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Case Name United States v. City of New Orleans PN-LA-0001
Docket / Court 2:12-cv-01924-SM-JCW ( E.D. La. )
State/Territory Louisiana
Case Type(s) Policing
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
In 2010, New Orleans Mayor Mitchell Landrieu invited the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to review civil rights issues at the New Orleans Police Department (NOPD), and propose any necessary reforms. The DOJ opened the requested investigation on May 15, 2010, pursuant to the Violent Crime Control ... read more >
In 2010, New Orleans Mayor Mitchell Landrieu invited the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to review civil rights issues at the New Orleans Police Department (NOPD), and propose any necessary reforms. The DOJ opened the requested investigation on May 15, 2010, pursuant to the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Following a comprehensive investigation, on March 17, 2011, the DOJ announced its findings that the NOPD had engaged in misconduct that violates the Constitution and federal law, including a pattern or practice of excessive force, and of illegal stops, searches, and arrests. The investigation also found a pattern or practice of gender discrimination in the Department's under-enforcement and under-investigation of violence against women, as well as strong indications of discriminatory policing based on racial, ethnic, and LGBT bias, and a failure to provide critical police services to language minority communities.

After extensive negotiations, on July 24, 2012, the Department of Justice filed a complaint under 42 U.S.C. 14141 and, concurrently, a proposed consent decree. The case was assigned to Judge Susie Morgan. The decree is very comprehensive--122 pages, with 19 sections. It covers recruitment; training; policy development; use of force; stops, searches and arrests; effective supervision; bias free policing; access to effective police services for people with limited English skills; data collection and integrity; officer assistance; effective investigation of crimes involving violence against women; evaluation and promotion of officers; effective internal systems to investigate officer misconduct; and secondary employment.

On January 11, 2013, the District Court (Judge Susie Morgan) approved the Decree without modification. After entry of the Consent Decree, the Court may have modified the terms of the document, although this is unclear.

On January 31, 2013, the City formally moved to vacate the Court's order approving the Decree, and to stay implementation of the Decree pending resolution of its Motion to Vacate. The City's brief complained that the DOJ had waited until after the police department Consent Decree was executed to inform the City that the required reform of the Orleans Parish Prison would likely cost $35 million. This jail reform litigation was in a separate case brought against the New Orleans Sheriff, rather than the City (Jones v. Guzman, JC-LA-0028. In addition, the City expressed its view that one of the DOJ's negotiators was an inappropriate person to have such a role, because of his blogging and other activities. Finally, the City argued that the Consent Decree's provisions dealing with "secondary employment" of police personnel may run afoul of the Fair Labor Standards Act

On February 8, 2013, the District Court denied the City's motion to stay the implementation and enforcement of the consent decree with a written opinion. United States v. City of New Orleans, 2013 WL 492362 (E.D. La. Feb. 8, 2013). The District Court denied the motion to vacate on May 24, 2013. On June 5, 2013, the Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit denied the City's appeal of the district court's ruling on the motion to stay. On September 27, 2013, the Court of Appeals affirmed the district court's ruling denial of the motion to vacate the Consent order. United States v. City of New Orleans, 731 F.3d 434 (5th Cir. 2013).

On July 5, 2013, the Court ordered that Sheppard Mullin was selected as the Monitor required by the Consent Decree. On December 2, 2013, the Monitor filed the first Quarterly Report. The second report was filed on May 28, 2014, and the third on September 29, 2014. These reports indicated that the City continues to struggle with consistent record keeping, particularly with documenting use of force reports. However, they also noted that requiring body-worn cameras has had a material positive impact on officer use of force.

As of November 26, 2014, the consent Decree is still in place and reporting and litigation is ongoing.

