University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Arcia v. Detzner VR-FL-0170
Docket / Court 1:12-cv-22282 ( S.D. Fla. )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Case Summary
On June 17, 2012, this fourth lawsuit over Florida's voter purge program was filed by a group of civil and voting rights organizations against the Florida Secretary of State under Section 1983, the Voting Rights Act, and the National Voter Registration Act. They argue that the purge program ... read more >
On June 17, 2012, this fourth lawsuit over Florida's voter purge program was filed by a group of civil and voting rights organizations against the Florida Secretary of State under Section 1983, the Voting Rights Act, and the National Voter Registration Act. They argue that the purge program discriminated against black and Latino citizens, and that it illegally happened within 90 days of a federal election.

Before trial, the two sides entered into a stipulation regarding some of the claims. Florida agreed to re-add any voters to the rolls whose non-citizenship could not be verified and also ensured that no registered voter would have to submit a provisional ballot due to their presence on a list of potential non-citizens. In return, the plaintiffs agreed to dismiss most of their claims.

On the claim that the purge violated minority rights because it took place within 90 days of an election, the District Court (Judge William Zloch) found that the NVRA only restricted mass removals of voters because of changes in residence. As such, he ruled that Florida's removal of voters did not violate the NVRA, since the act did not disallow a purge of voters who were not eligible to register to vote in the first place. 908 F.Supp.2d 1276 (S.D. Fla. 2012).

On November 1, 2012, the plaintiffs appealed to the Eleventh Circuit, which eventually reversed the District Court's decision. In an opinion filed on December 4, 2014, the Eleventh Circuit declared Florida's removal of voters in this case violated the NVRA prohibition against systematic removal within 90 days of an election. The Court of Appeals rejected the statutory interpretation that the NVRA only prohibited the removal of citizens who have changed residences, and ordered the District Court to provide any further relief needed in the interest of justice.

The District Court entered the new final judgment in favor of the plaintiffs on February 12, 2015. The parties settled on attorneys' fees outside of the Court.

The case is now closed.

Margo Schlanger - 06/19/2012
Jonathan Forman - 06/30/2013
Virginia Weeks - 10/27/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
National origin discrimination
Race discrimination
General
Voting access
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Voting
Voter registration rules
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
National Voter Registration Act ("Motor Voter law"), 42 U.S.C. § 1973gg
Voting Rights Act, section 2, 42 U.S.C. § 1973
Defendant(s) Florida Sec'y of State
Plaintiff Description Individuals and groups affected by Florida's efforts to purge non-citizens from its voting rolls.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year 2012
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing VR-FL-0169 : United States v. State of Florida (N.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0168 : Mi Familia Vota Education Fund v. Detzner (M.D. Fla.)
VR-DC-1166 : Florida Department of State v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security (D.D.C.)
Docket(s)
1:12-cv-22282 (S.D. Fla.) 05/26/2015
VR-FL-0170-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 06/19/2012
VR-FL-0170-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
Order [Granting in Part and Denying in Part Motion to Modify Pre-Trial Scheduling Order and Granting in Part and Denying in Part Motion to Amend Complaint] 08/24/2012 (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Order of Referral to Mediation 08/24/2012 (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation and Dismissal 09/12/2012
VR-FL-0170-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
First Amended Complaint 09/12/2012
VR-FL-0170-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion of Bipartisan Group of Voters Luis I. Garcia, Diana K. Whitehurst, Hal David Rush, and Barbara A. Dereuil for Intervention under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 24 09/20/2012
VR-FL-0170-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Granting Motion to Vacate Amended Order Referring Case to Mediation] 09/21/2012 (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Denying Motion to Intervene] 09/28/2012 (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Denying Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Motion for Summary Judgment] 10/04/2012 (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Granting Motion for Judgment as a Matter of Law] 10/29/2012 (2012 WL 6212564) (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0010.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Judgment 10/29/2012 (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Enclosing Copy of Order of Dismissal] 12/03/2012
VR-FL-0170-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment 12/04/2014 (772 F.3d 1335)
VR-FL-0170-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Judgment 02/12/2015 (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Untitled 04/15/2015
VR-FL-0170-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Withdrawal of Pending Motion for Attorneys' Fees on Remand and Settlement of Claim for Attorney's Fees 05/26/2015
VR-FL-0170-0016.pdf | Detail
Judges Carnes, Julie E. (N.D. Ga., Eleventh Circuit)
VR-FL-0170-0012
Jordan, Adalberto Jose (S.D. Fla., Eleventh Circuit)
VR-FL-0170-0013 | VR-FL-0170-0015
Martin, Beverly Baldwin (N.D. Ga., Eleventh Circuit)
VR-FL-0170-0013 | VR-FL-0170-0015
Pryor, William Holcombe Jr. (Eleventh Circuit)
VR-FL-0170-0012
Seltzer, Barry S. (S.D. Fla.) [Magistrate]
VR-FL-0170-9000
Suhrheinrich, Richard Fred (E.D. Mich., Sixth Circuit)
VR-FL-0170-0013 | VR-FL-0170-0015
Zloch, William J. (S.D. Fla.)
VR-FL-0170-0003 | VR-FL-0170-0004 | VR-FL-0170-0007 | VR-FL-0170-0008 | VR-FL-0170-0009 | VR-FL-0170-0010 | VR-FL-0170-0011 | VR-FL-0170-0014 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Amunson, Jessica Ring (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0016
Cartagena, Juan (New York)
VR-FL-0170-0001 | VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Cohen, Michelle Kanter (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Culliton-Gonzalez, Katherine (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
De Leon, John (Florida)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Flanagan, Catherine (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Friedman, Joshua N. (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-9000
Goldman, Marc A. (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Hair, Penda D. (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0001 | VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Hebert, J. Gerald (Virginia)
VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Hovland, Ben (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Jenkins, Marina K. (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Kaplan, Lindsay Eyler (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-9000
Masters, Lorelie (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Nkwonta, Uzoma (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Perez, Jose-Luis (New York)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Roberson-Young, Katherine (Florida)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-0016 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Rodriguez-Taseff, Lida (Florida)
VR-FL-0170-9000
Rogers, Kristen M. (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-9000
Sen, Diana S. (New York)
VR-FL-0170-0001 | VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-0005 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Axelman, David (Florida)
VR-FL-0170-0006
Carvin, Michael (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-9000
Davis, Ashley E. (Florida)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Gewertz, Nevin M (Illinois)
VR-FL-0170-0006 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Gore, John M. (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-9000
Nordby, Daniel E. (Florida)
VR-FL-0170-0002 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Postman, Warren David (District of Columbia)
VR-FL-0170-9000
Rodriguez, Raquel Aurora (Florida)
VR-FL-0170-0006 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Smith, Joseph C Jr. (Colorado)
VR-FL-0170-0006 | VR-FL-0170-9000
Tanenbaum, Adam S. (Florida)
VR-FL-0170-9000
Other Lawyers None on record

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