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Case Name Lavin v. Husted FA-OH-0003
Docket / Court 1:10-cv-01986-DCN ( N.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Speech and Religious Freedom
Case Summary
This case was brought by physicians who served poor patients through the Medicaid program in Ohio. They filed a suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio on September 3, 2010, against the Secretary of State, challenging a state law that made it a crime for attorney-general ... read more >
This case was brought by physicians who served poor patients through the Medicaid program in Ohio. They filed a suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio on September 3, 2010, against the Secretary of State, challenging a state law that made it a crime for attorney-general or county-prosecutor candidates to accept campaign contributions from Medicaid providers or any person having an ownership interest in the provider. The plaintiffs intended to donate money to then-candidate for Ohio Attorney General Cordray's campaign but feared prosecution. The cause of action in this case was 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiffs were represented by private counsel, seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. They also alleged that the Statute in question violated the First and Fourteenth Amendments.

On October 27, 2010, the District Court (Judge Donald C. Nugent) denied the plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction. Lavin v. Brunner, 2010 WL 4340981 (N.D. Ohio Oct. 27, 2010). After discovery, both parties filed motions for summary judgment.

On July 22, 2011, Judge Nugent granted summary judgment for the defendant and the plaintiffs appealed. Lavin v. Husted, 803 F. Supp. 2d 756 (N.D. Ohio 2011) rev'd and remanded, 689 F.3d 543 (6th Cir. 2012). The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge Raymond M. Kethledge) reversed the lower court's decision on August 3, 2012, holding that the Statute here violated the plaintiffs' First Amendment interests. Lavin v. Husted, 689 F.3d 543 (6th Cir. 2012). As a general rule for contribution limits to be permissible, the government needs to show that the limits are closely drawn to serve a sufficiently important state interest. The Court found that the contribution ban that applied to all Medicaid providers was not closely drawn to serve the important state interests to prevent corruption and fraud committed by only a handful of them.

On September 11, 2012, the District Court in its Judgment declared the Statute unconstitutional in its entirety, in violation of the First and Fourteenth Amendments. The Court further issued a permanent injunction, prohibiting the Secretary of State from enforcing the Statute against candidates to whom the named plaintiffs may elect to donate money or the plaintiffs themselves.

On June 13, 2013, the Court awarded attorneys' fees and litigation costs in sum of $135,223.74 to the plaintiffs. Lavin v. Husted, 2013 WL 2950334 (N.D. Ohio June 13, 2013). This ended the case.

Emma Bao - 07/03/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Freedom of speech/association
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief denied
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
General
Funding
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of Ohio
Plaintiff Description Physicians who served poor patients through the Medicaid program in Ohio.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Declaratory Judgment
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 2012 - n/a
Case Closing Year 2013
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
1:10-cv-01986-DCN (N.D. Ohio) 06/13/2013
FA-OH-0003-9001.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory Judgment, Preliminary and Permanent Injunctive Relief, and Attorneys' Fees and Costs 09/03/2010
FA-OH-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction 09/04/2010
FA-OH-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report and Recommendation [Advocating Granting Preliminary Injunction] 10/12/2010 (2010 WL 4341158)
FA-OH-0003-0005.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Objections to Magistrate Judge's Report and Reccommendation 10/19/2010
FA-OH-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order and Judgment [Denying Motion for Preliminary Injunction] 10/27/2010 (2010 WL 4340981) (N.D. Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment and Permenent Injunction 03/16/2011
FA-OH-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment 03/16/2011
FA-OH-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Granting Motion to Quash Subpoenas] 05/16/2011 (N.D. Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion [Granting Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment] 07/22/2011 (803 F.Supp.2d 756) (N.D. Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [USCA Reversing Judgment and Remanding Case] 08/03/2012 (689 F.3d 543)
FA-OH-0003-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
[No Title, Corrected Pages to USCA Opinion] 08/03/2012 (689 F.3d 343)
FA-OH-0003-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Press Release 08/06/2012
FA-OH-0003-0009.pdf | Detail
Judgment 09/10/2012 (N.D. Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Adopting Report and Recommendation of Magistrate and Granting Plaintiffs' Motion for Attorneys' Fees] 06/13/2013 (2013 WL 2950334) (N.D. Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0014.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Daughtrey, Martha Craig (Sixth Circuit)
FA-OH-0003-0001 | FA-OH-0003-0012
Donald, Bernice Bouie (Sixth Circuit, W.D. Tenn.)
FA-OH-0003-0001 | FA-OH-0003-0012
Kethledge, Raymond M. (Sixth Circuit)
FA-OH-0003-0001 | FA-OH-0003-0012
Nugent, Donald C. (N.D. Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0003 | FA-OH-0003-0010 | FA-OH-0003-0011 | FA-OH-0003-0013 | FA-OH-0003-0014
Vecchiarelli, Nancy A. (N.D. Ohio) [Magistrate]
FA-OH-0003-0005
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Chandra, Subodh (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0002 | FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0006 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Gupta, Sandhya (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Murray, J. Michael (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0002 | FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0006 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Screen, Donald P. (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0002 | FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0006 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Sletvold, Ashlie Case (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-9001
Vasvari, Raymond V. Jr. (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0002 | FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0006 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Coglianese, Richard N. (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-9001
Meterko, Mark R. (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0008 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Richardson, Ryan L (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-9001
Schneider, Karl H. (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-0008 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Schuler, Michael J. (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-9001
Other Lawyers Bashein, W. Craig (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-9001
King, James A. (Ohio)
FA-OH-0003-9001

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