Emily Goldman - 03/03/2013
Richard Jolly - 11/25/2014


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Unreasonable search and seizure
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Discrimination Prohibition
Follow recruitment, hiring, or promotion protocols
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Provide antidiscrimination training
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Language discrimination
National origin discrimination
Race discrimination
Sex discrimination
General
Disparate Impact
Disparate Treatment
Excessive force
Failure to supervise
Failure to train
False arrest
Funding
Improper treatment of mentally ill suspects
Improper use of canines
Language/ethnic/minority needs
Over/Unlawful Detention
Pattern or Practice
Racial profiling
Search policies
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Race
Race, unspecified
Causes of Action Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
42 U.S.C. ยง 14141
Defendant(s) New Orleans Police Department
Plaintiff Description United States of America following a DOJ investigation of use of force by New Orleans police
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2012 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing JC-LA-0028 : Jones v. Gusman (E.D. La.)
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Federal Enforcement of Police Reform
By: Stephen Rushin (University of Illinois College of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program )
Citation: 82 Fordham Law Review 3189 (2014)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Panopticism for Police: Structural Reform Bargaining and Police Regulation by Data-Driven Surveillance
By: Mary D. Fan (University of Washington)
Citation: Forthcoming, 87 Washington L. Rev. __ (2012).
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Written: Nov. 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:12−cv−01924 (E.D. La.) 07/27/2016
PN-LA-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Investigation of the New Orleans Police Department 03/16/2011
PN-LA-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
[Correspondence re. Investigation of New Orleans Police Department findings letter] 03/16/2011
PN-LA-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Department of Justice Releases Investigative Findings Involving the New Orleans Police Department 03/17/2011
PN-LA-0001-0029.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Consent Decree regarding the New Orleans Police Department 07/24/2012
PN-LA-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Complaint 07/24/2012
PN-LA-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Motion and Memorandum for Entry of Consent Decree 07/24/2012
PN-LA-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Justice Department Announces Consent Decree with City of New Orleans to Resolve Allegations of Unlawful Misconduct by New Orleans Police Department 07/24/2012
PN-LA-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Document Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Order and Reasons 08/31/2012 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/06/2012 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/20/2012 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 09/21/2012 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 01/11/2013 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment 01/11/2013 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree Regarding the New Orleans Police Department [With Attached Errata] 01/11/2013 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0028.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion to Vacate Consent Decree Pursuant to Rule 60 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 02/05/2013
PN-LA-0001-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 02/08/2013 (2013 WL 492362) (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order and Reasons [Entering Consent Decree as Final] 05/23/2013 (947 F.Supp.2d 601) (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order and Reasons [Denying Second Motion to Stay] 05/24/2013 (2013 WL 2297208) (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0012.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order and Reasons [Denying Motion for Relief from Order Denying Leave to Intervene] 05/29/2013 (2013 WL 2369799) (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Concerning Consent Decree Monitor] 05/30/2013 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Notice 05/30/2013 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Vacating Temporary Order and Denying Stay Pending Appeal] 06/05/2013
PN-LA-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
United States' Memorandum Recommending Sheppard Mullin as Consent Decree Monitor 06/14/2013
PN-LA-0001-0027.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order and Reasons [Selecting Monitor] 07/05/2013 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment [Entering Consent Decree] 09/27/2013 (731 F.3d 434)
PN-LA-0001-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment 11/19/2013
PN-LA-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Dismissing Appeal] 11/25/2013
PN-LA-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Quarterly Report of the Consent Decree Monitor 11/29/2013
PN-LA-0001-0031.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Granting Motion to Amend Consent Decree] 02/20/2014 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
New Orleans Consent Decree Monitor Second Quarterly Report 05/27/2014
PN-LA-0001-0032.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Biannual Report of the New Orleans Police Department 07/02/2014
PN-LA-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
New Orleans Consent Decree Monitor Third Quarterly Report 08/31/2014
PN-LA-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Order [Granting Motion to Amend Consent Decree] 09/10/2014 (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
New Orleans Consent Decree Monitor Third Quarterly Report of 2014 12/19/2014
PN-LA-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Biannual Report of the New Orleans Police Department 12/31/2014
