforming or incomplete ballot affirmations. (No. 2:06-cv-896, R. 210, Consent Decree ¶ 5(b)(v), (vi).)

The following year, the Ohio Supreme Court issued a decision holding that Ohio's election laws offered no protections for wrong precinct provisional ballots caused by poll worker error. State ex rel. Painter v. Brunner, 941 N.E.2d 782, 794 (Ohio 2011) (per curiam). Following this, plaintiffs requested a modification of the consent decree on June 20, 2012 and defendants requested to vacate the consent decree on June 27, 2012. Around the same time a related case, Service Employees International Union Local 1 et al. v. Jon Husted, VR-OH-0080, was filed. Plaintiffs in this new case sought essentially identical relief as the current plaintiffs' motion to modify the decree, and so the court combined the motions. On July 9, 2012, Magistrate Judge Terence Kemp denied defendants' requests to vacate the consent decree. NEOCH, No. 06-CV-896, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 94086 (S.D. Ohio July 9, 2012). Defendants appealed.

The two cases were consolidated on appeal. On October 11, 2012, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, in a per curium opinion, upheld the district court's decision on the denial. However, the circuit court remanded the case to address the plaintiffs' motion to modify the consent decree in light of the equal protection issues created by the decree's provision for the counting of deficient-affirmation ballots by SSN-4 voters. Ne. Ohio Coal. for Homeless v. Husted, 696 F.3d 580 (6th Cir. 2012).

On October 26, 2012, District Court Judge Marbly granted plaintiffs' motion to modify the consent decree and order county boards of elections to count all provisional ballots cast in the wrong precinct, irrespective of whether they are cast in the correct polling place or an incorrect polling place. Serv. Employees Int'l Union, Local 1 v. Husted, 906 F. Supp. 2d 745 (S.D. Ohio 2012). The court further stated that to treat deficient affirmation ballots differently for SSN-4 voters would deny equal protection to those provisional voters using alternative forms of identification. On November 13, the District Court entered an order clarifying this ruling.

On June 30, 2013, plaintiffs moved to extend the consent decree indefinitely. District Court Judge Marbly granted plaintiffs' motion, but opted to extend the decree for only one election cycle, until December 31, 2016.

On January 14, 2014, the parties entered into a confidential agreement that would lead to a complete settlement if the court were to vacate its clarifying ruling made on November 13, 2012. The District Court vacated the clarifying order on February 7, 2014. The case is on going as of October 22, 2014, as the parties address attorneys' fees and costs.

