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Case Name Inmates of Santa Barbara County Jail v. Carpenter JC-CA-0083
Docket / Court 152487 ( State Court )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Special Collection California Jail Population Caps
Case Summary
This is a lawsuit filed in the Superior Court of California for the County of Santa Barbara by prisoners in the Santa Barbara County Main Jail against the County Sheriff, challenging their conditions of confinement. The plaintiffs, represented by the Santa Barbara Public Defender's Office and ... read more >
This is a lawsuit filed in the Superior Court of California for the County of Santa Barbara by prisoners in the Santa Barbara County Main Jail against the County Sheriff, challenging their conditions of confinement. The plaintiffs, represented by the Santa Barbara Public Defender's Office and private counsel, alleged overly crowded conditions in violation of the constitution and sought injunctive relief.

On August 2, 1988, the Court (Judge William J. Gordon) entered an order authorizing the Sheriff to institute an early release program, and directed the Jail Overcrowding Task Force, a group created by the Sheriff in 1985 to look into procedures and polices that might alleviate overcrowding, to prepare a report with specific recommendations regarding such options as expanding the Bail/Own Recognizance Unit, expanding the parole program, house arrests, and clearing outside agency holds.

On February 13, 1989, the Court (Judge Gordon) issued a detailed order to the Sheriff requiring the implementation of a number of measures to reduce jail overcrowding. These measures included an expanded field cite release program; sending inmates to the Honor Farm; making facility modifications to the Honor Farm; expanding the Own Recognizance units' staff; expanding the County parole program; proceeding with plans for facilities and development programs; and completing the planning and construction of a new reception center at the Main Jail.

On February 23, 1990, the Court limited the number of female inmates to a maximum of 65 individuals; this was adjusted upwards to a maximum of 99 people on January 24, 1996, as a result of additional beds being added to the jail's basement dormitory.

On September 22, 1998, the Court (Judge Gordon) ordered that within one year, there must be a reduction in the number of inmates in the male portion of the Main Jail from 702 to 587, with 587 being the new cap on the number of inmates. To ensure that the cap was not exceeded, the Court imposed a "flex" cap of 530 inmates. At any time that the male inmate population reached 530 individuals, the Sheriff was authorized to impose release criteria to ensure that the capacity did not exceed 587 inmates. (This Order came more than two years after the Sheriff's Department argued against imposing a cap and instead allowing it to address the jail overcrowding issue in other ways, such as those provided by the February 13, 1989 Order.)

On September 7, 1999, the Court modified the early release program to require prisoners eligible for early release to participate in an alternative program, such as electronic monitoring, parole, or the Sheriff's Work Alternative Program; failure of a prisoner to agree to participate in an alternative program would result in the prisoner being passed over for early release. The female prisoner cap was increased by 2 and male prisoner cap was increased by 18.

On December 29, 1999, the Court amended its prior orders of September 22, 1998, and September 7, 1999, to allow the Sheriff to exceed the flex cap in times of emergency, including incidents causing mass bookings at the jail. In such instances of emergency, the Sheriff would not be required to immediately release prisoners as would have been required under the previous orders.

In April 2001, the flex cap was reduced from 548 to 520 inmates.

On May 24, 2005, the Court (Judge Brian E. Hill) changed the booking criteria at the Main Jail; authorized all pre-trial, post-arraignment misdemeanor prisoners who met specified criteria to be released into the electronic monitoring program or to be issued a citation release; and authorized the reconfiguration of the Main Jail dormitory spaces to add 44 male beds, for a total of 649 beds.

Later in 2005, the County issued a study recommending the construction of a new jail to ease the still-pressing overcrowding problem at the Main Jail. As of the date of this summary, there is no evidence that this new jail was constructed, and we have no information on further orders of the Court.

(This summary is adapted in large part from the discussion of court orders in the County of Santa Barbara's New Jail Planning Study.)

Christopher Schad - 07/20/2012

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Crowding / caseload
Post-PLRA Population Cap
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) County of Santa Barbara
Plaintiff Description prisoners at the Santa Barbara County Jail
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1988 - n/a
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Unknown
Additional Resources
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Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Decision and Orders [Authorizing the Sheriff to Institute an Early Release Program and Directing the Jail Overcrowding Task Force to Prepare a Report] 08/02/1988
JC-CA-0083-0001 PDF | Detail
Decision and Orders [Requiring the Implementation of Measures to Reduce Overcrowding, Including the Construction of New Facilities] 02/13/1989
JC-CA-0083-0002 PDF | Detail
Stipulation to Impose Cap on Main Jail and Order Thereon 09/22/1998
JC-CA-0083-0003 PDF | Detail
Stipulation and Order to Change Conditions of Confinement at the Santa Barbara County Main Jail 05/24/2005
JC-CA-0083-0004 PDF | Detail
New Jail Planning Study 12/13/2005
JC-CA-0083-0005 PDF | Detail
Judges Gordon, William L. (State Trial Court)
JC-CA-0083-0001 | JC-CA-0083-0002 | JC-CA-0083-0003
Hill, Brian E. (State Trial Court)
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Egar, James (California)
McMahon, Michael (California)
Mowrer, Glen (California)
Sanger, Robert M. (California)
JC-CA-0083-0003 | JC-CA-0083-0004
Defendant's Lawyers Stark, Stephen Shane (California)
JC-CA-0083-0003 | JC-CA-0083-0004 | JC-CA-0083-0005
Underwood, Stephen D. (California)
JC-CA-0083-0003 | JC-CA-0083-0004
Other Lawyers None on record

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