PN-LA-0001-0041.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report of the Consent Decree Monitor for the New Orleans Police Department Consent Decree (Monitor's Fourth Quarter of 2014 Report) 04/28/2015
PN-LA-0001-0035.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Biannual Report of the New Orleans Police Department 07/01/2015
PN-LA-0001-0042.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report of the Consent Decree Monitor on the New Orleans Police Department's Supervision Policies and Practices 07/21/2015
PN-LA-0001-0043.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report of the Consent Decree Monitor for the New Orleans Police Department Consent Decree (Monitor's First and Second Quarter of 2015 Report) 10/02/2015
PN-LA-0001-0036.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Biannual Report of the New Orleans Police Department 01/06/2016
PN-LA-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report of the Consent Decree Monitor for the Third and Fourth Quarters of 2015 02/26/2016
PN-LA-0001-0037.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Biannual Status Report of the New Orleans Police Department 07/27/2016
PN-LA-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report of the Consent Decree Monitor for the New Orleans Police Department Consent Decree Covering the First & Second Quarters of 2016 09/26/2016
PN-LA-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Davis, W. Eugene (Fifth Circuit, W.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0015 | PN-LA-0001-0016
Dennis, James L. (Fifth Circuit)
PN-LA-0001-0021
Haynes, Catharina (Fifth Circuit)
PN-LA-0001-0021
Jones, Warren Leroy (Eleventh Circuit, Fifth Circuit)
PN-LA-0001-0021
Morgan, Donna Sue (E.D. La.)
PN-LA-0001-0005 | PN-LA-0001-0006 | PN-LA-0001-0007 | PN-LA-0001-0008 | PN-LA-0001-0009 | PN-LA-0001-0011 | PN-LA-0001-0012 | PN-LA-0001-0013 | PN-LA-0001-0014 | PN-LA-0001-0018 | PN-LA-0001-0019 | PN-LA-0001-0020 | PN-LA-0001-0024 | PN-LA-0001-0025 | PN-LA-0001-0026 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Stewart, Carl E. (Fifth Circuit)
PN-LA-0001-0015 | PN-LA-0001-0016
Wiener, Jacques Loeb Jr. (Fifth Circuit)
PN-LA-0001-0015 | PN-LA-0001-0016
Wilkinson, Joseph C. Jr. (E.D. La.) [Magistrate]
PN-LA-0001-9000
Monitors/Masters Aronie, Jonathan (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0031 | PN-LA-0001-0035 | PN-LA-0001-0036 | PN-LA-0001-0037 | PN-LA-0001-0038
Plaintiff's Lawyers Austin, Roy L. (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0004 | PN-LA-0001-0023 | PN-LA-0001-0027 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Boente, Dana J. (Virginia)
PN-LA-0001-0027
Carter, Theodore R. III (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Geissler, R. Jonas (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Gunston, Emily A. (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0004 | PN-LA-0001-0023 | PN-LA-0001-0027 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Holder, Eric H. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0030
Lee, Bryan (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Letten, Jim (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0004 | PN-LA-0001-0023 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-0029 | PN-LA-0001-0030 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Lopez, Christy (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0023 | PN-LA-0001-0027 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Parker, Stephen C. (Tennessee)
PN-LA-0001-0027 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0003 | PN-LA-0001-0004 | PN-LA-0001-0023 | PN-LA-0001-0027 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-0029 | PN-LA-0001-0030 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Polite, Kenneth A. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Sanders, Corey M. (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0004 | PN-LA-0001-0023 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0004 | PN-LA-0001-0023 | PN-LA-0001-0027 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Volek, Jude (District of Columbia)
PN-LA-0001-0027 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Arthur, Byron R. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Beck, Erica N. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Capitelli, Ralph (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Capitelli, Brian Joseph (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Cortizas, Richard F. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0001 | PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-0023 | PN-LA-0001-0028 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Dietz, Rebecca H (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0039 | PN-LA-0001-0040 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Hansell, Churita H. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Harowski, Christie C. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-0033 | PN-LA-0001-0039 | PN-LA-0001-0041 | PN-LA-0001-0042 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Kaufman, Mary Katherine (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Lindsay, Matthew J. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Taplin, Cherrell Simms (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Taylor, Mary Katherine (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Williams, Sharonda R. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-0010 | PN-LA-0001-0033 | PN-LA-0001-0041 | PN-LA-0001-0042 | PN-LA-0001-9000
Other Lawyers Alpaugh, Chester Theodore III (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Charney, Darius (New York)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Finger, Davida (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Hessler, Eric John (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Quigley, William Patrick (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Schlesinger, Claude A. (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Warren, E. Vincent (New York)
PN-LA-0001-9000
Williams, John S (Louisiana)
PN-LA-0001-9000

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