University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Texas v. Holder VR-DC-1167
Docket / Court 1:2012cv00128 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Attorney Organization MALDEF
Case Summary
This case was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia by the State of Texas on January 24, 2012, which sought judicial approval of its voter ID law. Texas was required by Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act to seek either U.S. Department of Justice or federal court " ... read more >
This case was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia by the State of Texas on January 24, 2012, which sought judicial approval of its voter ID law. Texas was required by Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act to seek either U.S. Department of Justice or federal court "preclearance" of the law, prior to its implementation. The U.S. Department of Justice opposed preclearance. On August 30, 2012, a three-judge federal district court denied the necessary approval, because Texas had not demonstrated that the law would not harm the voting opportunities of minority voters. In an opinion by Justice Tatel, the court emphasized that not every voter ID would fail under Section 5. In fact, the court stated, "voter laws might well be precleared if they ensure (1) that all prospective voters can easily obtain free photo ID, and (2) that any underlying documents required to obtain that ID are truly free of charge." In Texas, however, this was not the case: "The State of Texas enacted a voter ID law that--at least to our knowledge--is the most stringent in the country. That law will almost certainly have retrogressive effect: it imposes strict, unforgiving burdens on the poor, and racial minorities in Texas are disproportionately likely to live in poverty. And crucially, the Texas legislature defeated several amendments that could have made this a far closer case." 888 F.Supp.2d 113.

On December 17, 2012, the court entered judgment against Texas. The case was stayed until the United States Supreme Court issued a final ruling in Shelby County v. Holder. Two days later, Texas appealed the judgment to the Supreme Court.

On June 27, 2013, the Supreme Court vacated the judgment and remanded the case for further consideration in light of Shelby County v. Holder, 133 S.Ct. 2612, in which the Court had held that the Voting Rights Act's preclearance requirement was unconstitutional. Texas v. Holder, 133 S. Ct. 2886 (2013).

On remand, the three-judge District Court dismissed all claims on August 27, 2013.

Some defendant-intervenors sought award of attorney fees and costs. On August 11, 2014, the District Court (Rosemary M. Collyer) held that defendant-intervenors were not a prevailing party and were not entitled to attorney fees and costs. 63 F. Supp. 3d 54 (D.D.C. 2014).

Jessica Kincaid - 03/15/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Voting access
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
State Plaintiff
Race
Black
Voting
Voter id
Causes of Action Voting Rights Act, section 5, 42 U.S.C. § 1973c
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) U.S.
Plaintiff Description State of Texas
Indexed Lawyer Organizations MALDEF
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2014
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
1:2012cv00128 (D.D.C.) 08/11/2014
VR-DC-1167-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Expedited Complaint for Declaratory Judgment 01/24/2012
VR-DC-1167-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Expedited Complaint for Declaratory Judgment 03/12/2012
VR-DC-1167-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [3-Judge Court] 08/30/2012 (888 F.Supp.2d 113) (D.D.C.)
VR-DC-1167-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 12/17/2012 (D.D.C.)
VR-DC-1167-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order 12/17/2012 (D.D.C.)
VR-DC-1167-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 07/29/2013 (133 S.Ct. 2886)
VR-DC-1167-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion 08/11/2014 (63 F.Supp.3d 54) (D.D.C.)
VR-DC-1167-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Bloomberg Law
Judges Collyer, Rosemary M. (D.D.C., FISC)
VR-DC-1167-0004 | VR-DC-1167-0005 | VR-DC-1167-0006 | VR-DC-1167-9000
Tatel, David S. (D.C. Circuit)
VR-DC-1167-0003 | VR-DC-1167-0004 | VR-DC-1167-0005 | VR-DC-1167-9000
Wilkins, Robert Leon (D.C. Circuit, D.D.C.)
VR-DC-1167-0004 | VR-DC-1167-0005 | VR-DC-1167-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Abbott, Greg (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-0001 | VR-DC-1167-0002
Aston, Adam W. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-0001 | VR-DC-1167-0002 | VR-DC-1167-9000
Brissenden, Reynolds B. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
D'Andrea, Arthur C. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-0001 | VR-DC-1167-0002
Frederick, Matthew Hamilton (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Hodge, Daniel T. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-0001 | VR-DC-1167-0002
Hughes, John M. (Colorado)
VR-DC-1167-9000
McKenzie, John William (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Mitchell, Jonathan F. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-0002 | VR-DC-1167-9000
Mortara, Adam K. (Illinois)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Spencer, Asha L.I. (Illinois)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Sullivan, James P. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-0001 | VR-DC-1167-0002
Sweeten, Patrick Kinney (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Abudu, Nancy G. (Georgia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Adegbile, Debo Patrick (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Aden, Leah C. (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Bell-Platts, Meredith E.B. (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Berkower, Risa (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Bledsoe, Gary Lynn (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Boddie, Elise C. (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Brazil, Kemble Scott (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Colangelo, Matthew B. (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Couto, Rebecca McNeil (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
de Leeuw, Michael Birney (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Dellheim, Richard A. (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Dunn, Chad W. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Figueroa, Luis O. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Fisher, Spencer R. (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Flaum, Douglas H. (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Freeman, Daniel J (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Gear, Bruce (Maryland)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Greenbaum, Jon M. (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Harris, Adam M. (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Haygood, Ryan Paul (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Hebert, J. Gerald (Virginia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Ho, Dale E. (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Judge, Donita (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Korgaonkar, Natasha (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Lyznik, Karolina J. (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Maranzano, Jennifer L. (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
McDonald, Moffatt Laughlin (Georgia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Notzon, Robert Stephen (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
O'Connor, Katie (Georgia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Payton, John (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Pedersen, Amy (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Perales, Nina (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Perez, Myrna (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Posner, Mark A. (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Robertson, Rebecca Lynn (Texas)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Rosenberg, Ezra David (New Jersey)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Saenz, Thomas A. (California)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Sells, Bryan L. (Georgia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Spitzer, Arthur (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Tanner, John K. (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Vandewalker, Ian Arthur (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Weiser, Wendy R. (New York)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Westfall, Elizabeth (District of Columbia)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Yeary, Michelle Hart (New Jersey)
VR-DC-1167-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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