Richard Jolly - 10/14/2014


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Voting
Voting access
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Voting
Election administration
Voter id
Causes of Action Help America Vote Act (HAVA), 42 U.S.C. § 15301 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of Ohio
Plaintiff Description Coalition representing Northeast Ohio's homeless population and a local branch of the Service Employee's International Union, on behalf of their interest groups
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Declaratory Judgment
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2010 - 2016
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing VR-OH-0080 : Service Employees International Union, Local #1 v. Husted (S.D. Ohio)
Docket(s)
2:06−cv−00896 (S.D. Ohio) 09/29/2014
VR-OH-0081-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for a Temporary Restraining Order, Preliminary and Permanent-Injunctive Relief and Declaratory Relief 10/24/2006
VR-OH-0081-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Temporary Restraining Order 10/26/2006 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 10/31/2006 (467 F.3d 999)
VR-OH-0081-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Order 11/01/2006 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0035.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Enforcement Order 11/14/2006 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 08/12/2008 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 09/30/2008 (2008 WL 4449514) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 10/24/2008 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 10/27/2008 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Complaint in Intervention of Ohio Democratic Party Seeking Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 11/04/2008
VR-OH-0081-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 11/05/2008 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 11/06/2008 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Supplemental Complaint 11/21/2008
VR-OH-0081-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 07/28/2009 (652 F.Supp.2d 871) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 07/30/2009 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree 04/19/2010 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation of Dismissal of the Claims of Plaintiff James Wise Without Prejudice 04/19/2010
VR-OH-0081-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 11/30/2010 (2010 WL 4939946) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0019.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 05/11/2012 (2012 WL 1658896) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0031.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Regarding Plaintiffs' Request to Combine Hearings 06/22/2012 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Relating Cases and for Appearance of New Counsel 06/26/2012 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0021.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Relating Cases and for Appearance of New Counsel 06/26/2012 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0037.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 07/09/2012 (2012 WL 2711393) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0022.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plenary Opinion and Order 08/27/2012 (887 F.Supp.2d 761) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0033.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 08/31/2012 (695 F.3d 563)
VR-OH-0081-0023.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio at Columbus] 10/11/2012 (696 F.3d 580)
VR-OH-0081-0038.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 10/26/2012 (2012 WL 5334080) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0025.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 10/26/2012 (906 F.Supp.2d 745) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Modifying April 19, 2010 Consent Decree] 10/26/2012 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0039.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order 11/13/2012 (2012 WL 5497757) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0027.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Notice of Appeal of November 13, 2012 Order 11/13/2012
VR-OH-0081-0028.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 12/05/2012 (698 F.3d 341)
VR-OH-0081-0032.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 02/20/2013 (2013 WL 628527) (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0034.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: Westlaw
Order [Vacating Nov. 13, 2012 Opinion and Order] 02/07/2014 (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0040.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Cook, Deborah L. (Sixth Circuit)
VR-OH-0081-0034 | VR-OH-0081-0038
Gibbons, Julia Smith (Sixth Circuit, W.D. Tenn.)
VR-OH-0081-0023 | VR-OH-0081-0029 | VR-OH-0081-0034 | VR-OH-0081-0038
Kemp, Terence Peter (S.D. Ohio) [Magistrate]
VR-OH-0081-0008 | VR-OH-0081-0009 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Marbley, Algenon L. (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0001 | VR-OH-0081-0006 | VR-OH-0081-0007 | VR-OH-0081-0008 | VR-OH-0081-0009 | VR-OH-0081-0010 | VR-OH-0081-0012 | VR-OH-0081-0013 | VR-OH-0081-0015 | VR-OH-0081-0016 | VR-OH-0081-0017 | VR-OH-0081-0019 | VR-OH-0081-0020 | VR-OH-0081-0021 | VR-OH-0081-0022 | VR-OH-0081-0025 | VR-OH-0081-0026 | VR-OH-0081-0027 | VR-OH-0081-0031 | VR-OH-0081-0033 | VR-OH-0081-0035 | VR-OH-0081-0037 | VR-OH-0081-0039 | VR-OH-0081-0040 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Moore, Karen Nelson (Sixth Circuit)
VR-OH-0081-0023
Sargus, Edmund A. Jr. (S.D. Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0009
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Aveni, Carl A (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Berzon, Stephen P. (California)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Chandra, Subodh (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0002 | VR-OH-0081-0007 | VR-OH-0081-0014 | VR-OH-0081-0035 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Chisholm, Barbara J. (California)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Fuller, Jennifer Nicole (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Gentry, Caroline (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0002 | VR-OH-0081-0014 | VR-OH-0081-0018 | VR-OH-0081-0035 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Gottman, Andrew J (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0002 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Gupta, Sandhya (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Hallinan, Paul Gerard (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0014 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Harshman, Cathrine J. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Hollenbaugh, H. Ritchey (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0002 | VR-OH-0081-0014 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Hunter, Michael J. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Klaus, Jared Michael (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Leonard, Danielle E. (California)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Leyton, Stacey M. (California)
VR-OH-0081-9000
McGinnis, Mark A. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
McTigue, Donald Joseph (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0011 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Miller, Daniel B (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Screen, Donald P. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Sestile, Lindsay M (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0014 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Sletvold, Ashlie Case (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Butcher-Lyden, Erin (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0028 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Chin, Pearl M. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Coglianese, Richard N. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0007 | VR-OH-0081-0018 | VR-OH-0081-0028 | VR-OH-0081-0035 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Coontz, Bridget C (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Corl, Christina (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0007 | VR-OH-0081-0035 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Epstein, Aaron D. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0028 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Gale, Erick D (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Hertel, Kari Bowie (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
James, Larry Holliday (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0007 | VR-OH-0081-0035 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Jennings, Sharon A. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Petro, Jim (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0035
Richardson, Ryan L (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Rosenthal, Joseph Norbert (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-0038 | VR-OH-0081-9000
Scheeser, Amanda L (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Schuler, Michael J. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Sikora, Damian W (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Todd, William M (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Other Lawyers Armstrong, Maria J. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Birck, Mary Lynne (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Bryan, Beth A. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Calcaterra, Craig A (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Corn, Peggy W (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Dornette, W. Stuart (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Gerhardstein, Alphonse A. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Hunt, Holly J (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Keller, Zachary Paul (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Kulewicz, John J. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Lieberman, David Mark (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Nalbandian, John B. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Piccininni, Patrick (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Schuck, James P. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Sferra, Anne Marie (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000
Slagle, Christopher N. (Ohio)
VR-OH-0081-9000

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -